Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for August, 2009

Nepal: Replacing Army Commander, Hoping to Pacify the People

Posted by n3wday on August 14, 2009

Lt_General_Chhatra_Man_Singh_Gurung_army_nepal_UCPN_Maoist_integration_katawalThis article was published in the Asian Tribune.

Lt. Gen. Gurung appointed acting army chief in Nepal

Aug 10, 2009
Kosh R. Koirala – Reporting from Nepal

Kathmandu, 10 August, (Asiantribune.com): Nepal government has appointed Lt. Gen. Chhatra Man Singh Gurung as an acting chief of Nepal Army as the incumbent army chief Rookmangud Katawal is taking a customary leave one month before his retirement. A cabinet meeting held on Sunday took a decision to this effect.

Gurung, 57, will officially head state army after Katawal’s three-year tenure expires on September 9. This is the first instance of a person belonging to ethnic community heading the national army with 92,000 plus strong force so far.

Traditionally, the army chief would come from the families close to erstwhile Royal Place. Only the ruling Shah, Rana and Thapa have been appointed as the army chief in its entire history of some 250 years.

Started his army career in 1971 after completing Bachelor level education from Tribhuvan University, Gurung has had an untainted career as an apolitical officer within the army. Gurung has received training from the Indian Military Academy, Deharadun and has also completed military courses from US Army Command and General Staff College and National Defense University of China.
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Nepal: A Third People’s Uprising Ahead?

Posted by n3wday on August 13, 2009

This article was published on Nepal News.

Maoists: govt will face ‘serious consequences’ for refusing to address ‘civilian supremacy’ issue

Unified CPN (Maoist) Vice-Chairman Narayan Kazi Shrestha has said that the government should now be prepared to face the ‘grave consequences’ of the month-long nationwide agitation Maoists are waging to restore ‘civilian supremacy’ and national sovereignty.

Speaking at a press meet organized by Tamuwan State Council in Pokhara Monday, Shrestha, who is also the deputy parliamentary party leader of the UCPN (Maoist), said that the Maoists have also started the protest movement to exert pressure (on the government) for integration of former Maoist combatants into Nepal Army, timely drafting of constitution and taking the ongoing peace process to its desired conclusion.

He also hinted that the Maoist agitation might be the beginning of the ‘third People’s movement ‘, if the aforementioned demands are not met.

The second people’s movement waged by various political parties including ruling CPN-UML, Nepali Congress and Maoists had toppled the royal regime in 2006. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 3 Comments »

Prachanda’s Talks in London (English and Nepali)

Posted by n3wday on August 13, 2009

Thanks to Democracy and Class Struggle for posting these. (1-7 are in Nepali language. 8 is in english.)

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Maoists in India’s Lalgarh: Here to stay!

Posted by n3wday on August 13, 2009

CPI_Maoist_AK47_PLGA_Peoples_War_IndiaThis article was published in the Times of India.

Naxals hold armed rally in Lalgarh

LALGARH: A day after the West Midnapore district administration admitted its failure in tackling the Maoists, the Red rebels in a brazen show of
strength held an armed rally in Lalgarh about 200 km from Kolkata.

Attended by around 1,000 villagers, the rally was held on Friday evening at Domohani, barely 2 km from Dharampur police station, where the rebels assured people that they were completely prepared to take on the armed forces. ‘‘None of our people has been killed or arrested,’’ claimed Maoist leader Bikash.

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Press Speculates on International Moves of Nepal Maoists

Posted by n3wday on August 10, 2009

prachanda_communist_flag_UCPN_Maoist_NepalThis article was published on Telegraph Nepal.

Important note: Posting this does not represent any confirmation of the fact or the analysis here. The mainstream press has long speculated about the relationship of the Nepali Maoists and groups like both RIM and CCOMPOSA. And there is no reason (zero) to assume any validity to these current speculations.

We are posting this simply because it is a claim being circulated that our readers would want to know about.

