Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for July, 2009

India Maoists: Break the Chains of West Bengal’s Ruling Party

Posted by n3wday on July 20, 2009

CPI_Maoist_India_PLGA_soldiers_marchingThis article was published on the Times of India. Thanks to Ka Frank for pointing this out.

Our aim is to break CPM shackles: Maoist leader

18 Jun 2009, 0307 hrs IST, Sukumar Mahato, TNN

He is leading the Lalgarh offensive in West Midnapore district of West Bengal. Around 24 years old, he is a veteran in Maoist ranks, serving as zonal committee secretary of Communist Party of India (Maoist) for West Midnapore, Bankura and Purulia districts. Sukumar Mahato speaks to firebrand Maoist Bikash about his party’s plans:

What are your immediate plans?

Our aim is to break the shackles that the ruling CPM has put on the people of this area. For nearly two decades, the people have not reaped the so-called benefits of parliamentary democracy. Gradually, everything began to be controlled by CPM. Its leaders even had a say in marriages and other social and personal matters.

There are many leaders against whom FIRs are pending. The police have taken no action against them. We will punish them. Those who have spent money or used political connections to avoid justice will be tried by people’s courts. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

India: Red Flag Over Koraput Land Occupation

Posted by n3wday on July 19, 2009

CPI_maoist_marching_IndiaThis article was published in the Hindustan Times. Thanks to Ka Frank for pointing this out.

Red flag up in Koraput

Soumyajit Patnaik , Hindustan Times

Naxal-backed tribals in Orissa’s Koraput district on Tuesday forcibly reoccupied lands that non-tribals, local businessmen and other outsiders had cheated them of many years ago.

About 200 tribals, with red bandana-like pieces of cloth on their heads and wrists, marched into the rain-soaked agricultural fields in Koraput’s Narayanpatna block, 560 km southwest of Bhubaneswar, and started tilling them. Another group of 150 tribals, armed with swords, spears and other sharp-edged weapons stood guard.

The area of land occupied by the tribals could not be ascertained. Everyone was too scared to speak as Koraput is the heart of Naxal territory in Orissa. HT had first reported (Koraput headed the Lalgarh way on June 22) how the district administration is practically non-existent in some parts of this remote district and how local villagers now take their complaints and grievances to the Maoists.

A land loser, who spoke to HT on condition of anonymity out of fear of retribution, said: “The Maoists killed nine security personnel on June 18. When the police cannot defend themselves, how can they protect us?”

On June 18, the Maoists had completely cut off Narayanpatna block from the rest of the state by felling trees on the highways leading into it. They then killed nine personnel of the Orissa Special Strike Force, the elite anti-Naxal commando force, by triggering a powerful landmine when they approached the area to remove these felled trees. Read the rest of this entry »

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Bimal: Interview with “One of the Most Wanted Persons” in India

Posted by n3wday on July 18, 2009

maoist forces in IndiaThis is an interview with Bimal, a leader and Politburo member of the Communist Party of India (Maoist). It was conducted with  correspondents  The Times of India, April 27, 2009 and then published by People’s Truth.

WE WANT A SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PATH AND INCLUSIVE GROWTH TRAJECTORY THAT WON’T DIVEST THE POOR FROM THE FRUITS OF THEIR LABOR

You are one of the most wanted persons of the country. Even Left Front Chairman Biman Bose announced months ago that you have entered Bangal from Jharkhand. What made you come here?

(Smiles) I am not new to this terrain.

I first came to Bengal from Dandakaranya in 1995.. I have been to the villages in Lalgarh in West Midnapore in 1998. The Bengal-Jharkhand-Orissa (BJO) border zone, as well as North Bengal, has been our priority. North Bengal — which would give us access to the North-East, Bangladesh and Bhutan. But we chose the BJO because that is part of a contiguous forest cover spread over Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Bengal and Bihar.

I joined politics in my student days in Karimnagar College, North Telengans, from where I did my graduation in mathematics. Kondapelli Sitaramaiah was our political guru. We took military training from the LTTE in 1981.

Today our party has an uninterrupted presence in this 800-km corridor up to Bangriposi in Orissa, except of short patch of 30 km.

West Bengal has been a traditional Left bastion for decades. What made you concentrate on this state?

Bankura, Purulia and West Midnapore are three of the most backward districts of the state.

