Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Archive for the ‘Nepal News’ Category

Nepal: Government Forms Land Reform Commission

Posted by n3wday on December 21, 2008

nepal-landless-childThis article was published by Nepal News.

Govt forms Land Reform Commission

The government has formed high-level Land Reform Commission headed by Haribol Gajurel, a Maoist leader.

A meeting of the Council of Ministers today decided to form the seven-member commission. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 2 Comments »

Nepal: Maoists stand up for LGBTQ rights

Posted by n3wday on December 20, 2008

A blue diamond society pride march in Nepal

A blue diamond society pride march in Nepal

Thanks to the Maoist Revolution elist for sending this out.

Nepal Maoists to stand up for gay rights in UNDecember 11th, 2008 –

Kathmandu, Dec 11th Nepal’s ruling Maoist party, which till a year ago regarded homosexuality as a threat to a future socialist society, will strike a blow for gay rights at the UN later this month, marking a sea-change in the organisation that took up arms to seize power. Nepal’s first Maoist Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal Prachanda, has asked the foreign ministry and Nepal’s ambassador to the UN to support a statement that will be tabled at the UN General Assembly this
month recognising human rights violations on sexual orientation and gender identity.

Prachanda, whose once banned party waged a 10-year peoples war on the state to end the monarchy, renewed his commitment to gay rights Wednesday to a delegation led by Nepal’s only publicly gay lawmaker Sunil Babu Pant.

The prime minister’s office also gave the delegation a copy of the order issued by it Monday, asking the appropriate ministries to support the gay rights statement in the UN initiated by France and supported by a core group of eight more nations, including Japan, the Netherlands and Norway. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | 2 Comments »

The Politics of Nepal’s Borders and Its Powerful Neighbors

Posted by onehundredflowers on December 14, 2008

nepal_border

This article first appeared in Asia Times.

China sends jitters to India through Nepal

By Dhruba Adhikary

KATHMANDU – Political and economic dynamics might have changed beyond recognition in the past half-century, but geographical reality appears to be something even Nepal’s nuclear-powered neighbors are unable to gloss over. One remains apprehensive about the possible maneuvers from the other, drawing indications through a small neighbor which happens to share borders with both China and India. 

An evolving scenario in this part of Asia reminds analysts of the catchy title of a book an Indian journalist, Girilal Jain, wrote in 1959: India meets China in Nepal. The book was written in an era when Nepal did not have even one road link with China’s Tibet. The situation has undergone a sea-change over time, with alternative overland routes and air services developing between the two countries.

Visitors do come to Kathmandu from the south as well as from the north. But since regulations pertaining to passports and visas are incredibly simple for Indians, their numbers are bound to be higher than those of the visitors from China, who are required to fulfill numerous formalities. 

Besides, those coming from China (including Tibet) are distinct because of their attire and language, and therefore are easily recognizable. In other words, their presence in the capital city and elsewhere in the country becomes conspicuous even if their faces and physical features somewhat resemble those of Nepalis living in the settlements on the foothills of the Himalayan mountains. 

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News, Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

CPN(M) National Convention: Line Differences Past and Present

Posted by irisbright on December 13, 2008

Magnus Thierfelder

Magnus Thierfelder

From the Opinions section of Red Star #19.  This article was originally titled “National convention : beginning the great debate“.

This article is one of several from Red Star on the National Convention, a major meeting on the future of the revolution in Nepal.   We are publishing these overviews of the CPN(M) National Convention to better understand the path forward of the Nepali Maoists.  This particular article outlines past and present line differences within the CPN(M).

by Indra Mohan Sigdel ‘Basanta’

(December 1, 2008)  The Nepalese People’s Revolution is now at a crucial juncture, full of opportunities and challenges. On the one hand, the possibilities are so great that the party’s success to develop a scientific ideological and political line consistent with the present objective condition could lead the Nepalese people’s revolution to a victorious accomplishment. And also, it could be a new opening of the world proletarian revolution in the beginning of the twenty-first century. While on the other hand, its failure to do so would lead to a disastrous consequence leading to an extensive demoralisation of the oppressed classes not only in Nepal but the world over. Therefore, in short, the recent National Convention of our party, the CPN (Maoist), has had an international dimension.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

CPN(M) National Convention: A Glimpse at Inner Party Democracy

Posted by irisbright on December 12, 2008

nepal-maoist-flagsFrom the Opinions section of Red Star #19.  This article was originally titled “Historic national convention : a milestone of revolution”.

