Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for November, 2008

Mazumdar: The Indian People’s Democratic Revolution

Posted by irisbright on November 15, 2008

mazumdar“The Indian People’s Democratic Revolution'”was originally published in the Selected Works of Charu Mazumdar [Liberation, 1968]. This piece appears on the Marxists Internet Archive. It was originally written by Charu Mazumdar in June 1969, after helping to initiate the great Naxalbari uprising and a few years before he died under torture at the hands of the Indian police. Thanks to Behrooz Navaii for suggesting this article to us.

by Charu Mazumdar

The victory of the People’s Democratic Revolution in this country of 500 million people will lead to the inevitable collapse of world imperialism and revisionism.

The People’s Democratic Revolution in this country can be led to a victorious end only in opposition to all the imperialist powers of the world. Particularly, we shall have to reckon with U. S. imperialism, the leader of world imperialism. U. S. imperialism has not only adopted all the aggressive features of prewar Germany, Italy and Japan, but has further developed them to a great extent. It has extended its aggressive activities to all corners of the globe and has enmeshed India in its neocolonialist bondage. The Vietnamese people are in the forefront of the struggle against this aggressive imperialism, which is raging in the countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America. The victorious Indian revolution will destroy this imperialist monster.

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Posted in India Background | 1 Comment »

Bhattarai: Speech on Nepal’s Government Planning

Posted by n3wday on November 15, 2008

NEPAL-ELECTIONS/MAOISTS

This article appeared on Neil’s Nepal.

The New Federal Budget from Baburam Bhatterai

This (alternate) is the PDF version of the first Budget Speech of Maoist Finance Minster, Baburam Bhattarai. It’s far to large to repost on this site.

I must say that it’s a strange feeling reading the distinct analytical style of Baburam Bhattarai in an official government document, after becoming accustomed to it in underground sources. Memories from pouring over his PHD thesis in college come gushing back. Whatever ones opinion of his politics, this man is without a doubt the best intellect Nepal has to offer. This is a must read for anybody wishing to understand Nepal’s new direction.

Excerpts of Note:

30. The Government is committed to honoring the citizens who lost their lives, and were made disappeared during the armed conflict, and to providing relief to the families who lost their soul-mates. The families affected in such a way will be initially provided a lump-sump financial aid at the rate of Rs. 100 thousand each. Likewise, scholarships will be provided for the education of the children of those who lost their lives. I have allocated Rs. 1 billion 500 million solely for this purpose.

32. I have earmarked Rs. 12 million for the development of Living Together (SAHAJIVAN) Settlements to the families of internally displaced due to the armed conflict.

34. The outstanding monthly allowances of the Maoist People’s Liberation Army Combatants as per the agreement will be made available immediately. Now onwards, I have made a provision to distribute monthly allowances regularly. For this, I have allocated the necessary amount.
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Posted in Nepal Background | 2 Comments »

First Hand Account: People’s War in India, Part 1

Posted by irisbright on November 14, 2008

naxal5This is a first hand account of how Naxalite fighters live in India. It was originally titled: “Karl and the Kalishnakov: Notes from the diary of Chindu Sreedharan, who spent 82 hours with the People’s War guerillas [in 1998]” Though this piece is ten years old, it gives a sense of the movement grouping among India’s oppressed. The photos are original to the article. This is part one. Part two can be found here. Thanks to Behrooz Navaii for sharing this article with us.

By Chindu Sreedharan

As our vehicle carries me past Chandrapur, right into the heart of Naxal country, I know what to expect in the coming few days. I would be walking the sweltering Dandakaranya jungles in the company of the banned People’s War Group guerrillas, surviving on what the tribals can get us past police eyes and running the risk of malaria. If it rained, I would be wading through leech-filled sucking slush. And sleeping in the open on plastic sheets, an easy prey for any snake or centipede that cares to crawl my way.

As bonus, I stand a good chance of getting shot by the cops. Or, if more fortunate, catching the wrong end of their rifle right in my face.