Our organizers have been working in these areas since long. We have some organizers in Mayurbhanj and East Singhbhum as well. What I find unique in Bengal is the hegemony of political parties.

True, there are no big landlords here as in Andhra Pradesh. But here political leaders have turned oppressors. Earlier, it was the Congress, and now it is the Communist Party (Marxist) (CPM). Power-hungry CPM leaders – some of them even coming from Dalit or poverty-stricken families – are now disowning their roots. They have become lackeys of the state machinery and are controlling everything from business to social institutions. They are social fascists.

[Note: the CPM is a government party in West Bengal, and despite its communist name has been active in violently repressing both the people and revolutionary activity there. “Social-fascist” means that they are socialist in name, but fascist in reality. The CPM is one of the main oppressive forces here, and therefore a major target of the revolutionary efforts.]

Asim Mondal, who was killed in Bhulabheda, was a CPM leader-cum-timber trader. He used to decide prices of kendu leaf and was also raising a force against us. It’s the same with others. The villages and villagers’ lives are under their control. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | Leave a Comment »

Revolution in India: Lalgarh’s Example Spreading?

Posted by n3wday on July 18, 2009

Maoists_PLGA_red_flag_CPI_Maoist_India

This article was published in the Hindustan Times, thanks to Ka Frank for pointing it out.

Koraput headed the Lalgarh way: Tribals look to Maoists for ‘liberation’

Soumyajit Pattnaik

Koraput, June 22, 2009

It’s a similar story, headed for a similar ending. Koraput, an under-developed Orissa district, has been cut off from the world for the last five days and looks in danger of becoming another area “liberated” by Maoists.

Like Lalgarh in West Bengal, before it was won back.

Dispossessed tribals on one side and alleged grabbers on the other are in the middle of a violent battle for land waging in Koraput, which is 560 km from Bhubaneshwar. And no prizes for guessing who is winning.

The administration exists on ground but only just. It has no clue as to how much land was lost by tribals and is able to only hazard a guess about how much has been reclaimed by them through peaceful or not-so-peaceful means.

The tribals don’t bring their complaints to the local administration any more. They go straight to organisations backed by the Maoists. In fact, the tribals are not complaining at all. They simply grab back what was grabbed from them.

“They come and hoist a red flag in our agricultural land, signaling the end of our possession over it. I owned 11 acres of land. Now, I’m hiding in the houses of my relatives,” said Madhusudan Pondu, 72, of Balipeta village. Read the rest of this entry »

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Indian Establishment: Maoists Emerging as Their Biggest hreat?

Posted by n3wday on July 17, 2009

India_Naxalite_ak47_maoism

Interviews with Indian thinktanks of the ruling class reflect the advances of the revolutionary movement. This article was sent out on the Maoist Revolution e-list.

Maoists emerge as biggest threat

AFP/ New Delhi

In the past five years, Maoist rebels have emerged as the most potent threat to India ‘s internal stability and left the authorities groping for a response to their increasingly audacious attacks.

With an ambush last weekend that killed 30 police, the leftist insurgents demonstrated their ability to strike with apparent impunity and then melt back into their rural hideouts before anyone can react.

Their insurgency, which started as a peasant uprising in 1967, has spread to more than half of India’s 29 states and has been identified by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as the number one threat to domestic security.

Little is known about the movement’s shadowy leadership based in the dense forests of Chhattisgarh state, or its cadre strength which is variously estimated at between 10,000 and 20,000.

As the years have passed, so have the rebels grown more brazen in their operations.

In 2007, they assassinated an MP and engineered a mass prison break for 300 of their jailed fighters. Last year witnessed the sinking of a boat carrying elite commandos, while in April this year, they briefly held an entire train with 300 passengers hostage.

“The Maoists have three things on their side – stealth, speed and surprise. In that sense they have the initiative,” said analyst P V Ramana from the New Delhi-based Institute of Defence Studies and Analyses.

In last weekend’s attack in Chhattisgarh’ s Rajnandgaon district, the rebels shot at a patrol and waited for police reinforcements to arrive before unleashing their main ambush. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

CRPP: “Release CPI (Maoist) spokesperson Gour Chakravarty”

Posted by n3wday on July 16, 2009

stop_repression_free_all_political_prisoners

India: “Release CPI(Maoist) spokesperson Gour Chakravarty”

Following is a press release dated 227 June issued by the Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners.

The Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners (CRPP) strongly condemns the arrest and media trial of Gour Chakravarty, the West Bengal State Spokesperson of the CPI (Maoist).

This is a complete volte face of the CPI(M) led government which had continuously insisted that they would deal with the Maoists politically. In fact it shows beyond doubt that the issues raised by the Maoists and the militant struggles of the adivasis of Lalgarh have become a real problem for the CPI(M)-led government in West Bengal. The only way that this government can deal with the issues of life and death for the toiling masses, pertaining to the four dreaded Ds – Displacement, Destruction, Destitution and Death – are through the baton and barrels of the police and paramilitary. Otherwise any people-oriented government would have first listened to the just demands of the adivasis of Lalgarh. The right to dissent against the policies of the State is a constitutionally guaranteed right. And when the people of Lalgarh have protested against the policies of the government which they understood would result in their peril, the political and administrative response of the government of West Bengal was through ruthless military action and a high voltage media blitzkrieg demonising the people of Lalgarh ably supported by the Central Government under Manmohan Singh and home minister Chidambaram.
Read the rest of this entry »

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Split-Off Group Criticizes Unified Maoist Party

Posted by n3wday on July 14, 2009

nepalThis article was sent out on the Maoist Revolution e-list. The splinter party led by Yadav renamed itself CPN(Maoist) after the Maoist party changed its name to Unitied CPN(Maoist).

CPN (Maoist) party cadres have been seizing land from the feudal lord

Matrika slams UCPN (Maoist)

Kantipur Report JANAKPURDHAM, July 10 – Matrika Yadav, who heads the dissident Maoist party, on Friday charged that the Unified CPN (Maoist) is a congregation of corrupt leaders.

Yadav, who is trying to extend the organisation of CPN (Maoist), claimed that people will raise their voice against the party laden with dishonesty.

Stating effort is being made to alter the name of Madhes, he claimed the existence of Madhesi leaders in the UCPN (Maoist) is for the showing purpose.

Referring to the electoral loss of Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal in the Constituent Assembly (CA) elections, Yadav pointed out that UCPN (Maoist) Pushpa Kamal Dahal committed the biggest mistake of his life by appointing Nepal as CA member. Read the rest of this entry »

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Revolution in India: Lalgarh’s Hopeful Spark

Posted by n3wday on July 12, 2009

lalgarh-adivasi-women-bengalSam Shell is a friend of the Kasama Project. Thanks to Ka Frank and John Steele for their help.

An Overview of Lalgarh: A Hopeful Spark

By Sam Shell

And the riot be the rhyme of the unheard…
– Zack de la Rocha

Background of the Movement

At this moment an incredible event is taking place in the West Midnapore district of West Bengal. Before the eruption, this sleepy area was little known except to its own inhabitants. Now, a people’s movement of unprecedented size to West Bengal has risen from the suffering of its adivasi (tribal) inhabitants, galvanizing the region, and shocking greater India. This movement has been popularly termed “the Lalgarh uprising.” Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: Maoist Central Committee Debates Their Next Moves

Posted by Mike E on July 10, 2009

Offices of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

Offices of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

The meeting of the central committee of Unified CPN (Maoist) started at the office of the party’s sister organisations at Koteshwor Wednesday.

Maoist chairman Puspa Kamal Dahal inaugurates the party’s central…
Today’s meeting opened debate on party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal’s political document that was passed by the recent politburo meeting. The 19-page political document stresses on Maoist-led national unity government as the immediate priority of the party.

The meeting will also take decisions on the party’s strategies, division of responsibilities to central leaders, management of party whole-timers, integration of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), and the party’s general convention.

Party spokesperson Dina Nath Sharma said debate on other issues would start after Dahal’s political document is finalised.

Prior to the beginning the central committee meeting, Dahal inaugurated the party headquarters in the new building at Parisdanda, Koteshwor, which covers large area and houses most offices of the party’s sister organisations.

Posted in Nepal News | 14 Comments »

Lalgarh’s Radicalisation of Resistance: From ‘Ordinary Civilians’ to Political Subjects?

Posted by n3wday on July 10, 2009

adivasi-maoists-cpm-communist-party-of-india-marxist-west-bengal-lalgarh

This article was published in the MRzine. Thanks to Ka Frank for pointing it out.