This article is one of several from Red Star on the National Convention, a major meeting on the future of the revolution in Nepal.   We are publishing these overviews of the CPN(M) National Convention to better understand the path forward of the Nepali Maoists.  This particular article gives an interesting overview of inner party democracy, and how the CPN(M) approaches ideological struggle.

by Dharmendra Bastola

The historic National Convention of the glorious vanguard of the proletariat, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has been accomplished successfully. This convention was held at Kharipati of Bhaktapur on 21-27 of November 2008.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 3 Comments »

Prachanda Threatens to Pull Out of Nepal Govt

Posted by Mike E on December 11, 2008

nepal_01Nepal PM threatens party pullout

By Charles Haviland
BBC News, Kathmandu

Prachanda’s Maoists came to power after a 10-year insurgency Nepal’s Maoist Prime Minister Prachanda has threatened to pull his party out of the government if the main opposition does not co-operate more.

Prachanda said the Nepali Congress was breaching agreements.

He also blamed “some foreign elements”, among others, for hampering his government, which was formed nearly four months ago.
The Maoist party came to power through the ballot box, following 10 years of insurrection in the country.

Stinging rebukes

Only in Nepal, perhaps, would the governing party threaten to launch a “struggle” and a “revolt”.

It seems that, like often before, Prachanda is speaking with one eye on party hardliners who have recently made clear their ideological differences with him; and the other on ordinary Maoist workers.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Nepali Maoists’ National Convention: Sharp Differences Without a Party Split

Posted by irisbright on December 11, 2008

NEPAL-ELECTION-VOTE-MAOISTFrom the Report section of Red Star #19.  This article was originally titled “National convention paves the way“.

This article is one of several from Red Star on the National Convention, a major meeting on the future of the revolution in Nepal.   We are publishing these overviews of the CPN(M) National Convention to better understand the path forward of the Nepali Maoists.  This particular article focuses on party unity.

* * * * *

“Most of the cadres who had spent several years in armed struggle during decade long People’s War had serious concerns about the working-policy of the party.”

“The leaders came up with a single document that carried the slogan ‘Peoples Federal Democratic National Republic’.”

* * * * *

by Dipak Sapkota

KHARIPATI, BHAKTAPUR — The ‘People’s Federal Democratic National Republic’ is now the working policy of Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The six-day long national convention of the party concluded on Nov. 26, and decided on the new policy, which in short can also be called the ‘Republic of the People’. The party went through very intensive inner struggle but, at the end, the party came out more united and galvanised.

The convention was held in Kharipati, about 15 KM from Kathmandu city. Roughly 1100 regional bureau level cadres from all 13 state committees and party central advisers took part.

‘Don’t dream of a split’

Inaugurating the convention on Nov. 21, among a throng of local and international journalists, the Party Chairman and Prime Minister of Nepal Prachanda said that he had a different feeling from previous occasions. He further added that the convention will send tremors to the ‘enemies’ who dreamt that Maoists are going to split.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Maoist Info Minister on People’s Republic

Posted by Mike E on December 3, 2008

May Day 2008

May Day 2008

The following report appeared on Democracy and Class Struggle. The original title was “Maoists determined to establish people’s republic: Mahara.”

Minister for Information and Communications Krishna Bahadur Mahara on Thursday said that his party is firmly determined to propel the country towards the path of people’s republic.

According to media reports, Mahara, who is also a senior leader of the CPN (Maoist), made the remark while talking to journalists at a programme held in Pokhara.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 3 Comments »

Nepal: ‘Plain Living’ codes for Maoist Politicians

Posted by n3wday on December 2, 2008

74485815_12f37e6035_bAs Maoists entered the capital Kathmandu and took up leading posts in society, there were criticisms from the ranks of their party that some cadre seemed to be adopting the lifestyle and culture of urbanize politicos (who are hated for their corruption and isolation from the people). Mao described the communist style as “plain living, hard struggle.” This article was published by Nepal News.

Maoists introducing ‘codes for simple living’ for their CA members

The Maoists are introducing code of ethics detailing ‘simple lifestyle’ for its Constituent Assembly (CA) members, reports Kantipur daily.

The daily reports that the codes include restriction on spending in mobile phones, vehicles and clothes.

Henceforth, the Maoist CA members would not be permitted to buy mobile sets worth over Rs 10,000. While central committee members will be allowed to keep three sets, the CA members will have to keep not more than two sets.
Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Prachanda: We Must Pause and Ponder Our Next Move

Posted by n3wday on November 24, 2008

prachanda

This article was published by the Red Star.

