Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for June 19th, 2008

Tensions rise over power sharing agreement

Posted by n3wday on June 19, 2008

These two articles first appeared on Nepal News and follow the growing tensions between the CPN(M) and the Nepali Congress / UML over the key questions of who holds the seats of Prime Minister and President, and on the integration of the PLA and NA.

No breakthrough in three-party talks

The meeting of the three major parties – CPN (Maoist), Nepali Congress (NC) and CPN (UML) – held in Baluwatar Tuesday evening has ended inconclusively.

According to Maoist leader Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’, power sharing, selection of the president and army integration were the main sticking points in today’s discussion, which the leaders had earlier claimed would be decisive. He said the CPN (M) reiterated its stance on those issues while NC leaders refused to soften their position vis-à-vis their seven ‘preconditions’ [for alliance with the Maoists].

The three parties have agreed to again meet in Baluwatar at 8:00 am tomorrow, ahead of the meeting of the Constituent Assembly (CA).
Read the rest of this entry »

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Seeking truth about Nepal from facts

Posted by n3wday on June 19, 2008

This information originally appeared in the CIA World Factbook

Background

In 1951, the Nepalese monarch ended the century-old system of rule by hereditary premiers and instituted a cabinet system of government. Reforms in 1990 established a multiparty democracy within the framework of a constitutional monarchy. A Maoist insurgency, launched in 1996, gained traction and threatened to bring down the regime, especially after a negotiated cease-fire between the Maoists and government forces broke down in August 2003. In 2001, the crown prince massacred ten members of the royal family, including the king and queen, and then took his own life. In October 2002, the new king dismissed the prime minister and his cabinet for “incompetence” after they dissolved the parliament and were subsequently unable to hold elections because of the ongoing insurgency. While stopping short of reestablishing parliament, the king in June 2004 reinstated the most recently elected prime minister who formed a four-party coalition government. Citing dissatisfaction with the government’s lack of progress in addressing the Maoist insurgency and corruption, the king in February 2005 dissolved the government, declared a state of emergency, imprisoned party leaders, and assumed power. The king’s government subsequently released party leaders and officially ended the state of emergency in May 2005, but the monarch retained absolute power until April 2006. After nearly three weeks of mass protests organized by the seven-party opposition and the Maoists, the king allowed parliament to reconvene in April 2006. Following a November 2006 peace accord between the government and the Maoists, an interim constitution was promulgated and the Maoists were allowed to enter parliament in January 2007. The peace accord calls for the creation of a Constituent Assembly to draft a new constitution. The Constituent Assembly elections, twice delayed, were held 10 April 2008. The Assembly will meet for the first time on 28 May 2008.

Location:
Southern Asia, between China and India
Geographic coordinates:
28 00 N, 84 00 E

Map references:
Asia

Area:
total: 147,181 sq km
land: 143,181 sq km
water: 4,000 sq km Read the rest of this entry »

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