Lalgarh and the Radicalisation of Resistance: From ‘Ordinary Civilians’ to Political Subjects?

by Saroj Giri

One image stands out from the Lalgarh resistance.  Chattradhar Mahato, the most visible leader of the People’s Committee Against Police Atrocities (PCAPA), distributing food to ordinary villagers — not as a high-up leader doing charity but as one among them.  Is this the ‘new’ image of the Maoist?  But maybe Mahato is not a Maoist — he himself denies being one.  But if he is not, given his power and influence in the area, the ‘dictatorial’ Maoists must have eliminated him by now?  Then maybe he is only being used by them, following their ‘diktat’ out of fear.  But a man with the kind of popularity and love from the masses would fear the Maoists?  So, is he a Maoist, or like a Maoist, after all?  But a Maoist who is this popular among the masses and who does not seem to terrorise them?

These questions are tricky, almost baffling to many.  For the resistance in Lalgarh is a unique experiment, not following any formulaic path or given script.  The Lalgarh resistance not only rattled local power relations and state forces but also challenged accepted ideas and practices of resistance movements, their internal constitution, and above all opened up radical possibilities for the initiative of the masses — partly symbolized in the unscripted image and contested political identity of Mahato and indeed of the PCAPA vis-à-vis Maoists.  Crucially, Lalgarh undermines conventional ideas about the relationship between ‘peaceful’ and ‘violent’ forms of struggle and inaugurates possibilities of resistance unfettered by given notions of political subjectivity or by subservience to the ‘rule of law’. Read the rest of this entry »

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A World to Win: Uprising in Lalgarh

Posted by n3wday on July 7, 2009

lalgarh_uprising_adivasis_womenThis article was sent out on the AWTW e-list. We have already posted the longer version of this article here, but are choosing to republish it because of the AWTW intro and because a condensed version of this article may be useful to our readers.

India: Uprising in Lalgarh

[Note from AWTW] 29 June 2009. A World to Win News Service. Central government troops and state police and militias are continuing the brutal assault on the adivasis (tribal people) and the Communist Party of India (Maoist) in and around Lalgarh in the West Midnapore area in the state of West Bengal that began in mid June. Indian Air Force helicopters rained down leaflets on the masses warning them not to support the Maoists. While the repressive forces boast that they will achieve a quick victory, the Maoist-led guerrillas melt away and reappear in other villages and forests nearby Lalgarh with the support of the people. Urban intellectuals from Kolkata who have gone to the Lalgarh area confirm that the armed forces are beating and humiliating the masses in every way imaginable and herding them into refugee camps.

The area encompasses vast tracts of the forests of West Midnapore, Purulia and Bankura districts of West Bengal and adjoins parts of the states of Jharkhand and Orissa, where the CPI5Maoist) enjoys strong mass support. Unrest in Lalgarh had been going on for a number of months, reaching a boiling point last November with the arrests, torture and rape of women and children after a bombing that almost killed a West Bengal chief minister. The state has been dominated by a reactionary so-called Left Front led by the Communist Party (Marxist). Decades ago this oppressor party abandoned any semblance of Marxist or communist thinking and joined forces with the Indian ruling classes to suppress and exploit the people and steal their land. After making a series of demands, the tribal people of the area took matters into their own hands, forcing out government agents and police. CPI(Marxist) officials were run out of the villages and some killed. Their offices as well as many police stations were torched. Trees were felled to block roads and prevent security forces from re-entering the area.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Struggle India: Relase Asit Kumar Sengupta and all political prisoners!

Posted by n3wday on July 6, 2009

Drooker-Bars

Drooker-Bars

This article was sent out on the AWTW e-list.

India: “Release Asit Kumar Sengupta and all political prisoners now!”

29 June 2009. A World to Win News Service. Following is a press release from the organisation Struggle India dated June 2009, signed by M. N. Ravunni, its Acting General Secretary. (Contact: M.N. Ravunni, Mundur P.O, Palakkad District, Kerala, India. Phone: +91 9249713184)

On the afternoon of 22 January 2008, the notorious Chhattisgarh police raided the home of comrade Asit Kumar Sengupta and took him away. The same evening, they again raided in large numbers and searched his house for two days. His wife was detained for questioning. The police seized all the copies of the revolutionary internationalist journal A World to Win, titles put out by his publishing house Puravaiya Prakashan, all the books in his personal library and his PC. Violating the norms laid down by the Supreme Court, his arrest was formally registered only after two days. He has been accused of waging war against the state in association with a banned organisation, the Communist Party of India (Maoist).