The Nepali Maoists have, however, called for significant reorganization of the relations among communists internationally, and have more recently announced that they intended to revisit their previous communist outreach efforts.  When such things happen we will learn about them from communist sources (and not be able to rely on questionable claims in the non-communist press).

Nepal Maoists chief likely to meet RIM-CCOMPOSA leaders in UK

TGW

Pushpa Kamal Dahal, accompanied by his consort Sita Dahal and his heir apparent Prakash Dahal landed in London, Britain Saturday August 8, 2009, at around 5:45 PM local time.

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Nepal: Next wave of struggle is contestation for power

Posted by n3wday on August 10, 2009

ycl_UCPN_Nepal_Maoist_military_trainingThis article was published on Telegraph Nepal.

Retaliate if Nepal Govt resorts to repressive measures: Prachanda

TGW

The Chairman of the Unified Communist Party-Maoist Mr. Pushpa Kamal Dahal has asked his political cadres to forcefully retaliate if the government resorts to repressive measures against their protest beginning today, August 7, 2009.

Mr. Dahal instructed his cadres while addressing a training program in Pokhara, Kaski district Thursday, August 6, 2009.

“The Protest will lead to the formation of the National Government, however, I will not lead the emerging government”, Dahal was quoted as saying by one of his cadres adding, “Henceforth, I will steer the party.”

Dahal also told his cadres that the mood of the government was to take retaliatory action against their what he called “logical protest programs”. Read the rest of this entry »

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India: Maoists gaining enough strength to hold territory from state forces

Posted by n3wday on August 10, 2009

CPI_maoist_marching_india_plgaThis article was published in The Hindu. Thanks to Ka Frank for sending this to us.

Growing naxal menace causing concern to police

Staff Reporter

‘Harichandanpur has become the hotbed of Maoist activities’

BHUBANESWAR: The Orissa police on Monday admitted that the cadre of CPI (Maoists) were strengthening their base and were capable of attacking security forces on a large scale in some isolated pockets of the State.

Addressing top-rung police officials at Biju Patnaik State Police Academy here on Friday, Director (Intelligence) of State police Prakash Mishra said naxalites were ready for positional warfare and capable of attacking security personnel at Malkangiri and Narayanpatna area. “They can hold security forces for a longer period.”

Different districts of the State had been controlled by at least 10 divisions of CPI (Maoists) under various names, said Mr. Mishra.

Under Kalinga Nagar Division, naxal cadre moved in difficult forest terrains and Harichandanpur now became the hotbed of their activities, the Director of Intelligence said. They were trying to form regular small armed squads that would move in wider geographical area, he said.

The division, which is bothering the State police, is Bengal-Jharkhand-Orissa Border Committee, which is an extension of Serenda Division in Jharkhand. “Left wing extremists are mainly involved in extraction of money and eyeing at explosives as it is an intensely mined area. Moreover, since it is a hilly terrain, operation against these elements is very difficult,” Mr. Mishra admitted. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Launching a New Phase of Struggle

Posted by n3wday on August 9, 2009

ucpn_flag_fist_nepal_demonstration_protest_civilian_supremacyThis article was published on eKantipur.com.

Maoist deadline set to end, warning sign ahead; 22 parties firm

Kantipur Report

KATHMANDU, Aug 6 – With the deadline set by the UCPN (Maoist) to address the issue of ‘civilian supremacy’ ends Thursday evening, there is a warning sign in the road ahead for the already-troubled UML-led government.

The political crisis is likely to deepen and eclipse the major tasks of drafting a new constitution and taking the beleaguered peace process to a logical end as the major political parties remained adamant on their respective stances.

Earlier, the main opposition party UCPN (Maoist), who quit the government in May following a row over reinstating the Chief of Army Staff (CoAS), had warned to storm from the parliament and the streets from Friday if their demand for civilian supremacy over military was not addressed by this evening. Read the rest of this entry »

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Plans to capture Maoists in Lalgarh failing

Posted by n3wday on August 9, 2009

lalgarh_uprising_adivasis_women_CPI_Maoist_India_West_BengalThe following article discusses a special forces operation launched in Lalgarh, West Bengal, meant to suppress the people’s rebellion and reestablish the control of the police. For a summary of events in Lalgarh up to this point, see the Kasama pamphlet “Revolution in India: Lalgarh’s Hopeful Spark“.

