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Archive for January, 2010

Nepal: Major Maoist Analysis of Situation & Tasks Ahead

Posted by n3wday on January 31, 2010

This article was published in the Maoist Information Bulletin on January 28, 2010.

Latest Party Document

People’s Democratic Revolution in Nepal is now passing objectively through a gateway of great victory accompanied by a danger of serious defeat. A sharp and thoroughgoing 2-line struggle on the ideological and political questions and the need to develop through it an acquiescent plan to transform the challenges into opportunity is essentially a way to acquire necessary subjective strength that the objective condition demands. With a deep sense of responsibility, our party’s Central Committee Meeting, which continued for about three months amid intense ideological and political struggle, ultimately reached to a unanimous position on the questions of line. The document adopted in the very CC Meeting has been produced herewith.

Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

Present Situation and Historical Task of the Proletariat

Dear Comrades,

Today, our great and glorious party, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), has arrived at a serious and extraordinary juncture of possibilities and challenges.

The way how people’s revolution, in the external struggle, is advancing amid immense possibility of victory and serious danger of defeat, in the same manner, party’s internal life, as a reflection of the former, also lies in the midst of potentiality of advance and danger of anarchism and chaos as well. The height to which we can create new unity, voluntary discipline, self-confidence and vigour by means of a correct line, strategy, tactic, plan and programme to ensure as far as possible the decisive victory of revolution in this complex crossroads of class struggle, to that level will we be able to make victorious the revolution and party by safeguarding them from the danger of defeat and anarchism. In order to develop that kind of line and plan, we, by abandoning all kinds of subjective prejudices, must be able to have objective estimation of the situation and balance of class force based on the universal theories of MLM. The plan and programme prepared on the basis of objective analysis will enable our party to lead the decisive victory of revolution. Expressing high regard and esteem to the entire known and unknown martyrs of Nepalese people’s revolution including those of ten years of people’s war and admiring the entire disappeared, injured fighters and their family members, this plenum of the central committee will be able to bring about a new dynamism in our party. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background, Nepal News | 3 Comments »

Woman PLGA Commander: “Our Party Has Benefited from the Salwa Judum”

Posted by Ka Frank on January 31, 2010

Village destroyed by Salwa Judum, precursor to Green Hunt

This article appeared on Tehelka on January 29, 2010.

‘Our Party Has Benefited From the Salwa Judum’

In a meeting with the leader of a 100- member Naxal armed squad, the last thing you expect is to be giggled at.  That is what we were faced with within a minute of meeting Comrade Savitri of the CPI (Maoist). The reason? Comrade Savitri is tickled that because we lost our way in the jungle — the only territory she claims she has ever seen — we were seven hours late for a meeting with her.  In a candid and forthright conversation that lasts over five hours, she discusses her party’s stance in a self-declared Maoist stronghold in Chhattisgarh.  Excerpts:

Is Operation Green Hunt a reality?  On the ground, is there a war or war-like situation in Chhattisgarh?  Home Minister P Chidambaram has consistently said that Operation Green Hunt is a media creation.

Maybe he means that the term ‘Operation Green Hunt’ is a creation of the media because for the last four years, since the Salwa Judum started in Chhattisgarh, there has been an increase in the violence inflicted on the masses. We have not seen a dramatic increase in the number of troops in the last year but the level of violence and the severity of the crimes have risen dramatically. The number of innocent men and women being killed and raped by the Judum has gone up five-fold.

What is your party’s reaction?