We have the ability to bring about change for the better

by Puspha Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’

We Nepali people have made a great political change after a decade long People’s War (PW) and a historic popular movement of 2006. This change has become possible after forging alliance among the three political forces of CPN (Maoist), the Seven Party Alliance and the Civil Society. We need to continue this alliance until a new constitution is drafted and New Nepal is built.

Basically, the issue of development, democracy and peace, that is, the theme of this conference, are intricately linked. In the absence of one, the other two cannot be realized. Without democracy, we cannot dream of development and peace. Democracy must include participation, representation, accountability, transparency, responsiveness and unity of the people. In fact, these are the pillars for democracy to institutionalize and sustain. Likewise, development ensures prosperity and people’s progress, which eventually contribute to strengthening democracy as well as sustainable peace. We all know that a peaceful environment is a pre-requisite for democracy to flourish and development to occur.

Asia witnessed an unparalleled rise of democratic and nationalist governments through the 1940s to 60s. The European colonial regimes, which perpetuated systematic exploitation of human and natural resources in most of the countries in the region, were overthrown by the upsurge of national liberation movements across the region. The success of anti-colonial movements in the region generated high hopes among the working class and expectations for a rapid change in their social and economic lives. However, those newly established nationalist regimes failed to initiate development, consolidate democracy and provide socio-economic empowerment to their citizens which had eroded their popular support bases and credibility rapidly. As a consequence, many elected regimes in various countries of the Asia Pacific region were replaced by the authoritarian and military dictators. People in many Asian countries including Nepal are trapped in a vicious circle of injustice, underdevelopment and poverty. Due to the feudal system and an exploitative international financial and capitalist system, they could not achieve proper economic growth and productivity.
Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | 3 Comments »

Samir Amin: We Need a New Communist International

Posted by irisbright on November 24, 2008

samirThis interview originally appeared in Red Star #18 as ‘We need a new international’. Prof. Samir Amin is major revolutionary thinker with dozens of major works over forty years exploring deeply the development and crimes of international capitalism. He was interviewed by Roshan Kissoon and Chandra.

Can you tell us about yourself briefly and your views on Marxism?

I qualify myself as an activist, maybe an intellectual activist. My whole active life was deeply connected with the liberation movements in Africa during the late 40’s, 50’s and 60’s and the after; that is roughly I could say the Bandung period, starting from 1955. That struggle has changed more than any other struggle, possibly, in the last 50 years.

I was and I am an economist and therefore also a Marxist. And, I don’t recognize the qualification of neo-Marxist. I consider a Marxist as starting from Marx but not stopping at Marx. That is considering that Marx thought, laid the foundations for understanding how to analyze and how to change the world. And in that the long history, as of Marx I consider that of course Lenin and especially Mao wrote and made fundamental contributions for understanding how to change the world, taking into account the fact that imperialism has divided the world into centers and peripheries. And, created the polarization at a global level and deepened it from one period to the other. And the question of the long transition to socialism had to be dealt with in a very different way from the Eurocentric, workers vision; the traditional vision of the 3rd international.

That is about myself; I’m currently the chair for the World Forum for Alternatives. Which is a network bringing together thinkers of the world from all regions of the world, north and south, whose qualifications are to be anti-capitalist, anti-imperialist, of course, but anti-capitalist more than that, however, in a non-sectarian way. i.e. admitting variety of visions of what are the efficient strategies of moving ahead beyond capitalism.

In your book “The Future of Maoism” you exchange polemics with Indian Marxist V. Nandy on Marxism. Tell us something about this:

You see, the main challenge which has been probably to raise the things overlooked in what I call historical Marxism i.e. Marxism as understood by Marx. The main weakness of that historical Marxism is that it has not ever considered the consequences of the very fact that capitalism in its global expansion from the very start, because capitalism from the beginning tended to be a global system, has created the polarization of the dominant centers and dominated periphery. And that, from periods, of course, the imperialist reality has itself changed from period to period in the sense that the way it used to be defined, it has operated, has changed from place to place. That the fact is, that polarization has continuously been created, recreated and deepened from one period to another. That fundamental fact was overlooked. I think that Marx, because he was really an exceptional person, had a feeling of that reality; however, not much more than that.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News, Uncategorized | 13 Comments »

Agrarian Revolution: Radical Cooperative Movements & Nepali People’s War

Posted by irisbright on November 24, 2008

nepaalThis interview originally appeared in Red Star #18 as ‘Co-operative movement within people’s war in Nepal’.