Yet, all I can feel is exhilaration.

Days later, as I write this in Bombay, soothing my arms that have become a mass of mosquito bites, I can feel the adrenalin pumping. My fingertips tingle as they rush over the keyboard. Is being on the wrong side of the law always so thrilling?

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Posted in India Background | 1 Comment »

First Hand Account: People’s War in India, Part 2

Posted by irisbright on November 14, 2008

naxal13This is a first hand account of how Naxalite fighters live in India. It was originally titled: “Karl and the Kalishnakov: Notes from the diary of Chindu Sreedharan, who spent 82 hours with the People’s War guerillas [in 1998]” The photos are original to the article. This is part two. Part one can be found here. Thanks to Behrooz Navaii for sharing this article with us.

By Chindu Sreedharan

July 25: Women make better guerillas than men

Up at 0530 hours after a miserable night. It was a false alarm. Though we hadn’t had to flee, and had even got food, sleep was a commodity which none of us managed enough. The mosquito repellent failed me completely. And it was a sticky hot night to boot.

We are to trek to a safe place, about 40 minutes away, shortly. There we would stay for the next two days.

I learn something more about jungle life this morning: here everything, even an empty plastic bag, is invaluable.

Off to answer the second call of nature, I am handed my ration of water in a plastic bag. I walk into the bushes, clutching its mouth close and praying the water won’t ooze out before I finish. Fortunately, it doesn’t. But I commit a cardinal sin: I toss the bag away after I finish! The only excuse I can offer for my thoughtlessness is that I was somewhat hurried in my exercise by the undue interest of a cowherd, whose presence I discovered very, very late in the proceeding.

Vishwanath’s face falls as I return empty-handed.

Isse bina idhar kaam nahin chalta, bhaiyya (We can’t do the job without this),” he tells me. Chastened, I walk back to the camp, promising myself never to be so stupid again.

The morning also teaches me another lesson: that it takes no effort to get lost in this jungle. You think you know where you are going, but you don’t. On my way back after the unfortunate encounter, I wander off in a direction which I think is right — and nearly stumble on G.

“Hey, where do you think you are going?” comes his panicked shout from behind some bushes, “The camp is that way!”

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Posted in India Background | 1 Comment »

CPN(M)’s Plans for a New Nepal

Posted by n3wday on November 9, 2008

summer_flowersThis article was published on Neil’s Nepal. Original title: “Maoist’s New Nepal: Industrial Capitalism in the Name of Socialism.”

by Bishnu Pathak and Neil Horning

The reactions to the budget from the nation’s policymakers and critics are often guided by four motives. Those who made the budget in the past regard it as imbalanced and untenable and heap praise on their own budget. Others who suffered defeat in the CA polls from the Maoists are scared of the perpetual marginalization that stares them in the face and wish to see their Maoist rivals failing and faltering on all fronts and to stand thus vindicated. Another group of intellectuals, those affiliated to political parties other than the Maoist, appear inordinately critical in expounding their techno-statistical expertise on the budget and dub it as overtly ambitious and populist. The Maoists and the intellectual professionals close to them, however, claim the budget as a historical document, regarding it to be achievable, pro-poor, and growth-oriented, and blame their critics as feudal-minded. The donors, in general, remain neutral, at present, and the people are waiting for the budget to deliver in the field. For, that is where its ultimate test will lie.

