Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for December, 2009

Biplab on UCPN(M) Central Committee Meeting: People’s Republic is a Necessity

Posted by Ka Frank on December 19, 2009

The Red Star, December 5, 2009

Central Committee Decisions with its Special Importance–Netrabikram Chanda, Com. Biplab

Biplab is a member of the Secretariat of the UCPN (Maoist) Central Commitee

Our party central committee meeting concluded after 25 days. The meetng has taken very important decisions and conclusions on the following subjects related to the political movement of Nepal and to the party organization itself. The importance of these decisions is as follows:

1. The conclusions and the decisions related to the political movement

We took a long and serious debate on the solution of extraordinary political situation on the revolution and the counter-revolution, ideology of proletariat, and the
bourgeoisie, national independence and foreign intervention. Through
the long debate, we came to the conclusion that the correct solution of the
existing political crisis of the nation can be found only after building a new
concept of republic, constitution, united front, federalism, a national united
government, and the mass-struggle, and we have taken some of the new decisions
on them also. We are assured that the recently taken decisions will give
solution to the existing problems.

1.a. People’s Federal Republic

Our party has reached the conclusion that a new concept about the republic is necessary. According to it, the party has taken
a decision to use People’s Republic in place of Democratic Republic. This, in
reality, is the only decision that will be able to take the political crisis
to a solution. The problems and the crisis that are increasing in the
country day by day are mainly the outcome of the present state power, state
machinery of the  bourgeois republic, though there are other secondary reasons. The expectation of the people for
emancipation is not possible until and unless a drastic change in the state
system is brought. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Maoists Declare Kathmandu an Autonomous Region

Posted by Ka Frank on December 19, 2009

Economic Times, December 16, 2009

Red alert: Maoists seize Kathmandu

KATHMANDU: Maoists on Wednesday announced the seizure of the Nepalese capital Kathmandu declaring it an autonomous region, after storming into heavily guarded Durbar Square, in a development that could trigger a new political confrontation.Waving red flags, 5000 militant cadres forced their way into the Durbar Square city centre where their chief Prachanda declared Kathmandu valley as the Newa Autonomous State. The Maoists, who have already announced formation of parallel governments in nine districts and paid little heed to warnings by the Nepali Congress, to desist from such tactics as it may lead to “biggest political and social confrontation”.

Though the Maoist takeover was more of a symbolic nature, their choice of the capital city sent shock-waves in the ruling CPN-UML-led 22-party alliance. Prachanda lit a traditional lamp to declare Kathmandu as Newa Autonomous State by flying a banner that read “Newa Autonomous State” as hundreds of balloons were let off. A gun salute was also given and the city declared an autonomous state amidst performance of traditional music.

“Our move is not intended to disrupt the peace process or block the constitution making task,” Prachanda proclaimed adding it was to “make people aware about federalism and strengthen the republican system”. The Maoist supremo claimed that “regressive forces were hatching a conspiracy against the republican system and trying to reverse the change”.

Other Maoist leader who spoke on the occasion defended their move to declare various areas as autonomous regions rejected the claim that it would derail the peace process and lead to disintegration of the nation. The party is planning to declare altogether 13 autonomous states in the country by December 18.


Posted in Nepal News | 4 Comments »

Kishenji: Farmers in Lalgarh Region Don’t Have to Repay Crop Loans

Posted by Ka Frank on December 19, 2009

Hindustan Times, December 17, 2009

Maoists announce ‘loan waiver’ for farmers

Farmers in West Midnapore district of West Bengal may not have to repay their crop loans. The Maoists have announced a waiver. This is the first time the rebel group has announced such a decision.

“Several peasants who took crop loans over the last two years have suffered losses. So, we have decided that they don’t have to pay back their loans,” said Koteshwar Rao, alias Kishenji, member of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist). “Moreover, no agricultural cooperative, bank or private money lender will be allowed to charge more than two per cent interest on loans they advance to peasants this year,” he added.

Cooperative and public sector banks usually charge 7 per cent interest on agri loans. Private moneylenders charge much more – between 3 per cent and 5 per cent a  month. “If anybody, be it from public sector banks or private moneylender tries to squeeze money out of the farmers, he will be branded a people’s enemy and tried in a people’s court,” Kishenji threatened. These “courts” usually hand out the death penalty to those who defy their writ. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

Lalgarh Traders Boycott Police After They Ransack Shops

Posted by Ka Frank on December 19, 2009

Lalgarh residents wait to collect rice. Due to “Operation Lalgarh,” shops have been closed.

