Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Red Star: Our Experence & Expectation With Transition

Posted by irisbright on December 22, 2008

jumperFrom the Opinions section of Red Star #19.

by  Rajan Prasad Pokhrel

When the elites of the world are speaking about peace, development and democracy, we are working hard on truce, talks and transitions. We have our own pains and sorrows, hopes and aspirations and dreams and desires. We are languishing here with a forlorn hope thinking that the top is much easy and the other side of the hill is full of strawberries and water- melons. With a hope of coming to an easy path, we fought against the tyranny and despotism of the feudal regime for more than sixty years. Sometimes it came openly out and sometimes played pawns from the back, but it ruled, it oppressed and suppressed all movements of freedom and growth. Every time we fought, failed or rested, we said that we are in the phase of transition. Through all these sixty years of our fights and movements, we have had transitions after transitions, transitions within transitions and every time when the transition too failed without the achievement of any significant change, we consoled ourselves by saying that the change is only the thing that is constant and permanent in this world, and nobody can stop it.

After the pro-people democratic movement in 2006, we have again been going through an important transitional period of history in Nepal. This time the transitional period is full of confusions, uncertainties, and, inconsistencies. The political atmosphere is hazy and indecisive. The road of politics is full of quick sands and quagmires. There are cliffs and ditches all around. Now we realize that despite few limitations and weaknesses, the ten years people’s war was a system, an order, and a solution to many problems of the people. The ten years’ people’s war had established people’s power, and it had the straight clashes with the old rotten feudal system. We came to a halt and negotiation at the point when people were very close to capture the political power for drastic changes in all existing political, economic, social and cultural structures. This time again people’s most powerful uprising was deceived. It could have been launched further to a wider road of freedom and democratic practices. In that case, it would have swept away all previous feudal connections and modes of productions.

Realizing the fact that the movement for drastic changes was obstructed by the mid-night negotiation between the king and the seven parliamentary parties, the CPN (Maoist) denounced it and declared that it was a deceit to the people. But soon it thought that it could still interfere into the system and power both from the base and superstructure. It came to the peace process on the basis of 12 point understanding that had been signed between the Maoist and the seven parliamentary parties. The CPN (Maoist) had to execute its tactics of the formation of interim government, arrangement of a national convention of all social and political forces, the election of the constituent assembly and the institutionalization of the republic. By all pressures the Maoists came victorious about achieving their tactical goal. Now with the highest number of CA members, the CPN (Maoist) is in the CA as well as in the leadership of the government. The goal of the constituent assembly is to build a new constitution and restructure the nation in the federal framework. The government has to facilitate and accelerate the process, and also has to provide relief to the people with peace, convenience and rapid development.

currently, we are at crossroads or at a convergence. There are various interest groups willing to take different roads. Some political forces want to divide the nation to several free countries. Some are willing to have their own self-governed federal states. Some parties want to continue the bourgeois-type of political system after building the constitution even without restructuring the nation. The CPN (Maoist) and its close allies want to reach a further stage democracy. These contradictions are leading us still more violent clashes, aren’t they?

The Maoists are in the peace process trying to integrate its PLA with the Nepali army for the formation of a new democratic national army but other forces are vehemently rejecting the idea by rejecting the spirit of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement. The task of the CA also is obstructed by minor issues, discussions and minor settlements. Now the question arises, “Where are we going?”

In Terai, the Pahade communities are displaced. In Jankpur municipality area only, it is said that two years ago there were more than 2500 Pahade families but now there are hardly five hundred, and in Rajbiarj there were more than 2000 and there are only about 600 families left by the threats and attacks of the armed Terai groups. In this situation how can these groups are tackled with?

The Nepali congress party has become almost mad at the loss of power and people’s support. It wants to launch movement to disturb the whole political process. The CPN (UML) too is not satisfied with the present exercises. The Madhesi and Teraian parliamentary parties are in the bargain. The CPN (Maoist) leaders too have been saying that their set of tactics has been successful and now they think that they have to move ahead to their strategic goals. In this context when no body is satisfied with the present situation, why not to go further ahead? The new people’s democratic republic will be the best solution because it will have broken all feudal connections and cleared the dirt of the remnants of old modes of productions and relations, but how can this stage of republic be achieved? Can the new tactics of the CPN (Maoist)- “People’s Federal Democratic National Republic” – be effectively applicable to gear up its speed to the higher elevation?

In this situation the politics of transition is quite challenging and problematic. The most important thing is to manage it. It requires courage and determination to face all those challenges. There are challenges as well as possibilities for building a new Nepal. Aren’t you ready for it? Now the politics of transition has to take a clear direction for its straightforward destination. When a bourgeois democracy cannot solve the people’s problems and many are discontent with what is going, we should be witty enough to take a road to a higher form of democracy. Let’s put a question to ourselves whether we are ready for a big political transformation or not? I assure you that we will definitely attain the state of peace, prosperity and the people’s democracy. This time we simply need courage to lead the present transition to the height of its success transferring the political power to the people for their maximum satisfaction. Okay?

Writer is a central committee member of Nepal National Intelletual’s Organization.

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