Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

UCPN(Maoist)’s February Statement: This Line Leads to Defeat

Posted by Ka Frank on March 1, 2010

Soldiers of the People's Liberation Army during the 10 year long People's War.

The following is the personal view of Ka Frank, one of the moderators of this site. It does not represent the collective views of the site organizers or of the Kasama Project.

By Ka Frank

In a statement released on February 1, the UCPNM Central Committee does not break new ground, other than to discuss some negative developments in the party since the PW was ended in 2006. It contrasts the “dominance of high proletarian spirit of ideological consistency, resolute unity, voluntary discipline and sacrifice” during the 10 years of people’s war to the current period that has raised “the danger of individual interest-centred unhealthy competition and new factions and splits.”  https://southasiarev.wordpress.com/2010/01/31/nepal-ucpnmaoist-tactical-summation-and-tasks-ahead/

The statement prioritizes the struggle for national independence and to write a new anti-feudal and anti-imperialist constitution–without explaining how this would be done in practice –as opposed to a “people’s constitution” proclaimed by the Maoists alone–since this would require a 2/3 majority in the Constituent Assembly.

On the crucial issue of integrating the PLA into the reactionary Nepal Army, the statement calls for linking army integration to constitution writing. This makes it clear that the Maoists are deeply involved in negotiations for a package deal with the NC-UML government and the army high command to form a new government that will write the new constitution and integrate part of the PLA into the formerly royalist Nepal Army.

All of this is consistent with the tactics adopted by the Maoists in the past month or so–aiming the spearhead at India instead of the Nepal Army and the government, calling off the street protests in order to pursue negotiations with the NC-UML leaders, and considering a deal to accept the integration of just 5,000 PLA soldiers into the 96,000 Nepal Army. (The only positive thing about such a move would be to spring the remaining 10,000 PLA members out of three years of political and military isolation in the cantonments. If they are integrated into the YCL and other party mass organization, instead of “rehabilitated” as the government demands, they could be a welcome addition to the party’s revolutionary arsenal.)

Prachanda and his allies in the UCPN (Maoist) leadership have hewed closely to this dead-end course of action since the CC document was issued in early February.  As can be seen from Prachanda’s  Feb 26 statement, his threats to initiate a “final people’s revolt” is a pressure tactic to bring about the formation of a “national unity government” with the UML–and perhaps the Nepal Congress– led by the Maoists.

This statement represents yet another distressing step into the abyss of reformist politics and negotiations to form a “national unity” government with bourgeois-feudal parties who are backed to the hilt by India and the U.S. Such a government can not guarantee Nepal’s national independence. Genuine national independence and the achievement of liberation for the people can only be achieved by overthrowing the principal props of imperialism in Nepal–the NC-UML government and the NA and other security forces. This will require the re-initiation of the people’s war in Nepal and the re-establishment of the base areas, as well as the intensification of the struggle in the cities among the Maoists’ new recruits, as the 2009 CPI(Maoist) Open Letter to the leadership and members of the UCPN (Maoist) proposes.  You can read this letter as well as other CPI (Maoist) documents at Banned Thought:  http://www.bannedthought.net/India/CPI-Maoist-Docs/Nepal/OpenLetterToCPNM-090720.pdf.

These are the two paths and political strategies that are contending in Nepal today. This is being fought out inside the UCPNM, even though this statement makes no reference to two-line struggle and simply says that the statement was adopted unanimously. Around the time of the November 2008 showdown between the Prachanda and Kiran camps, party leaders publicly discussed the content of the papers that were presented and how the debate was resolved. Continuing that tradition, it appears that one or more of the contending camps in the party decided to air its position at the recent UCPNM Standing Committee meeting in order to appeal to the Maoist mass base and influence public opinion.

The political struggle in the party, YCL and PLA is continuing, and it will have a decisive impact on the future of the revolution.

3 Responses to “UCPN(Maoist)’s February Statement: This Line Leads to Defeat”

  1. red road said

    Once again in this post-people’s war period, Prachanda is exhorting a people’s “revolt” as a bargaining chip to ‘up the ante’ in the national unity poker game. This aims to divert the revolutionary masses away from the struggle for power, and away from confronting the state and its army, into further meandering for position for “protracted reform” instead of “protracted people’s war”. Efforts must be made to support all those who oppose this path, inside Nepal and internationally, and join their efforts to relocate on the red path of revolution, new democracy, socialism and communism.

    The following article expresses one of the latest articulations of the Prachanda line.

    ‘Statute awaits final people’s revolt’
    Himalayan News Service
    2010-02-26 1:22 PM

    TANAHUN: Chairman of the Unified CPN- Maoist Puspa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ today said that a final people’s revolt was necessary for drafting the new statute.

    Inaugurating Martyr’s Gate in Damauli, Prachanda said that constitution can not be written by ignoring a political party that garnered majority of the votes in the Constituent Assembly election.

    In the newly constructed gate, names of 64 Maoists who lost their lives during the insurgency and 11 disappeared have been inscribed.

    Stating that the government was run by the leaders defeated in the election, the former Prime Minister stressed the need of a final revolt to foil what he said ‘conspiracies hatched by the reactionaries and regressive elements’.

    As the inaugural programme was conducted on the streets, vehicular movement came to a halt.

    Meanwhile, while inaugurating a school building of Sahid Smriti Abasiya Primary School at a function at Majheripatan in Pokhara Sub-metropolitan City, Prachanda said that consensus would be sought in package for the resolution of the protracted political deadlock by February 30.

    Expressing hopes that High Level Political Mechanism (HLPM) would find out the solution to the political crisis facing the nation, Prachanda said, “It would pave the way for writing the constitution and taking the peace process to the logical conclusion”.

    “The discussions would be held for the correction of the president’s unconstitutional move, constitution writing, army integration and new national unity government in a few days and solution would be sought,” added the chairman.

    Dahal, further, reiterated the party’s stance that new national unity government had to be formed under the Maoist leadership for peace and constitution.

    “New constitution and logical conclusion of the peace process are impossible without national unity government led by the Maoists”, he claimed. Prachanda also expressed party’s commitment to peace and constitution.

    Prachanda, however, charged the ministers in the incumbent government of embezzling the state fund collected by the former government.
    © 2010 The Himalayan Times Publication. All rights reserved

  2. rajesh said

    This post from Ka Frank raises the fundamental issue of the political line, which may finally set the future course of UCPNM. The formation of ‘National Unity Government’ line is openly a reformist line and, if this line prevails, UCPNM will certainly be a second generation UML, a social democratic party with a communist name. And, if the revolutionary political line (that preserves the strength of PLA, gradually frees the PLA from the liquidator’s prision (UNMIN cantonments), organizes the masses again, reestablishes base areas and consolidates them, defends the masses and base areas if and when attacked and and stands firmly on the strategic course of PPW) prevails over the reformist ‘National Unity Government’ line, then UCPNM, once again, will lead the revolution as a vanguard. There is hope as parts of the party, PLA and front organizations have the revolutionary orientation, vision and course.
    Ka Frank has rightly raised the issue of major concern. This struggle is of tremendious importance. Even if UCPNM resolves the issue of political line in favour of ‘National Unity Government’, this reformist line will be challenged from outside. Sooner or later, the revolutionary line will come into action with full force. May be, a great loss could not be prevented if the the PLA or its large number would be demobilized, but the revolution will take its course from a higher spiral and could progress fast.

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