Telegraph India, December 14, 2009

Cop boycott call in Salboni

Salboni: Traders of a Salboni bazaar have decided to start a “social boycott” of the joint forces after some of the personnel allegedly ransacked shops following a blast in which a jawan was injured. The boycott means shops in Pirakata, about 20km from Lalgarh, will not sell provisions to the personnel.

Such a move had forced police to the brink of starvation and pull out a camp from Kalaimuri in April, when the Lalgarh agitation was at its peak. Aided by Maoists, the villagers demolished the camp after the police left. They also blocked the supply of essentials to the camp in Ramgarh in May. Food may not be a problem now because the roads, dug up during the Maoist-backed agitation, have been repaired. But, at a time the police are desperate to win back villagers’ confidence, the alleged ransacking of shops spells a public relations disaster.

West Midnapore police chief Manoj Verma denied any ransacking. But stationery shop owner Debashis Ghosh had a differ- ent story to tell. “The police were brought here to maintain law and order but they are doing just the opposite. We won’t sell any item to them,” he said.The security forces were engaged in a gun battle with Maoists in Pirakata this evening. It continued intermittently from 5pm to 9pm. Around 8.30pm, supporters of the People’s Committee Against Police Atrocities ransacked the local CPM office.

Tea stall owner Pintu Manna said the jawans accused the villagers of being in cahoots with the rebels while ransacking the shops yesterday. Ghosh alleged that 20 shops were targeted because they had refused to shut down after the jawan was injured. Verma said the police had asked them to down shutters fearing an encounter with the Maoists. “That led to a verbal spat. But it’s not true that shops were ransacked.”

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

China Will Supply “Non-Lethal” Aid to the Nepalese Army

Posted by Ka Frank on December 18, 2009

Nepalese Army APC (armored personnel carrier)

Below are news reports from November and December 2009 on two agreements to supply Chinese military aid to Nepal.

China pledges Rs100 million military assistance to Nepal

DNA India, November 26, 2009

Kathmandu: In a move that may raise concerns in India, China has pledged a slew of financial assistance to Nepal, including military aid worth Rs100 million [$1.3 million] for the supply of “non-lethal” security equipments and training the Nepalese Army.  China has also pledged military assistance worth Rs100 million. The military assistance will include non-lethal security equipments, logistics support, training for Army officials and communications equipment, according to The Kathmandu Post.

Foreign ministry sources said that Chinese side is positive regarding Nepal’s request and agreed to provide phase-wise assistance for the multi-million dollar project. China has allotted about Rs20 million for construction of the consulate building. The existing building that houses the consulate is old and needs to be replaced by a new one, an official said. The announcement was made during bilateral talks held by visiting deputy executive vice-chair of Tibet Autonomous Region, Hao Peng with Nepalese authorities on Wednesday.

China has also agreed to provide Rs30.6 million as food assistance annually from the current year. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Delhi Protesters March Against Operation Green Hunt

Posted by Ka Frank on December 18, 2009

On the streets of Delhi, see more pictures below.

PRESS STATEMENT, December 17, 2009

The Forum Against War on People organised the “Rally Against War on People” to protest against the brutal military offensive of the Indian state on the tribal people of central and eastern India through Operation Green Hunt, wherein lakhs [1 lakh = 100,000] of the paramilitary-military as well as various vigilante gangs such as the Salwa Judum, Nagrik Suraksha Samiti, Sendra, Tritiya Prastuti Samiti, Harmad Vahini etc. has let loose on the people. …

The rally commenced from ram Lila Maidan at 11 am and reached Parliament Street where in various social activists, intellectuals, representatives of people’s organisations and civil rights activists addressed the gathering. People from Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamilnadu and Kerala attended the rally. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

Ceylon Maoists on the Upcoming Election in Sri Lanka

Posted by Ka Frank on December 18, 2009

President Rajapakse (above) and General Fonseka (below), butchers of the Tamil people

Transcurrents, December 2009

Mahinda, Sarath and their monstrous crimes against people and humanity

News Up-Date by the Election Campaign Committee (ECC) of the Common Left Candidate- Com. Dr. Vickremabahu

On behalf of the Propaganda Committee of the ECC,, Com. Surendra, Ceylon Communist Party (Maoist)

Dear Comrades, Friends, Colleagues,

This up-coming presidential election would be comical, if not for the fact that it is deceptively diabolical. The contention between incumbent president Mahinda Rajapakse and retired General Sarath Fonseka and the arguments being drawn up by both sides are simply degenerate.