In the last two years, in the area under my control, we’ve tried and executed seven people who were either with the police or the Judum. They were stealing from the Adivasis and betraying them to the police. I can sense your next question; we understand that the police and the Judum are also poor Adivasis in many cases. But they choose to betray their own people. Even if you don’t believe in our party’s ideology, you cannot equate revolutionary violence with state violence. Besides, armed squads are not the only way we’re fighting against the Indian State. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | Leave a Comment »

People’s Democracy vs. Parliamentary Democracy in India

Posted by Ka Frank on January 30, 2010

Comrade Sonam speaking to meeting of 5000 adivasis in Dandakaranya

This article appeared  in People’s March, September 2007

A Look into the Work of the People’s Governments in Dandakaranya Special Zone

Raago

Parliamentary democracy in India is much hailed. India is said to be the biggest democracy in the world. This democracy is known to be ‘ for the people, by the people and of the people’. The past more than half a century proved this democracy to be sham.  People of India and all over the world are vexed with the ineffectiveness and misappropriation of the ‘democratic institutions’ like the court, police, jail and the administrative machinery. Essential services like water and electricity are a point of agitation in many parts of the country almost every day.

And it is inaccessible to the adivasi population who constitute one important section of the population of the country. The presence of the parliamentary democratic institutions and minimum medical services are not seen in most of the adivasi areas of the country. It is true that the people in these areas were at a loss, away from the ‘modern’ world.

But for the past few years, things took a different turn in some parts of the adivasi areas. While the North Eastern states and some other areas are fighting for the liberation of their nationalities from the domination of the Indian state, the adivasis of the central part of the country and a few other eastern states sought a different alternative. They started forming a people’s government of their own. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | 3 Comments »

Jharkhand: Maoists Set Terms for Peace Talks

Posted by Ka Frank on January 30, 2010

PM Singh and CM Shibu Soren, planners of OGH in Jharkhand

This article appeared in the Times of  India on January 30, 2010.

Naxals accept Soren’s talks offer

SHERGHATI: In a turnaround after the installation of coalition government headed by JMM leader Shibu Soren in Jharkhand, banned CPI (Maoists) on Friday accepted the state government’s offer to come to the negotiating table.

Holding a rare press conference at Sherghati, 160 km from Patna, Bihar-Jharkhand North Chhattisgarh Special Area Committee CPI (Maoists) spokesperson Gopal while welcoming the Jharkhand government’s offer, expressed doubt over its sincerity. “Whether he (Soren) will be able to resist the pressure of the Central government and his coalition partner BJP to continue war on his own people (read Maoists) is doubtful,” he said.  “If Soren’s proposal is sincere, the government must make the atmosphere conducive for talks. If government wants to hold us on gun point and then negotiate, there is no possibility of negotiations,” he said.

Putting forth an eight-point ‘wish list’, the CPI (Maoist) spokesman said the list included immediate end to proposed war on its own people and “de-paramilitarisation” of Jharkhand’s rural parts. Gopal said all political prisoners including Central committee leaders — Sushil Roy, Amitabh Bagchi, Mohit and women leader Shila — must be released unconditionally.  He also demanded lifting the ban on the outfit and punishment for the police and intelligence officers responsible for “fake encounters”.

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

Chhattisgarh: 19 Mining Trucks Set Ablaze

Posted by Ka Frank on January 30, 2010

Government coal mine, Jharkhand

This article was published in the Daily Mail on January 27, 2010

Maoist separatists set ablaze 19 trucks of Indian Govt

NEW DELHI—Over 100 Maoist guerrillas stormed into a mining complex of the state-run NMDC Ltd in Chhattisgarh’s restive Dantewada district and set 19 trucks on fire in the early hours of Wednesday. The armed Maoist separatists raided the mining complex of India’s largest iron ore miner at Kirandul, about 400 km south of here, at around 2 am.

“The rebels sneaked into Kirandul’s 11-B deposit of the NMDC and burnt 19 trucks hired by NMDC for iron ore transportation. This resulted in panic amongst the hundreds of NMDC staff engaged in mining in the hilly area,” Lakhan Thakur, in charge of the Kirandul police station, told media.

Earlier a large number of ultras separately attacked two security forces’ camps at Chandapathar and Satnala under Barikul police station in the district, 165 km from the capital, at around 11 pm leading to a heavy exchange of fire between the policemen and the Maoists for over one and a half hours, police sources said. The five injured personnel belonged to the Indian Reserve Battalion of the West Bengal police.

