Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Cambodia: Activists Protest as Navi from ‘Avatar’ Against Forest Destruction

Posted by redpines on June 3, 2011

Though the fight to preserve the Prey Lang forest is not an explicitly Communist struggle, it is important to note that the Cambodian masses are responding to the same capitalist dynamics of ecological destruction, exploitation and rural displacement that have sparked revolutionary upsurges in India, Nepal and elsewhere. Not only is the forest a vitally important source of biodiversity, it provides villagers in four Cambodian provinces with food and a way of life. It should also be noted that these struggle over the future of the Prey Lang forest is being carried out, in part, against companies based in revisionist Vietnam.

“In addition to its wildlife, the largely unprotected forest is also home to a quarter of million people who are largely dependent on its renewable resources, many of whom are from the Kuy indigenous group.”

This article originally appeared here.

Cambodians rally as ‘Avatars’ to save one of the region’s last great rainforests

by Jeremy Hance

Two hundred Cambodians rallied in Phnom Penh last week to protest the widespread destruction of one of Southeast Asia’s last intact lowland rainforests, known as Prey Lang. In an effort to gain wider media attention, protestors donned dress and make-up inspired by the James Cameron film, Avatar, which depicts the destruction of a forest and its inhabitants on an alien world. The idea worked as the rally received international attention from Reuters, CNN (i-report), MSNBC, and NPR, among other media outlets.

Located between the Mekong and Stung Sen River, nearly half of Prey Lang has never been logged, making it an incredible rarity in Southeast Asia, whose forests, according to Conservation International (CI), are the world’s most imperiled. Tigers, Asian elephants, banteng, gaur, and Asiatic black bears are all still found in the 200,000 hectares of forest. In all up to 50 endangered mammals, birds, and reptiles may live in the forest. In addition to its wildlife, the largely unprotected forest is also home to a quarter of million people who are largely dependent on its renewable resources, many of whom are from the Kuy indigenous group.

Still the biodiversity and ecosystem services, including vital watersheds, provided by the forest have not stopped officials from handing out large tracts of the rainforest for clearcutting. Recently, the Cambodian government has granted a concession of over 6,000 hectares to a rubber company. Clearing for biofuels also threatens the forest.

“This bulldozing of the forest is done without any environmental impact assessments,” Chet Ton, a community organizer with a local NGO, recently told the Cambodia Daily, “and the companies try to hide [information].”

The villagers also delivered a petition opposing land concessions in Prey Lang signed by 30,000 people to Cambodia’s National Assembly. The petition calls on the Cambodian government to rescind any current permits and establish Prey Lang as a protected area.

“Nature cannot speak out, and we are dependent on natural resources, so we have to speak out on its behalf,” Som Lach, a protestor, told the Phnom Peng Post.

Protestors were joined by wanted activist and monk, Loun Savath, who left the protest early in order to avoid arrest by authorities. Savath, who painted faces at the rally, is known for his work on social justice and land issues, efforts that have made him wanted by government officials and condemned by religious leaders.

“I am a Buddhist who sees injustice in society and the sorrow of people suffering from the loss of their land … and no one helps find justice for them,” Savath told thePhnom Peng Post in April. “I depend on food offered by the people, so their suffering is like mine and I have to share it with them.”

Nearly a third Cambodia’s remaining primary forest, considered the most biodiverse and carbon dense of forests, is thought to be in Prey Lang. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) around 330,000 hectares of primary forest survived in Cambodia in 2005. The government hasn’t released recent figures. However, the last two decades has seen many of Cambodia’s forests decimated: 22 percent of the nation’s forest has been lost since 1990. Ubiquitous illegal logging, rapid development, and a booming population have all contributed to the decline in Cambodia’s forests.

Recently Cambodia’s Prime Minister, Hun Sen, addressed the issue of forest clearance for rubber while speaking to university students.

“Rubber is at a good price, but it is [wrong] for us to cut down the high trees to plant rubber. We can protect the forest to help reduce climate change.”

However, the Prime Minister not long after signed over 9,000 hectares of Vereak Chey National Park for conversion to rubber plantations despite it being a protected area.

A public forum on the fate of Prey Lang forest is being conducted today with local communities. Villagers plan to attend the forum dressed as avatars.

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