They expose the depths to which this neo-colonial political order has been despoiled and degraded. We reject both these candidates, since they represent two sides of the same coin- or as Comrade Vickremabahu, the common candidate of the independent progressive, democratic, revolutionary alliance has aptly said, they represent two heads of a viper, both with deadly fangs.

This election is a deadly trap to sacrifice the oppressed masses, including the Sinhala-Buddhists and all other exploited and oppressed classes, nationalities and ethnic-religious communities, at the alter of Global Imperialist Capital. Most of all, it is a diabolical trap to deceive and ensnare the oppressed Tamil nation. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Sri Lanka | 2 Comments »

L’État indien Veut Détruire le Modèle de Développement Maoïste

Posted by Mike E on December 17, 2009

The following is a French translation of parts of the article “Indian State Wants to Destroy the Maoist Development Model” which appeared on this site recently. It was translated by Futur Rouge.

Un appel aux penseurs, intellectuels, artistes et écrivains

par Satnam et Buta Singh, Forum Pendjab, 5 Décembre 2009

L’État indien a amassé des troupes dans le centre de l’Inde sur une échelle sans précédent, pour qu’elles s’abattent sur le peuple. Elle est la dernière des guerres lancées par l’État indien contre le peuple dans ce pays. Le gouvernement dit qu’il doit agir contre ces zones, parce que les maoïstes y ont une grande influence et qu’elles ne sont pas sous le contrôle de l’autorité centrale ou de l’Etat. . . .

L’attaque en cours sur les pauvres en Inde centrale n’est rien d’autre qu’une version améliorée et plus meurtrière de la violence d’Etat même qui n’a pas cessé depuis 1947. Elle est destiné à briser le dos de la lutte du peuple là-bas, la lutte des plus pauvres parmi les pauvres, des paysans tribaux et des travailleurs qui travaillent dans les mines. Elle est destiné à dire aux autres partout dans le pays, de ne pas défendre leurs droits, de ne pas s’opposer à la politique de l’Etat si elles vont à l’encontre des bien qu’elle va contre les intérêts du peuple et du pays.

Le centre de la résistance est encerclée non seulement pour le briser, mais aussi de détruire les choses nouvelles que les gens ont créé au cours de leurs luttes et pour lesquelles ils ont travaillé dur pour les construire. Le gouvernement a commencé une campagne de diffamation contre ceux qui refusent de bouger, qui refusent de courber l’échine et qui refusent encore d’être induit en erreur par les promesses vides sans fin du développement et du progrès. Ils savent que cette évolution n’est pas pour eux. Parce qu’un gouvernement qui a renoncé à l’idéal d’un Etat providence ne peut s’engager véritablement sur une chose qu’il a abandonné à la demande du capital impérialiste, de la Banque mondiale et de l’OMC.

Les comités de développement du peuple dans Dandakaranya

Le peuple objet d’attaques a construit son propre gouvernement local, le Jantana Sarkar, à divers niveaux, prenant son avenir en main, pour un véritable rendez-vous avec le destin. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News, Translation | Leave a Comment »

Maharastra: Maoist Dalams Prepare for Government Offensive

Posted by Ka Frank on December 17, 2009

Gahchiroli is in eastern Maharastra, near the border with Maoist strongholds in Chhattisgarh

Times of India, December 15, 2009

Naxals prepare to strike back with area dalams

NAGPUR: After lying low for some time in the state, Naxals have upped their ante even as the Maharastra government has turned its attention belatedly on this Maoist-affected and backward district of Gadchiroli. They seem all set to launch an offensive.

The Naxals are concentrating at the grassroots level as well as strengthening their military wing for giving an added edge to their already potent striking powers. TOI has learnt through reliable sources that at least ten area dalams have been formed by the Naxals in Gadchiroli itself. This is to ensure that their mass base remains strong in the face of incisive onslaughts by the security forces.