Posted in India News | 1 Comment »

Mainstream Press on Nepal: Claims About Political Differences at Maoist Meeting

Posted by Ka Frank on January 30, 2010

This article appeared in My Republica on January 29, 2010.

We urge our readers to remember that it is hard to confirm whether an article like this, from the bourgeois press, is accurate. It involves anonymous “leaks” allegedly from party leaders — which is also impossible to confirm. And it is important to note that in times of great conflict, especially revolutionary situations, there is a great deal of organized disinformation — especially aimed at the perceptions of the revolution’s leadership, and the unity of leading groups.

Hardliners push for revolt, delay in integration

KATHMANDU:  Sharp differences have surfaced in the UCPN (Maoist) over the party´s next strategic move and direction. The party´s hardliners led by Senior Vice-Chairman Mohan Baidya have pitched for declaring India the main enemy and going for an immediate revolt. Baidya has also called for delay in the integration and rehabilitation of Maoist combatants to help start preparations for a revolt. Another vice-chairman, Dr Baburam Bhattarai, backed by some of the party´s influential leaders, has, however, staunchly pushed for writing the constitution and completion of the peace process.

The shimmering intra-party differences have come to the fore at the ongoing Standing Committee meeting that began on Tuesday.

Responding to Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dhala´s analysis of the current political situation and the party´s future strategy, Mohan Baidya argued that the party should identify foreign forces, particularly India, as its main enemy and launch an immediate revolt to achieve the party´s ultimate goal — dictatorship of the proletariat.

“Our main contradiction is with India, and it should be termed the party´s chief enemy…. We should also immediately go for a revolt to achieve the party´s goals,” a party leader quoted Baidya as saying at the Standing Committee meeting Tuesday. He argued for delay in the integration and rehabilitation of Maoist combatants since the party would need them for the revolt. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 3 Comments »

Haiti and Bastar: Two Disappeared Peoples

Posted by Ka Frank on January 30, 2010

This article appeared in Sanhati on January 23, 2010

Haiti and Bastar: Comparative notes on disappeared peoples

Siddhartha Mitra

200,000 or more dead in Haiti. Many more wounded and left homeless.

200,000 or more missing in Bastar. Nobody knows where they are. And many more living in Salwa Judum camps under atrocious conditions.

Wait, you might ask. Missing is better than dead, is it not so? After all, they must be somewhere, and there must be hope that they will be able to live?

Actually, not very likely. At least not for long. The jungles in Chhattisgarh are inhospitable, without easy access to food or drinking water. And there is always disease like malaria and bloody dysentery, which will get you if you if the forest does not. Even the hardiest tribals know that they will not last long hiding in those inhospitable jungles. It will not be death in a flash, but it will come very soon.

The world knows about Haiti. And no one knows about Bastar. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

Great Video Footage from the Lalgarh Movement

Posted by Ka Frank on January 29, 2010

This 39 minute Bengali-language documentary shows the people of Lalgarh in action–cutting down trees to block the police and paramilitaries from using the roads, and confronting the security forces at every turn.  It also has interviews with members of the People’s Committee against Police Atrocities.

Vodpod videos no longer available.

Posted in India News | Leave a Comment »

CPP Denounces US “Humanitarian” Interventions in Philippines, Haiti

Posted by Ka Frank on January 29, 2010

US Special Forces training Philippine army

This article was published on Philippine Revolution on January 26, 2010

CPP to US, Arroyo regime: Stop using “Ondoy” to justify intervention

The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) today denounced the US and Philippine governments for using the recent calamities to justify its deployment of more US troops in various places in the country.

The CPP issued the statement in reaction to planned large-scale joint US-RP military exercises in the coming months. Thousands of US troops are scheduled to participate in the Oplan Pacific Angel exercises on February 15 to 22 and in the Balikatan exercises on March 9 and 19. US and Philippine military officials claim that these joint exercises are geared to provide medical and other relief and rehabilitation services to recent typhoon victims.

