Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Red Star: Developing a Federal Structure

Posted by irisbright on February 27, 2009

This Red Star (Vol. 2, # 4) article was originally posted by Maoist Revolution Digest #1618.  It is being made available on Banned Thought.

How the conception of the federal Structure was developed ?

During People’s War, the then CPN-Maoist exercised the People’s Power in local level, middle and in the central level. Local People’s Powers were formed from ward to district level. These were called Village People’s Committees (power) and district People’s Committees. At that time, the concept of autonomous states with the right of self-determination was declared. Accordingly, the People’s Power was divided into 4 layers. From the bottom: village people’s Committee, district People’s committee, autonomous states and Revolutionary People’s Council in the centre.

The Federal State Structure was developed and applied instead of Unitary Feudalist State Power. These federal states were defined as caste and regional autonomous states. Under these caste and regional autonomous states, there were many other autonomous areas and even villages (units) within an autonomous state. Moreover, the castes like Dalit, Woman, and endangered were given special right.

Why state Re-structure?

We find mainly two models of the state structure implementing in the world: Unitary system and Federal system. Whether federal or unitary, it is the form of super structure, which has production-relation in its essence as the base. The socio-economic production-relation decides the form of its super structure.
Nepal is under the feudalistic mode of production since hundreds of years. This mode of production keeps the people in a tribe and tribal-production. It is a feudalistic mode of production. The same tribes bounded under the similar mode of production are known as nationalities. Unified Maoist Leader and Minister of Law and Justice Dev Gurung says if the production-relation had developed in a capitalistic way, the ‘nationalities’ would have been merged and advanced ahead towards the ‘nation’.

Therefore, to pave the way for nation building, the existing situation of nationalities should be addressed properly and scioentifically. They should be brought into a national unity by providing them the right of autonomy. Dev Gurung further says, “The nation remained ‘mono nationalities’ or ‘mono nation’, though the specialities of the country is still ‘multi-nationalities.’ The modality of federalism should provide autonomy on the base of nationalities. The re-structure of the state should be on the foundation of social unity created by the production-relation of the contemporary society in Nepal.

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