Revolution in South Asia

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CPI (Maoist) Internationalist statement on the recent turmoil in Nepal

Posted by n3wday on July 2, 2009

CPI maoist marching

This article was published in the Maoist Information Bulletin #8 and has been made available on Banned Thought.

COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)

CENTRAL COMMITTEE

Press Release: May 5, 2009 – (Became available June 29, 2009)

The political crisis in Nepal is the result of Indo-US conspiracy!

Oppose the attempts by Indian expansionists to meddle in the internal affairs of Nepal!

People’s democracy can be established in Nepal only by smashing the old state!!

Withdrawal of support by CPN(UML), MJF and other allies to the government headed by comrade Prachanda does not come as a surprise to any keen observer of the unfolding situation in Nepal in the context of the growing realignment of forces in South Asia and the world at large. South Asia has become a top-priority zone for American imperialism in the context of its growing rivalry with China which is seen as the greatest threat to American imperialism in the world arena in the coming decades. Besides, its importance has grown against the backdrop of a series of defeats suffered by the occupation forces of NATO and US in Afghanistan at the hands of Taliban and the latter’s fast-expanding hold and influence in Pakistan. The strategy of US imperialism in the region is to contain the growing influence of China and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), forge a powerful pro-American axis of powers to turn the tide in its favour in Afghanistan where its forces are on the run in the renewed Taliban offensive, and establish its hegemony in the region as part of its global strategic designs. To achieve this goal American imperialism has been trying to forge an alliance with Pakistan and India, preaching to Pakistan that it should do away with its obsession with threat from India and, instead, concentrate on war in its western frontier to crush Taliban.

US imperialism and Indian expansionism are particularly perturbed over the growing influence of China over the region, consolidation of China’s grip over Sri Lanka, and the fear that the government in Nepal is moving closer to China. And it is this fear which is common to both India and US that has pushed these powers to oust the government led by the Maoists in a bid to install a regime loyal to them. Hence Washington and Delhi had instructed the allies of UCPN(M) in the ruling coalition to withdraw support to the government headed by Prachanda and to form a government with all other forces sans the Maoists. Attempts are already on to form a government with UML, Koirala’s NC, MJF and others all of which are loyal to India.

The arch-reactionary UML which dons the garb of Marxist Leninist had always served the reactionary rulers of Nepal and their foreign masters.. They blame UCPN(M) and com Prachanda for “unilaterally sacking” the chief of the Army Staff, General Rookmangud Katawal. But why such a step had to be taken is simply hushed up. Moreover, the unconstitutional act of the President in reinstating the Army Chief is given legitimacy by these anti-people Parties. The fact is the army chief had ordered the fresh recruitment of several thousand soldiers into the Nepal Army while blocking the integration of the PLA cadres thereby going against the letter and spirit of the agreement reached between the various parties who waged a unified struggle against the monarchy. Gen Katawal had also extended the tenure of several senior Army officers with the aim of retaining the hold of the pro-monarchy elements over the Army. It is a deliberate planned move by the reactionary ruling classes of Nepal under the close guidance and planning of the Indian expansionists and US imperialists. By resuming recruitment to Nepal Army even before finalizing the integration of the two armies, these reactionary forces wanted to precipitate the situation and place the blame for the break-up of the government on the Maoists themselves. Thereby they aim to isolate and attack the Maoist forces, consolidate the anti-people Army, tighten the hold of India-US over Nepal, and contain the growing influence and competition from China in the region.

In fact, the Indian ruling classes have been feeling uncomfortable ever since CPN(M) had emerged as the single largest political Party in the elections to the CA in April 2008. Their attempts to prevent the formation of a government headed by the Maoists had failed. Hence they had been waiting for an opportune moment to topple the government and preparing to create such a crisis by placing spokes in the process of integration of the two Armies, advising the Army Chief to go ahead with massive recruitment into the Nepalese Army, and assuring support to any unconstitutional move to oust the Maoist-led government.

That Gen Katawal should have been allowed to continue for so long in office even after his mentor, King Gyanendra, was forced to retreat from the political scene in Nepal, is itself a bad thing. He had been the most reliable pillar of the monarchy and the old state power whose interests he had served all along. He and the Army he heads are representatives of the old state and naturally would cling to their privileges and class interests until they are overthrown by force. The attempt by the Maoists to utilize the apparatus of the old state to bring about change in the social system, instead of smashing it, is the basis for the development of the present dangerous situation. Today any slight mistake on the part of the Maoists would result in grave disaster. The reactionaries in Nepal, with the active aid and assistance of US and India, are hatching conspiracies to unleash a blood-bath to wipe out the Maoist forces. The only way to resist these reactionary attempts is to rely on the revolutionary masses, organize them against the state and prepare them for street battles basing on the base areas in the vast countryside. At least now the leadership of the CPN(M) should realize the futility of the parliamentary path and resume the people’s war to achieve complete victory by smashing the old state and reactionary forces, and establishing the people’s democratic state. And to achieve this, the major chunk of the Party leadership and cadre should go underground immediately, rely on the vast countryside to wage guerrilla war on the one hand and mobilise the masses politically in the entire country against the reactionary forces who are attempting to establish the rule of the feudal forces, comprador bourgeoisie.