This article was published on Headlines India.

Lalgarh operation yet to deliver success, admits Bengal

Lalgarh (West Bengal): The security operation carried out by the police and paramilitary forces to flush out Maoists from the trouble-torn belt of Lalgarh has not received satisfactory results, the West Bengal government conceded today.

“Initially, we received significant success in establishing the rule of the law in Lalgarh, but in the latter half of the operation the result has not been very satisfactory,” Home Secretary Ardhendu Sen told reporters after a meeting with senior state police officer.

“As a matter of fact, we have seen that the incidents of killing and abduction are taking place there. We’ve also not been able to arrest those top-rung Maoist leaders who have taken shelter in the inhospitable forest terrains of Lalgarh. Read the rest of this entry »

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Al Jazeera: Indian Police Atrocities…EXPOSED!

Posted by n3wday on August 8, 2009

India_police_abuse_CPI_maoist_maoismThis article was published on Al Jazeera. Thanks to Ka Frank for pointing it out.

India ‘police abuses’ condemned

India’s police force has been accused of extrajudicial killings, torture and carrying out illegal detentions, human rights campaigners have said.

“India’s status as the world’s largest democracy is undermined by a police force that thinks it is above the law,” Brad Adams, Asia Director of Human Rights Watch (HRW), said on Tuesday.

“The police continue to use their old methods: abuse and threats … It’s time for the government to stop talking about reform and fix the system.”

A report – titled Broken System: Dysfunction, Abuse and Impunity in the Indian Police -collated from interviews with 60 alleged victims and about 80 police officers of various ranks detailed various abuses.

Several officers admitted in private that suspects were often tortured and beaten to extract confessions, the report said. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal’s Gov’t Buys Weapons While the People Face Epidemic

Posted by n3wday on August 8, 2009

Nepal_lack_of_medicine_heath_minister_conference_UCPN_MaoistThis article was published on Wavemag.

The Scratching Game

by PRAVAT J GURUNG

The game of pulling for the hot seat of ministries continues as the cabinet expansion waits to take a full shape. Nothing much has happened in politics besides blaming each other and pulling legs to bring down the 22 party supported government. It’s more like scratch my back and I’ll scratch yours. However, the hot topic discussed in the House has been the buying of arms and ammunition from India instead of focusing on the diarrhea outbreak in the mid western districts of Nepal.

Uma Kanta Chaudhary, health minister too left for Germany on Saturday to attend a seminar. In fact, the minister was in such a hurry to leave the country that he did not inform the Prime Minister about his trip and did not wait for the cabinet’s approval. At a time like this, when the country is suffering from lack of medicines to control the diarrhea outbreak, the minister is enjoying his so-called conference in Germany. Is that ethically correct for a minister or more so was that the reason he was given the responsibility in the first place?

The parliament has been the hot spot drawing all the attention it seems in the past month. Oh well, it always has been in the limelight. The Maoists decided to stall all proceedings in the House until Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal addressed their demands. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: New Code of Ethics for Maoist Leaders

Posted by Mike E on August 6, 2009

muddy_rutThe following appeared on Democracy and Class struggle:

The Unified CPN (Maoist) has barred its central leaders from owning private property and engaging in any income generating activities.

The 15-point code of ethics issued by the party’s central committee Saturday has instructed its central leaders to adopt an economical life style and transfer any properties in their name to the party.

It has also decided to take back all but seven four-wheelers being used by various Maoist leaders.

There are about a hundred vehicles belonging to the Maoists temporarily registered in the name of various individuals. The party has decided to allow leaders to use two-wheelers, but allow four wheelers only after taking permission from the central committee.

The code of ethics also bars central leaders from sending their children abroad for education. It has instructed party leaders to devote their full time for party activities and put in physical labour where necessary.