“Ambition is imperative for launching Nepal into a new era” stated Dr. Baburam Bhattarai, Finance Minister, as he presented a total Rs. 236.15 billion to the Constituent Assembly (CA) for the Fiscal Year 2008/09 on September 19, 2008; 45% up from the last budget. Recurrent expenditure, estimated at Rs. 128.51 billion, comprises more than half 54.41% of the total allocation, with capital expenditure at Rs. 91.31 billion or 38.66%. For repayment of loans, Rs.16.19 billion (6.85%) is allocated. This estimated expenditure will be higher than the total allocation of last year by 39.7% and 44.5 % more than the revised expenditure. Recurrent expenditure will be increased by 40.6 % and capital expenditure by 64.5 % compared to the revised expenditure. Principal payments will be decreased by 1% against the revised expenditure. Out of the total expenditure, Rs.111.82 billion (47.38%) is allocated for general administration and Rs. 124.19 billion (52.62%) for development programs. Of the estimated financing for the current year, Rs. 129.21 billion (54.72%) will be borne by current sources of revenue. Out of the total foreign assistance of Rs. 65.79 billion (27,86%), Rs. 47.93 billion (72.85%) shall be borne by foreign grants, and the remaining Rs. 18.7 billion (27.15) by foreign loans. There shall be a net budget deficit of Rs. 41.11 billion (17.4%) that will be covered by mobilizing both sources.

The first Maoist-led Government of Nepal clearly put the people at the center of their strategy to institutionalize the federal democratic republic, arrive at a logical conclusion to the peace process, accelerate the process of socio-economic transformation, achieve higher economic growth for geographical and regional balance, create social justice and employment opportunities, and provide relief to the people to lay the foundation of a self-reliant and independent economy, optimally relying on national capital and indigenous resources.

Priority policies and programs

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Posted in Nepal Background | 3 Comments »

Philippine Communists: Capitalist Crisis is Excellent Conditions for Revolution

Posted by n3wday on November 5, 2008

This article was sent out on the Maoist Revolution e-list.

Excellent conditions for revolutionary upsurge in the face of the worsening global capitalist crisis

Communist Party of the Philippines
October 15, 2008

The world capitalist system is undergoing a deepening recession that can only result in the massive destruction of productive forces and further concentration of capital in the hands of a few. This global economic malaise is now causing production slowdowns, massive job losses, worsening impoverishment and intensified exploitation and oppression of the proletariat and ordinary people in the capitalist centers, with even worse consequences for peoples in the Third World.

The bursting of the biggest financial bubble in history and the severest financial crisis since the Great Depression have already caused the collapse and subsumption of many of the largest banks and financial
institutions, the sweeping credit crunch, the continuing meltdown of stock markets and near paralyzation of other financial markets.

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Indian Maoists Forge New Alliance

Posted by irisbright on November 3, 2008

Revolutionary People's Front of Manipur

Indian Maoists forge new alliance

Maoists have a presence in 182 districts of India.

Maoist rebels in India and a leading separatist group in the country’s north-east have decided to work together, according to a statement. The rebels and the Revolutionary Peoples Front (RPF) of Manipur said
they would fight to “overthrow” India’s ruling regime.

The RPF is one of Manipur’s oldest separatist groups. It has an armed wing which attacks Indian security forces and punishes drug peddlers and woman traffickers. Formed in 1976, a number of RPF’s early leaders were trained in China.

A joint statement signed by S Gunen, the RPF secretary-general, and Comrade Alok of the underground Maoist party said they supported the “great Indian class struggle led by the Maoists against India’s semi-feudal, semi-colonial regime”. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has said the Maoist insurgency is the “single biggest threat” to India’s security.

Maoists have a presence in 182 districts of India

Maoists have a presence in 182 districts of India

They operate in 182 districts in India, mainly in the states of Jharkhand, Bihar, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and West Bengal.

The rebels say they are fighting for the rights of poor peasants and landless workers.

Posted in India News | 3 Comments »

Philippines New People’s Army Anti-Biofuels Campaign

Posted by n3wday on November 3, 2008

This article was published on Philippine Revolution.

Red Army’s anti-biofuels campaign continues

Dom Pantaleon
Pulang Mt. Talinis Front Command
New People’s Army-Southeastern Negros
October 28, 2008

The NPA will implement more preventive measure against private agri-business corporations like the Tamlang Valley Agricultural Development Corporation (TVADC) for worsening the food supply problem and causing numerous military abuses in southeast Negros.