Read the rest of this entry »

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Indian Police Force Youth to Search for Mines

Posted by n3wday on July 6, 2009

lalgarh-movement-solidarity-forumThis article was posted on Ajahind.

PIRAKATA: The message from Writers’ Buildings to show a human face while dealing with the warring populace in Lalgarh apparently hasn’t reached
the force. Why else would a section of the state armed police (SAP) — terrified of IED explosions – catch hold of local youths and force them to poke around for hidden mines and explosives?

Acts like this will trigger more calls for vengeance and lead people to doubt the sincerity of the government’s attempts to pacify the tribal villagers. It also exposes the lack of preparedness of the administration.

There are just two CID bomb disposal experts stationed at Lalgarh. A second team is kept in reserve in Midnapore town to be deployed in case of ‘VIP movement’. A third is cooling its heels in Kolkata. There is not a single explosives expert with police forces anywhere else in the war zone.

Ever since Friday evening’s blast at Kuldiha, in which the Domkal SDPO’s vehicle was hit and three policemen were injured, police have been wary of such attacks. The moment they come across any culvert, many policemen are scared to cross, fearing that Maoists might have planted an IED. Read the rest of this entry »

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Videos from the Philippines: Inside the NPA

Posted by n3wday on July 5, 2009

Thanks to CPSA for sending these our way.


Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in philippines news | 2 Comments »

India: A detailed report from Lalgarh

Posted by n3wday on July 4, 2009

adivasi_women_bengal_lalgarh_uprisingMany thanks to Ka Frank for bringing this to our attention.

Lalgarh Update

Amit Bhattacharyya

22-23 June 2009

Let us pick up the threads from the last report (published by Visthapan Virodhi Jan Vikas Andolan as a book entitled Singur to Lalgarh via Nandigram, April 2009) which ended with the meeting between People’s Committee leaders and some members of the civil society with the chief electoral officer on 12 April. Ultimately it was decided by the election commission that polling booths would be shifted from areas that come under police boycott.  Lok Sabha elections throughout the country ended on 13 May and results were declared on 16 May. The phase of struggle that started from then on was something that was totally unprecedented in the history of our country—in depth, magnitude and significance.  The subsequent history can be divided into Phase III and Phase IV. Phase III is related to people’s movement, while Phase IV with the deployment of para-military forces, brutality perpetrated by them and resistance by the people and the Maoists.

Phase III

•    The attitude of the West Bengal ‘left-front’ government became clear when it refused to give permission to hold a demonstration in Kolkata to be organized jointly by CAVOW (Committee Against Violence on Women) and the women’s wing of the People’s Committee with traditional weapons on 5 June, as it would be political in nature.  The Kolkata police even threatened the local convenor of CAVOW with arrest if they did not listen. Such a decision is discriminatory. Processions with traditional weapons have always been allowed by the state government to the Muslims at the time of Muharram or to the Sikhs during their religious ceremonies. If the government allows these processions to take place as these were religious in nature, then how would they explain the holding of a procession in November 2007 by the CPI(M) after the recapture of Nandigram with adivasis wielding the same traditional weapons like bows, axes, etc.  The organisers were thus forced to shift the venue to West Medinipur. Traditional weapons are a part of tribal culture and the West Bengal government, acting in this way, actually rejected that very right of the tribal people. Superimposed upon it was the fact that when a cultural team went to Chakulia in Jharkhand on the Bengal-Jharkhand border to make propaganda among the adivasis there so that they could join the rally on 5 June, many of them were arrested by the Jharkhand police and a number of women were molested and one raped in Chakulia police station. When the Committee went to enter Jharkhand on their way to the Chakulia police station, a huge force was mobilised on the Jharkhand side and they were greeted with tear-gas shells.  Chhatradhar Mahato declared that the road from West Bengal to Jharkhand would be blocked to cut off supply lines if the arrested were not released. That resulted in the spread of the movement to new areas also. The administration retaliated with the promulgation of Section 144 of the Cr.PC within 2 kms of the Lalgarh police station.   Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | 2 Comments »