UCPN(Maoist)’s February Statement: This Line Leads to Defeat
Posted by Ka Frank on March 1, 2010
The following is the personal view of Ka Frank, one of the moderators of this site. It does not represent the collective views of the site organizers or of the Kasama Project.
By Ka Frank
In a statement released on February 1, the UCPNM Central Committee does not break new ground, other than to discuss some negative developments in the party since the PW was ended in 2006. It contrasts the “dominance of high proletarian spirit of ideological consistency, resolute unity, voluntary discipline and sacrifice” during the 10 years of people’s war to the current period that has raised “the danger of individual interest-centred unhealthy competition and new factions and splits.” https://southasiarev.wordpress.com/2010/01/31/nepal-ucpnmaoist-tactical-summation-and-tasks-ahead/
The statement prioritizes the struggle for national independence and to write a new anti-feudal and anti-imperialist constitution–without explaining how this would be done in practice –as opposed to a “people’s constitution” proclaimed by the Maoists alone–since this would require a 2/3 majority in the Constituent Assembly.
On the crucial issue of integrating the PLA into the reactionary Nepal Army, the statement calls for linking army integration to constitution writing. This makes it clear that the Maoists are deeply involved in negotiations for a package deal with the NC-UML government and the army high command to form a new government that will write the new constitution and integrate part of the PLA into the formerly royalist Nepal Army.
All of this is consistent with the tactics adopted by the Maoists in the past month or so–aiming the spearhead at India instead of the Nepal Army and the government, calling off the street protests in order to pursue negotiations with the NC-UML leaders, and considering a deal to accept the integration of just 5,000 PLA soldiers into the 96,000 Nepal Army. (The only positive thing about such a move would be to spring the remaining 10,000 PLA members out of three years of political and military isolation in the cantonments. If they are integrated into the YCL and other party mass organization, instead of “rehabilitated” as the government demands, they could be a welcome addition to the party’s revolutionary arsenal.)
Prachanda and his allies in the UCPN (Maoist) leadership have hewed closely to this dead-end course of action since the CC document was issued in early February. As can be seen from Prachanda’s Feb 26 statement, his threats to initiate a “final people’s revolt” is a pressure tactic to bring about the formation of a “national unity government” with the UML–and perhaps the Nepal Congress– led by the Maoists.
This statement represents yet another distressing step into the abyss of reformist politics and negotiations to form a “national unity” government with bourgeois-feudal parties who are backed to the hilt by India and the U.S. Such a government can not guarantee Nepal’s national independence. Genuine national independence and the achievement of liberation for the people can only be achieved by overthrowing the principal props of imperialism in Nepal–the NC-UML government and the NA and other security forces. This will require the re-initiation of the people’s war in Nepal and the re-establishment of the base areas, as well as the intensification of the struggle in the cities among the Maoists’ new recruits, as the 2009 CPI(Maoist) Open Letter to the leadership and members of the UCPN (Maoist) proposes. You can read this letter as well as other CPI (Maoist) documents at Banned Thought: http://www.bannedthought.net/India/CPI-Maoist-Docs/Nepal/OpenLetterToCPNM-090720.pdf.
These are the two paths and political strategies that are contending in Nepal today. This is being fought out inside the UCPNM, even though this statement makes no reference to two-line struggle and simply says that the statement was adopted unanimously. Around the time of the November 2008 showdown between the Prachanda and Kiran camps, party leaders publicly discussed the content of the papers that were presented and how the debate was resolved. Continuing that tradition, it appears that one or more of the contending camps in the party decided to air its position at the recent UCPNM Standing Committee meeting in order to appeal to the Maoist mass base and influence public opinion.
The political struggle in the party, YCL and PLA is continuing, and it will have a decisive impact on the future of the revolution.