The CC, CPI(Maoist), condemns the Indo-US conspiracy in toppling the government headed by comrade Prachanda and warns them against meddling in the internal affairs of Nepal. It pledges all support to the Maoists in Nepal in their fight against Indian expansionism and cautions them to beware of the attempts by the reactionary rulers of India to create a blood-bath of revolutionaries in Nepal.

sd/

Azad,

Spokesperson,

Central Committee,

CPI(Maoist)

[From: CPI(Maoist) Information Bulletin, #8, May 15, 2009, pp. 51-52.]

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11 Responses to “CPI (Maoist) Internationalist statement on the recent turmoil in Nepal”

  1. Today any slight mistake on the part of the Maoists would result in grave disaster. The reactionaries in Nepal, with the active aid and assistance of US and India, are hatching conspiracies to unleash a blood-bath to wipe out the Maoist forces. The only way to resist these reactionary attempts is to rely on the revolutionary masses, organize them against the state and prepare them for street battles basing on the base areas in the vast countryside. At least now the leadership of the CPN(M) should realize the futility of the parliamentary path and resume the people’s war to achieve complete victory by smashing the old state and reactionary forces, and establishing the people’s democratic state.

    The author(s) need to be informed that the threat of the NA is not significant. The PLA has instant access to weapons and during the recent years the All Nepal Federation of Unions has developed a very close affiliation to the Maoists and they have become a militant force. See my report on meetings with the Union and its leader Ganesh Regmi recently in Kathmandu covered in my blog entries here. The growth of the YCL has been phenomenal – it is only the restraint by the Maoist leadership that these forces have not already suppressed violently the NA. Ganesh Man Pun, formally commander of the PLA 4th Division also explained to me that there are significant internal rifts in the NA which is part of why there is no fear of any coup attempt – My blog entry on the discussion with YCL leaders is posted here

    Best of all Azad, please read the recent analysis of Bhattarai by Rosa L. Blanc:

    http://mikeely.wordpress.com/2009/07/02/bhattarais-new-type-of-state-and-the-maoist-re-envisioning-of-communism/

  2. red road said

    Mauldin essentially portrays the CPI(Maoists) as unnecessarily paranoid or alarmist. But is Mauldin’s knowledge of Nepal deeper and more grounded than the CPI(Maoists)? When he says,

    “The author(s) need to be informed that the threat of the NA is not significant”

    he ignores, among other things, the NA collaborations with Indian military and US military delegations, which parallel the collaborations by the Indian military with US military delegations and teams in West Bengal. The Indian military assault on the tribal people of Lalgarh has been larger, and more intense, than any other in many years. This bloody assault has been carried out with the active collaborative role (equipment, technology, and otherwise) of the US and Israel. The CPI(Maoists) also are surely basing their comment,

    “The reactionaries in Nepal, with the active aid and assistance of US and India, are hatching conspiracies to unleash a blood-bath to wipe out the Maoist forces.”

    on the fact that the Indians, Israelis, and US also actively collaborated in the massacres of Tamil people in Sri Lanka.

    Mauldin says,

    “Ganesh Man Pun, formally commander of the PLA 4th Division also explained to me that there are significant internal rifts in the NA which is part of why there is no fear of any coup attempt”

    in opposition to the CPI(Maoist)’s call for

    “The only way to resist these reactionary attempts is to rely on the revolutionary masses, organize them against the state and prepare them for street battles basing on the base areas in the vast countryside.”

    The CPI(Maoist)’s knowledge and understanding of the experience and situation of revolutionaries, throughout south asia, has not come through recent momentary and peripheral visitations. Their stance should be taken seriously. Unfortunately, their detailed presentation and knowledgeable approach has been largely ignored or dismissed without being given a serious read, if the lack of substantial comments about the “Open Letter” is any indication.

  3. n3wday said

    I agree in many ways w/ red road on these points. I think Mauldin’s view of the army situation (and if it is indeed the UCPN’s as well) is thoroughly idealist.

    To be fair though, this website rarely gets substantial comments on anything, ever, period. It doesn’t necessarily mean disinterest. The longest engagement I’ve ever seen here was the one between me and Martin recently. Which, imo, wasn’t particularly interesting (although having any debate here is in many ways valuable).

  4. Ka Frank said

    In spite of Mauldin’s claim to have inside information, the Maoists in Nepal are well aware of how substantial a threat the Nepalese Army–backed by India and the US–is to the advance and victory of their revolution.

  5. Dear Comrades,

    I have simply reported what was said to me directly by Ganesh Regmi, Ganesh Man Pun and C.P. Gajurel

    Short of claiming I have made it all up, any arguments of whether the combined militant capacity of the PLA ANTUF and YCL is a successful deterrent to the NA should be taken up with those parties.

    The point made is that the NA is not the degree of threat pictured by the CPI writer if you listen to what the CYL and Union leadership are saying.

    Some observation and logic also are important. Could the Maoists continue to dictate from the streets and from their seats in the CA unless they had a strong deterrent at hand? This is exactly why the UML government will not last and the UCPN(M) will return to the leadership of the government with civilian supremacy over the NA – which is a pretty easy prediction the CPI fails to make.

    If we don’t see the Maoists back in leadership of the government soon then I would guess that means I was in fact over optimistic – lets see.

    My optimism extends to some faith the Maoist led coalition of parties representing oppressed classes will in time further weaken and dominate the NC oppressors and the oppressor factions in the UML and Terai parties; the integration process will occur, with some internal support of nationalist factions within the NA itself; and, the CA with vanguard leadership of the Maoists will complete the constitution for a New Nepal on schedule.

    It is a matter of opinion, yes, atheistic faith as I see it – which is far different than a Pollyanna optimism as it awaits the confirmation of what was believed, the confirmation that it had been true. The future path beyond the establishment of the New Nepal state is really what is most problematic. Will the collaboration with nationalists (and their unfortunate patriotism), along with the primarily regional and ethnic group agendas hamper the withering away of that state? Will some, even within the Maoist camp fall to sugar bullets as development projects in cooperation with global capitalists ensue? Will “a long process of reorganization based on a free association of producers” (Badiou) occur?

    These are the questions that need our attention… but I see how some may not be able to address them if their own faith is in the military supremacy of the imperialists.

  6. red road said

    Mauldin,

    Your original comment on this thread was blindsided toward the real threats posed by the NA and its ties with Indian, US, and other international structures and alliances of reaction. The post in response addressed this blindness, in solid, materialist fashion. It did not express any faith or belief in military supremacy by imperialist forces.

    Today, US surveillance satellites perform reconnaisence to guide drone aircraft missiles attacking the people of Afghanistan and Pakistan. The same satellites performed essential services for Sir Lanka to target their murderous assaults on Tamil people and the LTTE. The same satellites provide focus for Indian forces attacking adivasis and Maoists in Lalgarh, West Bengal. One must assume (given this pattern and given the military liaisons between the NA, Indians, and US) that the same satellites are not turned off or relegated to benign crop management programs when they pass over Nepal. These are very real mechanisms from the air, just as real as the bullets and sugar-coated bullets on the ground.

    You not only quoted from your interview with a PLA spokesman, but offered your summary: “the threat of the NA is not significant.” Opinions which ignore stubborn realities do get expressed as Pollyanish optimism–and for their lack of credible substance, are not to be taken seriously.

    “If you know the enemy and know yourself, you need not fear the result of a hundred battles. If you know yourself but not the enemy, for every victory gained you will also suffer a defeat. If you know neither the enemy nor yourself, you will succumb in every battle.” –Sun Tzu

    “Despise the enemy strategically, but take him seriously tactically.” –Mao Zedong

  7. red road said

    mauldin said

    “Will the collaboration with nationalists (and their unfortunate patriotism), along with the primarily regional and ethnic group agendas hamper the withering away of that state?”

    Please clarify. Is it your view that the withering away of the state will happen in one country at a time, even while class struggle continues?

  8. Dear Com. Red Road:

    I said “withering away of that state”. No such state exists yet in Nepal.. and it would be likely that it would be in the country of which this topic refers.. and I have not conceived of a multi-country state or a global state, which are pretty novel concepts, maybe they are existing in some interesting science fiction already.. and, “class struggle” I would tend to think that in what is going on in a withering process, the classes are what is withering, huh? So the withering would be “even while class struggle continues” dontcha think?

  9. red road said

    Marxists have considered the withering away of the state to be a global phenomenon when nation-states, being instruments of class rule, will no longer exist. The withering away of any state–in, say, Nepal or any other–requires revolution and socialist transformation in all.

    While socialist revolutions take place in countries, one by one, in accordance with local conditions and their place (as a weaker or stronger link) in the chain of imperialist relations, the revolution from socialism to classless and stateless communism will be necessarily global and relatively simultaneous, though it undoubtedly will not be a smooth or seamless process.

  10. Mike E said

    I think we should aspire to a withering element to the socialist transition.

    Something changes when the state no longer serves the oppression of the many — potentially it can have a different relationship to society.

  11. Author: Mike E
    Comment:
    I think we should aspire to a withering element to the socialist transition.

    Something changes when the state no longer serves the oppression of the many — potentially it can have a different relationship to society.

    I resonate with that intuition in that it is an algorithm of recursion. Also it goes to the dictatorship of the proletariat nonetheless as oppression of the many. The potential difference then is the state has no longer the proper meaning of the state as serving less than the whole whether that be the oppressor classes or a many composed of the proletariat.

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