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Hisila Yami: Line Struggle within Nepal’s Maoist Central Committee

Posted by Mike E on August 6, 2009

two_lines_in_nepal_maoist_party2Alastair Reith wrote:

“I think you guys will find this article interesting. It’s by Hisila Yami, a leading woman in the UCPN (M), and sheds a lot of light on the situation. …As far as I’m aware it’s the first article that a leading Maoist has released that explicitly admits that there is a sharp line struggle within the party between ‘those who were advocating a new democratic revolution’ and ‘those who were in favour of restructuring the state.’ And the article states further that in this recent line struggle ‘the full central committee meeting… agreed that regressive forces within and outside the country wanted to see the UCPN (Maoist) taking a bourgeois line while forward-looking forces wanted to see the party taking the course of a new democratic revolution.'”

This piece origionally appeared on eKantipur. The subheads and paragraph breaks below are Kasama’s.

* * * * * * *

“The full central committee meeting also agreed that regressive forces within and outside the country wanted to see the UCPN (Maoist) taking a bourgeois line while forward-looking forces wanted to see the party taking the course of a new democratic revolution. It was agreed that the enemy was trying to isolate the party by pushing it to war thus the subject of bringing the peace process to a logical conclusion must be addressed. It was also agreed that civilian supremacy must reign over military supremacy as it was related with restructuring the Nepal Army which has been long due since the monarchy reigned in Nepal.

Similarly, there have been attempts to make the exercise of writing the constitution a dummy affair, thus the party must make the constitution people-oriented and result-oriented.

There have been attempts to undermine the sovereignty of Nepal and break up the country, hence it is the party’s duty to unite all patriotic and democratic forces to consolidate the nation.

And in order to achieve this aim, it is important to rope in all those forces which oppose these regressive steps to form a national unity government under the leadership of the UCPN (Maoist). It is understood that these steps will eventually lead to establishing a people’s federal republic system.”

For the full article > Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | 3 Comments »

New Pamphlet: Revolution in India – Lalgarh’s Hopeful Spark

Posted by Mike E on August 5, 2009

revolution_in_india_lalgarhRevolution in India – Lalgarh’s Hopeful Spark

Now available in printable pdf format.

by Sam Shell

At this moment an incredible event is taking place in the West Midnapore district of West Bengal. Before the eruption, this sleepy area was little known except to its own inhabitants. Now, a people’s movement of unprecedented size to West Bengal has risen from the suffering of its adivasi (tribal) inhabitants, galvanizing the region, and shocking greater India. This movement has been popularly termed “the Lalgarh uprising.”

Although one could accurately say the point of eruption of this rebellion occurred early in November of 2008, it is necessary to step back further in order to appreciate the context within which these events have unfolded. Lalgarh is an incredibly impoverished area of West Bengal. It contains one well-developed road—built to accommodate police—that is of little use to its indigenous inhabitants to whom even a motorbike is a rarity. Neither clean water nor electricity is available. Police brutality was a regular occurrence where villagers were detained and tortured for little or no reason—some singled out for repeated horrific abuse. (Dec. 2008) For many years the State promised development in the area, yet little to none was seen.

Posted in India Background, India News | 3 Comments »

Nepal Plans: Escalating Mass Struggle to Confront Army

Posted by n3wday on August 5, 2009

UCPN_Maoist_Demonstration_Nepal

This article was published on eKantipur.com.

UCPN (M) struggle programmes publicised

Kantipur Report

KATHMANDU, Aug 3 – The Unified CPN (Maoist) on Monday made public a month-long protest against, for what they called, establishing civilian supremacy in the country.

Maoist Standing Committee meeting held Monday morning also decided to launch a ‘nationwide awareness campaign’ in order to press the government to implement the agreements reached with the political parties apropos to the civilian supremacy.

The party has warned to protest from August 7 if a specific agreement concerning the Army Chief row and civilian supremacy is not forged within three days.

Protests include rallies, sit-in, assembly, boycotting public event of the President and the Prime Minister and others.

The programme has also been made not to allow the President and the Prime Minister to participate in the public events, Maoist spokesperson Dinanath Sharma informed.
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