by Thakur Prasad Devkota

The historical initiation of the People’s war (PW) in Nepal brought drastic changes in social, cultural, economic and political aspects. In the international communist movement that initiation adds an important step to build and develop the ideology in communist international. This article is about the “co-operative movement within people’s war” in Nepal during the war period. When the CPN (Maoist) planned and proclaimed the “establishment the base area”, people and party cadre became aware of co-operatives. Co-operative management and mass-mobilization is the major part of the PW in Nepal. To manage the red army, war preparation, weapon management, war-wounded treatment, feeding, clothing etc. were the major tasks of the base area. The major works to do in this area were:

1. Service and Production

2. Management

3. Construction and

4. Security.

To meet these challenges without the mobilization of the people was not possible. Therefore, to meet these challenges, CPN (Maoist) planned to organize and mobilize the people collectively.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Two Armies Under a Single Command

Posted by Sole on November 23, 2008

This article originally appeared on The Red Star.

On The Question of Army Integration

by Maheshwar Dahal

Anti-people powers inside and outside the country have not taken the important issue of army integration seriously.

The question of the integration of the PLA and the NA must be seen from a political point of view. The first thing is that the concrete achievement of the FDR (federal democratic republic)  was achieved through the Peoples War by the Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) and the PLA has been established as the principal power to address the political, economic and cultural causes of the revolution.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Biplap on Differences Among Nepali Maoists

Posted by n3wday on November 22, 2008

scales_of_justice
This article originally appeared in The Red Star

The differences of opinion within our party

By Netra Bikram Chand ‘Biplap’ (central committee member of CPN (Maoist).

We should say honestly that there is a difference of opinion on how to accomplish the Nepalese Revolution. Mainly, the difference of opinion is about the party line, political program and tactics in our party. This clearly justifies that a serious u-turn has occurred before the Nepalese Revolution. The responsibility of carrying the revolution ahead successfully has fallen upon the shoulders of the revolutionary communists of Nepal and the revolutionary communists of the world. We all should direct our attention to it.

1) The difference of opinion on political program:

The main bone of contention is whether the party should advance ahead for People’s Republic or stay in the stage of democratic republic. In our central committee meeting held from 4 to 6 October 2008, Party Chairman, Comrade Prachanda put forward a program to remain in the Democratic Republic. His spoken proposal pointed out the necessity of the tactics of democratic republic; there is no favorable situation to advance into the People’s Republic. On the contrary, he pointed out the need to synthesize the ideology based on the achievements gained up until democratic republic. After the proposal of Com. Prachanda, Com. Kiran disagreed with the program of democratic republic, and put forward a written proposal for a People’s Republic. Com. Kiran proposed that the appropriateness of the democratic republic is over and the party should advance ahead towards the People’s Republic.

We must understand some of the aspects that the declared and authentic political program of our party was from the beginning a new People’s Democracy. According to the validity of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, the central question of the People’s War is to achieve people’s state power and that is the new people’s power. This objective has not changed until now. An interesting aspect is that the Nepali Congress (NC) and the Unified Marxist and Leninist (UML) are more active in the operation of the state than during the period of the monarchy, when the PW began. The Parliamentarians carried out barbaric repressions against us. Viewed from this aspect, the People’s War was against even the multiparty parliamentary system. Our slogan was, “Let’s not remain under the illusion of parliamentary system! Let’s prepare for a new people’s democratic revolution!”
Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News, Teach-in Materials | 4 Comments »

Nepal: Ending Caste Inequality & Ethnic Discrimination

Posted by Sole on November 22, 2008

Dalit people refused entry to a public temple (ICCN)

Dalit people refused entry to a public temple (ICCN)

This article originally appeared in The Red Star

Struggle: The Identity Of Dalit People

by Santoshi Bishwakarma

The Nepalese People’s War (PW) is an important turning point in the history of the Nepalese Communist movement. Actually, a new era began after its initiation. There has never been such mass awareness and the participation of the people. Never have so many tribes, communities, castes, dalits, gender, region and the marginalized ever come into power.

The PW has brought so many changes in the lives of all people in the country. They all have started honourable lives in the society where before they used to be treated without any respect or dignity. Before the PW, the life of dalit people was miserable and poor. Dalits had to spend their lives in awful conditions despite the fact that they possess skill, efficiency, art and professionalism. Dalit women had to bear torture and harassment in the society.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 1 Comment »

 
Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 107 other followers