Thus said Ka Dom Pantaleon, spokesperson of the NPA Pulang Mt. Talinis Front Command, as he announced yet another punitive action against the TVADC biofuels company mainly based in barangay Casalaan, Siaton, Oriental Negros.

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Posted in philippines news | 3 Comments »

Villagers in Jharkhand fight India’s anti-people policies

Posted by n3wday on November 2, 2008

This article was published on BiharandJharkhand.com.

Villagers in the state of Jharkhand continue to set the pace for India’s anti-displacement movement.

Tribals protest against Arcelor Mittal plant in Jharkhand, India
By Nityanand Shukla

RANCHI (Reuters) – Thousands of villagers marched in Jharkhand on Monday to protest against a proposed Arcelor Mittal steel plant, police said, the latest in a series of confrontations over industry on farmlands.

Armed with bows and sickles, the villagers, members of poor local tribes, held banners that said: “We need food, not steel”. They shouted slogans, swearing they would give up their lives but not their farmlands.

The world’s largest steelmaker is planning an $8.2 billion plant in the mineral-rich state, which it hopes to build over four years.

The company needs 11,000 acres (4,450 hectares) for the 12 million tonne plant and an industrial town. But angry villagers say they will not give up land for the project.

“We will not give an inch of land to Mittal steel,” Dayamani Barla, a protest leader, said. “We will further intensify our agitation, if the Mittals make any effort to grab our land.”

A company official in Ranchi, the state capital, said they were trying to defuse the situation by talking to villagers.
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Posted in India News | 2 Comments »

Anti-Displacement Activist Captured By Orissa Gov’t

Posted by irisbright on November 1, 2008

Abhay Sahoo

Abhay Sahoo

Kasama recieved the following statement. We are publishing it here for the information of our readers.

Demand the Immediate Release of People’s Leader Abhay Sahoo in Orissa, India

The International Campaign Against Forced Displacement and SEZs launched in June 2008 during the Third International Assembly of the International League of Peoples’ Struggle (ILPS) urgently call on all people’s movements, activists and allies to protest against the arrest of Abhaya Sahoo. Sahoo is President of POSCO Pratirodh Sangram Samiti (POSCO Resistance Struggle Committee), which has been leading the people’s movement against a big land grab in the state of Orissa by POSCO, a South Korean steel company. Sahoo was arrested on the evening of 12th October while undergoing treatment in a local hospital.

Villagers under the leadership of Abhaya Sahoo have rejected the government’s “development plan,” the first step of which is giving 4,000 acres of land to POSCO to build a huge steel plant and captive port that will displace 7 villages and 22,000 people. In addition to the farmers who will be displaced, thousands of fishermen and villagers in the port area will lose their livelihoods if this project goes ahead.

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The CPN(M) Debate: Revolution or Reform

Posted by irisbright on November 1, 2008

This is an opinion piece from RED STAR #17. It was originally titled: ‘The party debate : revolution or reform.’

“Criticism for criticism and creativity for creativity is not dialectics. This type of tradition that has developed within the communist parties of the world should be rejected and the dialectical process and method should be applied. We are sharing and ready to share the experiences and suggestions of comrades internationally; and give a new experience for the birth of a new proletarian world.

by Kul Prasad KC ‘Sonam’

Nepal is still in a semi-colonial and semi-feudal state. No drastic change has occurred; there can be no change in contradiction in the political situation until there is a fundamental change in the mode of production. Therefore, in this type of political situation, there are still the same solutions; national and sovereign independence against semi-colonial domination. So, this is the situation of the Democratic People’s Movement.

Only the monarchy, the leader of feudalism, has ceased to exist. However, the feudalistic mechanism still exists under a different color. In some places, it exists organizationally, institutionally and in some places through the ownership of land and capital. This is why there is not a change in its essence and in the character of the contradiction. Internationally, the world proletarian revolution is in the defensive position. It is natural. Now there is global hegemony in the world. The hegemony prevails in every sector of society.

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Posted in Nepal News | 3 Comments »