Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Red Star #10: New Antagonism in the Anti-Feudal Revolution

Posted by Mike E on June 22, 2008

This is the lead editorial in the Red Star (June 16-30). It speaks directly to the change in Nepal — and says that with the overthrow of the Nepali Monarchy the main target of the revolution has become the parliamentary forces headed by the Nepali Congress party. and that in order to complete the anti-feudal revolution they must be defeated. This is described as “the new antagonism” — and has important strategic implications for what happens now in Nepal. It is clear from this article that the authors do not consider this stage of the revolution completed.

EDITORIAL: The New Antagonism

The implementation of the Republic and the abolition of the monarchy have brought great changes to this country. The change in the ideological superstructure of the nation, mainly in the government, can be seen clearly. The removal of the monarchy as a political force has changed the antagonism in Nepali politics.

After the abolition of the monarchy, the three way antagonism or contradiction between the progressive, the parliamentary and the royalist forces has now changed into a dualistic antagonism. However, this doesn’t mean that feudalism has ended completely; rather, the struggle has changed form. In the new form of the antagonism, the representatives of feudalism have also taken a new guise. Therefore, the struggle must continue against feudalism even though the monarchy has ended. Let us be clear, the class composition of the politics of the country has changed; the vestiges of feudalism are now represented by the extreme reactionary wing of the bourgeoisie, the comprador-bureaucra tic capitalists. Therefore, the progressive forces must unite against the new representatives of feudalism; the comprador capitalists. The struggle between the CPN-Maoist and the parliamentary parties, mainly the Nepali Congress, represents this struggle at the political level.

Feudalism has not eradicated entirely, and the Federal Democratic Republic has not been implemented fully. This type of transitional period is extremely sensitive and critical. The change in contradiction may seem confusing. But this is a period of polarization.

Agreement, understanding and working with the bourgeoisie is proving very difficult. Because of the changing political situation, the extreme reactionary right will fight against the interests of the masses. Why? Quite simply, the people will continue the campaign to abolishing feudalism. After the political victory, there must be economic progress and socio-cultural transformation. This type of progressive transformation is against the extreme reactionary bourgeois interests. So, it is necessary to work with the progressive liberal bourgeoisie to struggle against the extremist bourgeois reactionaries. In the present context of Nepal, the struggle against the extreme bourgeois reactionaries is the struggle against the last vestiges of feudalism and the comprador- bureaucratic capitalists.

3 Responses to “Red Star #10: New Antagonism in the Anti-Feudal Revolution”

  1. nickglais said

    The New Antagonism and Security Council
    The seven party meeting held in Baluwatar, Sunday, ended inconclusively, after NC’s demand for including a member of opposition in the make-up of security council was turned down by the Maoists.

    This reflects this new antagonism at the political level which is examined in the article from CPN Maoist Paper Red Star.

    I have posted the New Antagonism on a number of sites for discussion. Thanks for bringing it to our attention.

  2. JJM+ said

    Glad to hear this. I don’t know much else to say.

    I mean, there are those “left” critics that say the Maoists are on the revisionist road for joining the government, but here we clearly see that the Maoists understand the nature of the government, Nepali conditions, and what needs to be done to move forward.

    I know they have no illusions about implementing their radical programs within the framework of the parliament. I hope that the Maoists continue on the correct road and understanding.

  3. Lost_Artemio said

    The CPN M’s political strategy- was to first split the parlimentary parties from the monarchy, and now to divide the parties and split the outright representatives of feudalism from those that consistently compromise with the feudal class (the NC and UML respectively). The “left” critics are either unaware of this strategy, they conveintly ignore it, or they portray the unity that is forged with these class representatives along the way in the worst possiable light. This “divide the enemy camp, unify the progressive/revolutionary forces” strategy has been CPN M’s stated intent since well before the CA elections. I understand being cautious and wary of the dangers along this road- because along the way CPN M not only influences these other forces, these other forces can also exert an influence on CPN M. My read on the “revolution and compromise” article is that these other forces have exerted this influence, the leadership of CPN M is aware of it, and is combatting it in the ranks.
    I don’t understand rushing to judgment, and hastily placing CPN M in the “revisionist” camp- for practicing this divide/unify strategy. Has there ever been a succesful rev. that didn’t apply this? Can we really expect a situation, anywhere in the world, where the forces of the revolution have a clear majority mobilized directly under a communist banner & committed to the long haul of socialist transition- at the time of the seizure of power? If revolutionaries sit around and wait for a moment like this, they will sit around and wait forever, because it’s not going to arrive.
    There are alot of romantic accounts of the Bolshevicks that more or less portray things, like- The Bolshevicks had a critical majority and mobilized and acted in the interests of like 90% of the population to give a final push to topple the crumbling Czar in a state of extended crisis. There is some truth that the Bolshevicks were able to garner this critical mass and seize power- under the program of bread, land, and peace to topple the czar and seize power. There was not however a critical mass that was thouroughly united for the long haul of a fully communist program.
    The CPN M- in my opinion- is a vangaurd force that is committed for this long haul. They are operating with a strategy, politically divide the enemy/unify the ranks. Event’s unfolding these past few weeks- are thier attempt to apply this.
    While things are still in a state of deadlock- it appears CPN M has split the camp of the enemy, has split the NC from the UML.

    See: UML-Maoists come closer; agree to move ahead together

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