The area dalams have received training in deep forest camps with the active support of the villagers on the either side of the Maharashtra-Chhatisgarh border. Uncorroborated sources claimed that district cops, which were being informed about the ongoing camps, opted not to react to the input for reasons TOI could not confirm.

Apart from the other routine work of recruitment and intelligence gathering, these area dalam members have been specially trained in planting explosives and triggering blasts. A recent blast at Chichoda near Fulbodi Gatta village, in Dhanora tehsil of Gadchiroli district that left three cops injured was the successful outcome of the experiment. The patrolling police party was also fired at but there was no casualty.

Sources also claimed that Naxals, who have already proved better tacticians than the cops, have planned to counter the newly-designed counter offensive against them by turning the district into a virtual minefield rather than trying to clash with the 18 central paramilitary forces with their extra firepowers. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

India to Supply 50 Tanks to Nepalese Army, Train More Officers

Posted by Ka Frank on December 17, 2009

Soviet-era T-72 tank

My Republica, December 15, 2009

India likely to supply 50 phased out tanks to Nepal

KATHMANDU: India, which has decided to resume military aid to Nepal, is likely to supply 50 phased-out tanks at discounted rates. India’s The Telegraph newspaper reported the deal, quoting an unnamed senior Defense Ministry official in New Delhi on Tuesday.

The report said Nepal has specifically asked whether it can acquire 50 tanks from the Indian Army at discounted rates. These are Ajeya T-72 tanks that are being replaced with the Bhishma T-90 in the armored regiments.

Besides the tanks, officer cadets from Nepal will get more seats in the Indian Military Academy and the recruitment of Nepalese Gorkhas in the Indian Army would be increased. The decisions followed talks, Nepal’s visiting army chief, General Chhatraman Singh Gurung, held with Indian security officials in the Indian capital. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News, Nepal News | 1 Comment »

Nepalese Police Evict 200 Landless Peasants

Posted by Ka Frank on December 17, 2009

My Republica, December 16, 2009

Police evict land-grabbers in Nawalparasi

CHITWAN: The police on Wednesday afternoon evicted Maoist supporters from the land owned by late congress leader Surya Bhakta Adhikari in Gaindakot of Nawalparasi. A group of 200 “landless people” led by Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Squatters´ Association and All Nepal Peasants Association had captured 72 ropanis of land registered in the name of Adhikari on Tuesday.

A team led by DSP Umesh Mainali from Area Police Office Kawasoti evicted the people, who had already begun to erect huts there. They had initially refused to leave as the police team reached the site early in the morning. At about 2 pm, the police notified the land-grabbers to evacuate the place or face the consequences. When they refused to leave the place and started shouting anti-government slogans, the police had to fire tear-gas shells and charge batons to force them out.

The Maoist supporters staged a chakkajam [traffic blockage]  along the East-West Highway after being evicted by the police. They also vandalized a jeep belonging to Surkhet-Jumla Road Project. Meanwhile, they also tried to damage a motorcycle belonging to journalist Praveen Dutta. Joint in-charge of UCPN (Maoist) Nawalparasi Drona Babu Siwakoti said the “landless people” would be resettled in the same place soon. He claimed that late Adhikari, who was also a parliamentarian from Nepali Congress, had illegally registered a public land in his name.

However, his son Madan Bhakta denied the allegation and said the land was returned to them by the government 12 years ago after 36 years of confiscation by the then Panchayat regime.

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Maoists Step Up the Pace of Land Seizures

Posted by Ka Frank on December 16, 2009

Planting rice in the mid-hills

My Republica, December 15, 2009

Maoists on land grab rampage

KATHMANDU: In clear violation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), the Maoists have stepped up their land grab across the country. The Maoist party seized public and private land worth millions of rupees [10 million Nepali rupees = $135,000] in several districts including Kavre, Sunsari, Dang and Nawalparasi, and hoisted Maoist party flags on the seized lands.

Local Maoists say they captured the land as per the party´s policy to settle landless people as the government turned a blind eye to their plight.

On Tuesday, the former rebels seized 402 ropanis [20 hectares/50 acres] of private land in Devbhumi Baluwa VDC, Kavre. The Maoists had been selling mangoes grown there, and members of the Maoist-affiliated All Nepal Peasants Union (Revolutionary) and All Nepal Landless People´s Union (Revolutionary) held a rally, hoisted party flags and announced seizure of the land. Previously, the local poor and dalits worked the land on a crop-sharing basis. Maoist joint district in-charge Indra Bahadur Thing and All Nepal Peasants´ Union (Revolutionary) district chief Jhalak Lamichane addressed the rally and said the party will go on seizing lands owned by “feudal lords” to distribute among the poor. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 1 Comment »

Kobad Ghandy Denounces Fraudulent Confession

Posted by Ka Frank on December 16, 2009

Hindustan Times, December 11, 2009

Kobad Ghandy wants to retract confession

Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) leader Kobad Ghandy on Friday moved in a court here an application to withdraw his confession to police following his arrest on Sep 20, alleging that it was fraudulent. “I wanted to retract from the forcible confession recorded by the police during my custody,” said Ghandy, who was brought to the court of Chief Metropolitan Magistrate Kaveri Baweja by the Andhra Pradesh police after their investigations.

Ghandy also alleged he was not aware of the contents of any such confessions as he was forced to sign on blank sheets.

The court remanded Ghandy in judicial custody till Dec 25.  The Andhra Pradesh police had earlier taken Ghandy with them as he was wanted in a case registered with the Karimnagar (rural) police station in 2008. Ghandy, arrested in the capital Sep 20, has been booked under Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act.

Meanwhile, the court sought the response of the Delhi Police and All India Institute of Medical Science, by Dec 16, to Ghandy’s plea for his medical treatment at the premier institute. He is said to be suffering from prostate cancer.

Posted in India News | 1 Comment »

Background to the Struggle for a Separate Telangana

Posted by Ka Frank on December 16, 2009

Revolutionary balladeer Gaddar speaking at a 2008 mass rally demanding a separate Telangana.

This article was published by the Democratic Students Union, Jawaharlal Nehru University on December 11, 2009.

Stand by the Struggle for a Separate Telangana!

Once again the people of Telangana have come to the streets with their age-old demand for separate statehood. Like any other democratic movement is dealt with by the Indian ruling classes, the AP government is resorting to massive repression of the struggling people.

Students are brutally assaulted and illegally detained; several false cases are registered against them. Educational institutions such as the Osmania University, Kakatiya University and Hyderabad Central University, which have been the epicenters of the struggle, are being forcibly vacated and virtually turned into police barracks. “A holiday has been declared in all the colleges in the region till Dec 18 and there is no reason why any student should stay on campus,” the AP Inspector General of Police said (Economic Times, 9th Dec).

Prohibitory orders have been imposed by the state government over the entire Telangana region under the draconian and colonial Section 144 to prevent any mass mobilisation demanding separate statehood. Hundreds have been arrested and even journalists are being brutally lathi-charged in an attempt to silence any voice which stands for a separate Telangana. DSU condemns the brutal repression of a people’s movement by the state, and reiterates its solidarity with the aspirations of Telangana people for separate statehood. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | 1 Comment »

Chhattisgarh Groups Plan Opposition to Operation Green Hunt

Posted by Ka Frank on December 15, 2009

Results of Salwa Judum, precursor to Operation Green Hunt

Campaign for Peace and Justice in Chhattisgarh

For the People’s Rightto Say No to Displacement and Tribal Genocide and to Demandthe Right to Live with Justice and Peace

Raipur/Dantewada, December 1, 2009

Dear Friends,

You are aware that the tribals of Dantewada district in Chhattisgarh State are continuously facing large-scale displacement from their homes, fields and forests as well as a genocide in the last five years. The first aggressive onslaught was by the state sponsored vigilante group called the Salwa Judum. In the last five months, the people of this region are victims of a war called Operation Green Hunt. Paramilitary troops along with the state armed police deployed in very large numbers by the Central and the state governments are carrying out operations against the tribals in the name of curbing Maoists and reclaiming territories from them.

In order to build public opinion and to support the tribal people in their demand to stop this displacement and genocide and to reclaim their right to live with justice and peace, several community based and people’s organisations, union and human rights groups from Chhattisgarh and outside are planning a series of activities in Dantewada in Chhattisgarh.

This letter is being sent to you so that you can block the dates between 14 December 2009 and 7 January 2010 and come to Dantewada in support of tribal people. The list of events and dates are as follows: Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | 1 Comment »