Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Basanta: Revolutionary Prospects in Nepal

Posted by Ka Frank on March 19, 2010

Here are some excerpts from a recent interview with Basanta, a leading member of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist):

The great People’s War that our party initiated on February 13, 1996 was aimed at accomplishing the New Democratic Revolution, the first stage to clear the way forward to socialism and worldwide communism. In order to achieve the minimum strategic goal of New Democratic revolution in Nepal we have been applying various tactics in compliance with the concrete analysis of the concrete conditions.

When the deposed monarch Gyanendra usurped the whole power with the strength of reactionary army, the political contradiction between the entire masses on the one hand, and the king on the other, came at the forefront. Objectively, it created a situation at which the political parties that claimed themselves as democratic ones could be brought together in a fight to establish democratic republic. Based on the 12-point understanding the tactical unity between seven political parties and ours was the correct implementation of firmness in strategy and flexibility in tactic on our part.

The abolition of monarchy and establishment of democratic republic from the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly is an important step forward to our minimum strategic goal of New Democratic Revolution but it is not the New Democratic Revolution itself.

The New Democratic Revolution has two aspects: anti-feudal and anti-imperialist. With the abolition of monarchy, the feudal institution, the feudalism has been weak politically but it has not yet been abolished. And on the other, the agrarian programme based on the principle of land to the tiller is far from being implemented. The bureaucratic comprador bourgeois has come at the fore in the reactionary power. It means that Nepalese people’s struggle to establish democracy i.e. the struggle to make the people sovereign and to resolve the land problem and as well to establish national independence is not over.It should be understood that sometimes the question of democracy comes at the forefront and sometimes that of national independence. But now, the civilian supremacy and national independence have been inseparably interconnected and the struggle for establishing national independence has come at the first place. Therefore, the struggle for democracy i.e. civilian supremacy over the state power and national sovereignty will continue till the oppressed Nepalese people get rid of feudalism and imperialism, mainly the Indian expansionism in our case, from the soil of Nepal.

The struggle for civilian supremacy and national sovereignty that we are waging now is training the masses to stand for it. In other words, this struggle has aroused consciousness further on the need to establish people’s sovereignty in the state power and national independence. It has prepared ground for the final offensive in case there is obstruction in establishing civilian supremacy and national independence in Nepal…

The imperialism never wants to provide oppressed classes the political power in any country.  Nepal cannot be an exception to it.  Rather, imperialism has been very much afraid of growing people’s strength towards the seizure of power by the Nepalese oppressed classes under the leadership of our party, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

The Indian expansionism knows that the first country that gets most influenced by the Maoist’s victory in Nepal is India. With the victory of Nepalese people Indian expansionist ruling class is on the one hand going to lose its political, economical and cultural domination over Nepal and on the other it is also aware of the fact the success of New Democratic Revolution in Nepal is going to arouse more the Indian masses against the reactionary Indian ruling classes.  Therefore India has come at the fore against our struggle to establish civilian supremacy and national independence in Nepal.  Till now, China has been maintaining its non-interference policy in the internal political affairs of our country…

There is no doubt that the entire problems like economic backwardness, misery, illiteracy, inhuman caste system, gender discrimination and national oppression by which the Nepalese people are till now down weighed are all the inevitable outcomes of the semi-feudal and semi-colonial socio-economic condition of Nepal.  It is not the end of one of the feudal lords only but the end of feudal system and its interconnection with imperialism that brings about a revolutionary transformation in the society.

However, the end of monarchy is a step forward in the direction of abolishing feudalism and imperialism from the Nepalese soil. Unless Nepalese people defeat feudalism and imperialism and thereby establish New Democratic power, there will be no revolutionary transformation of the Nepalese society except some cosmetic changes.

Everyone is aware that we are now in the constituent assembly to draft a new constitution that opens the way forward to resolving the fundamental contradictions of the society. However, the domestic and foreign reactionaries are conspiring to dissolve the constituent assembly, impose presidential rule and push the country into civil war in order to maintain the status quo. Till the last we will be struggling hard to write people’s constitution and establish people’s republic from the constituent assembly but we will not in any cost let them reverse the process. We are prepared to defeat them by people’s insurrection if the reactionaries impose unjust civil war upon the Nepalese people.



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One Response to “Basanta: Revolutionary Prospects in Nepal”

  1. CPSA said

    The old fart of the Nepali Congress has passed away. You guys, should post a piece about this.

    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/8577669.stm

    Page last updated at 10:49 GMT, Saturday, 20 March 2010
    E-mail this to a friend Printable version
    Nepalese ex-leader Girija Prasad Koirala dies
    Former Nepalese Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala
    Mr Koirala was a prominent politician for decades

    The former Nepalese Prime Minister Girija Prasad Koirala has died in Kathmandu, his aides and state TV say.

    Mr Koirala, 86, served four terms as PM with the Nepali Congress Party and led protests that brought down King Gyanendra’s authoritarian rule.

    Thousands of supporters had gathered outside his daughter’s house where he was taken after being in hospital for several days.

    Mr Koirala’s political career spanned seven decades.

    He first came to prominence as a union leader in the late 1940s, and he was imprisoned, exiled or detained on numerous occasions for championing the cause of democracy against various autocratic regimes.

    Leadership stints

    In 1960, he was jailed for eight years for his pro-democracy views.

    G P Koirala, as he was popularly known, first became prime minister in the country’s first democratic elections in 1991.

    His government lasted three years, and collapsed after a no-confidence vote.

    He played a key role in public demonstrations in the early 1990s to end the absolute powers of the king.

    In 2000 he returned as prime minister, heading the ninth government in 10 years.

    It was during that term that in 2001, King Birendra was murdered by his son – along with nine members of his family.

    By July 2001 Maoist rebels had stepped up a campaign of violence, prompting Prime Minister Koirala to quit over the violence.

    Peace agreement

    Five years later he was appointed prime minister by King Gyanendra who reinstated parliament following weeks of violent strikes and protests against direct royal rule.

    Koirala was a mass leader and a statesman, whose knowledge and wisdom guided the polity of Nepal in the right direction at critical junctures in the country’s history
    Manmohan Singh
    Indian Prime Minister

    Your memories and tributes

    He was too sick to attend rallies celebrating the resumption of parliament, having suffered from respiratory problems for years.

    In May 2006 Parliament voted unanimously to curtail the king’s political powers.

    The same month, the government and Maoist rebels began peace talks, the first in nearly three years, resulting in a peace accord by November 2006.

    The Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) declared a formal end to a 10-year rebel insurgency.

    Mr Koirala was also acting head of state in 2008 before the election of Nepal’s first president.

    Mr Koirala’s body will lie in state at the national stadium on Sunday, with his funeral later in the day at the Pashupatinath Hindu temple in Kathmandu, his aide Gokarna Poudel said, according to AFP news agency.

    Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expressed condolences.

    “Koirala spent his entire political life championing the cause of the people…” Mr Singh said.

    “Koirala was a mass leader and a statesman, whose knowledge and wisdom guided the polity of Nepal in the right direction at critical junctures in the country’s history.”

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