The CPP lambasted the US government for “taking advantage of the calamities to further expand and intensify its military intervention in the country camouflaged as humanitarian work. In doing so US military forces are able to gain a foothold on significant portions of Philippine territory, particularly those considered as areas of operations of the New People’s Army, further reinforcing the position of the US as the dominant power in the country.”

Hundreds of interventionist forces under the Joint Special Operations Task Force (JSOTF) are now already permanently stationed in US facilities in Western Mindanao and actively participating in combat operations with a minimum of ‘humanitarian’ cover.”

“In reality, these forces comprise the advanced detachment of the US Pacific Command tasked to set up and maintain the infrastructure of US military interventionism in the Philippines as a long-term preparation for war against revolutionary and other anti-imperialist forces in the country,” added the CPP.

The CPP pointed out how the US’ use of ‘humanitarian’ cover for military intervention and dominance is now being applied in much magnified form in Haiti, which recently suffered from a disastrous magnitude-7.0 earthquake.

“The US government has taken advantage of the widespread disaster there to immediately deploy an initial 10,000 troops purportedly to help in the rescue and relief efforts, but actually to directly intervene and further entrench its military dominance,” elaborated the CPP. “The US intends to outrightly use its military dominance for population control to prevent an uprising and the overthrow of the current puppet regime by the Haitian peoplewho have become more and more angry at the inutility of the puppet regime in the face of the country’s grave disaster.”

Posted in philippines news | Leave a Comment »

Gopal Menon Film: When the State Declares War on the People

Posted by Mike E on January 28, 2010

This is a 15 minute trailer of Gopal Menon’s upcoming documentary on Operation Green Hunt.  The trailer contains interviews with villagers in Chhattisgarh and with Arundhati Roy.

for part 2 Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India News | 2 Comments »

Rumors about Prachanda’s Support of Koirala Refuted

Posted by n3wday on January 28, 2010

This article was published on Democracy and Class Struggle

Prachanda did not propose Koirala for PM days Janardan Sharma of UCPN Maoist

A Maoist leader has claimed that party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal did not pledge support to Nepali Congress president Girija Prasad Koirala to replace the Madhav Kumar Nepal-led coalition under his leadership.

“In no way are we going propose Koirala for Prime Minister. There should be a national government led by us,” Maoist politburo member Janardan Sharma said at an interaction programme in the capital Wednesday, dismissing media reports that party chairman Dahal offered the PM’s post to the NC president during their meeting yesterday.

The news reports on Dahal’s proposal, according to Sharma, were just part of a propaganda.

Speaking at the same programme, Nepali Congress leader and culture minister Minendra Rijal said the high-level political mechanism of the three parties was not formed for the purpose of forming new coalition and that he had no knowledge of Dahal’s offer to Koirala Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 1 Comment »

Nepal: New Code of Conduct Attempts to Divorce PLA from UCPN

Posted by n3wday on January 28, 2010

This article was published on My Republica.

Code for PLA bars flag, Dahal pix, political activity

Kiran Chapaign

KATHMANDU, Jan 19: The Special Committee on Supervision, Integration and Rehabilitation of Maoist Combatants on Monday finalized a code of conduct that bars the People´s Liberation Army (PLA) from involvement in political activities of the UCPN-M.

The code had been gathering dust at the Special Committee since September after the UCPN-M expressed reservations over it. The UCPN-M had even removed Dr Indrajit Rai, its member in the technical committee that prepared the code of conduct on September 24, 2009, for agreeing to the code. “We have finalized the code of conduct for the PLA,” a member of the Special Committee told myrepublica.com on condition of anonymity as the Committee´s own code does not allow him to speak to media.

Emerging out of the meeting Monday evening, Spokesperson of the Special Committee Madhav Ghimire told journalists that discussions on the code of conduct prepared by the technical committee have concluded.

The agreement on the much-awaited code has moved forward the slow pace of work on integrating and rehabilitating 19,602 Maoist combatants verified by the United Nations Mission in Nepal (UNMIN) in December 2007. The combatants are currently living in cantonments monitored by UNMIN, the special political mission of the UN supporting the peace process. The integration and rehabilitation of former Maoist army personnel is at the center of the three-year-old peace process that the government wants to complete by May 15.
Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 1 Comment »

Nepal: Negotiations Over Integration of PLA into Nepal Army Move Ahead

Posted by Ka Frank on January 28, 2010

This article appeared in Nepal News on January 27, 2010

HLPM to decide number of Maoist combatants to be integrated in security forces

The Special Committee on Integration, Rehabilitation and Monitoring of the Maoist combatants has decided to delegate the High Level Political Mechanism (HLPM) to decide the number of Maoist combatants to be integrated in the security forces. Representative of various political parties in the committee agreed to abide by the HLPM’s decision during a meeting held Tuesday evening.

Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal has proposed to integrate 5000 Maoist combatants in the security forces in his action plan. Nepali Congress has proposed to integrate 3500 to 4000 combatants, while the Unified CPN (Maoist) has demanded for integration of 7000 combatants in the security forces with 5000 of them in army.

The meeting of the committee on Tuesday also agreed on the structure of the chain of command for the Maoist combatants. According to the agreement, the chain of command will have three levels with government at the top. The special committee will be above the committee secretariat in the hierarchy. The coordinator of the secretariat will head the chain of command for the combatants. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal Maoists Adopt Wait-and-Watch Policy for a Week

Posted by Ka Frank on January 28, 2010

This article was published in the Himalayan on January 25, 2010.

UCPN-M adopts a week’s wait-and-watch policy

KATHMANDU: A politburo member of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist today said his party has not devised any plan for the next few days as it has decided to wait and watch for a week. 
“It is unlikely that the party will have to go for the fifth phase of agitation,” Narayan Prasad Sharma said.

He added that the party would move ahead with its campaign for national independence as an extension to the fourth phase of their movement.

  “We have not devised any plan for the next few days as we have decided to wait and watch for a week, of which three days have already passed; the fourth phase of our movement that began on December 25 has not formally concluded,” he said.

Following the formation of the High-Level Political Mechanism, Unified CPN-Maoist chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ has been expressing hope that his party’s demands would be met. 

Prachanda holds high 

hopes that the high-level 

mechanism would resolve the protracted political impasse 

for he believes that there are promises in it to deal with the issue of the President’s move to reinstate former Chief of Army Staff Rookmangud Katawal. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Maoists Demand Halt to Indian Hydropower Project

Posted by Ka Frank on January 28, 2010

This article was published in My Republica on January 25, 2010.

Maoists tell GMR to quit Upper Karnali

SURKHET: As part of their fourth phase of protest against “Indian interferences in Nepal”, Maoists have asked the Indian GMR Energy Limited, which is working on the construction of the 300 MW Upper Karnali, to pack up and leave the country.

Maoists on Monday reached the hydropower construction site at Tunibagar in Dailekh where they held a rally and asked the Indian power construction firm to halt the work and leave. The leaders said the decision to shut down the construction was taken by the party´s central committee. Maoist politburo members Dharmendra Bastola, Hari Bhakta Kandel and Khadga Bahadur BK addressed the rally.

After the rally, the Maoists held a press conference at Mahendranagar to inform about the party´s decision. “We have urged the concerned party (GMR group) to stop work from Sunday,” said BK. He warned of dire consequences if the work is not halted immediately. BK admitted that Maoists were also in the coalition government that awarded the Indian power production firm with Upper Karnali hydropower project, but argued that the government took the decision by hoodwinking his party.

“We had objected to the involvement of GMR in the project from the very beginning. Now the issue is linked with the party´s national independence campaign,” he said.  The Maoist leader said the closure of the hydropower construction may hamper the development process, but the party took the decision for protecting “national interest”. “We are not the opponents of development process. But we don´t tolerate Indian interference in the name of development,” BK thundered.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »