Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Archive for April 21st, 2010

In Nepal the Revolution WILL be Televised

Posted by n3wday on April 21, 2010

This article was published on My Republica.

Maoists plan to launch TV, papers


KATHMANDU, April 18: Maoists have planned to launch their own television channel and a national broadsheet daily to disseminate “correct information” about the party.

Maoist leader Dr Baburam Bhattarai presented a concept paper in this regard during a training session at party headquarters, Paris Danda on Sunday. Maoists have already formed two committees – editorial led by Dr Bhattarai and managerial by Dinanath Sharma — to study if launching a television channel would also be viable.

Dr Bhattarai, who heads department, also proposed to uplink the Maoist FM radio Mirmire to satellite.

According to a participant of the training session, the party also classified the Maoist publications into three categories — central, regional and local. “While the central publications will be directly monitored by the party’s top body, the regional and local publications will be handled by the corresponding committees,” he said.

He said the party took the decision as various publication houses have been found collecting advertisements in the name of the party and the party expects the new move would discourage the trend.

The meeting has categorized Janadisha daily, Janadesh weekly, Red Star fortnightly and Samsleshan monthly as central publications under the direct monitoring of the party. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 2 Comments »

Maoist Gains in India Force Reassessment of Counter-Insurgency Strategy

Posted by n3wday on April 21, 2010

The overwhelming victory of the Indian Maoist forces over counter-insurgency forces resulting in the death of 76 members of the Central Reserve Police Force (CPRF) is forcing a discussion in Indian ruling circles of the effectiveness of the India’s counter-insurgency efforts. The battle has been described widely as a massacre as if the CPRF members were civilians and not part of a counter-insurgency effort aimed at physically exterminating the Maoist guerrillas and their civilian supporters. But the event has shaken the sense of certainty that the Indian state will prevail over the Maoists. The following article, obviously written from the perspective of how to wage a more effective counter-insurgency appeared in The Hindu. While we do not share its perspective it is an interesting window on the effectiveness of the Maoist challenge.

Key to India’s failure in combating Maoist insurgency is an ahistorical, one-size-fits-all security doctrine. In essence, state responses have consisted of pumping in forces for conventional, ground-holding operations in the hope of displacing guerrilla forces; maintaining high force levels over sustained periods of time; and, using this military presence to push forward with developmental and political initiatives to deprive insurgents of their political legitimacy.

For a review of counter-insurgency doctrine

by Praveen Swami

Key to India’s failure in combating Maoist insurgency is an ahistorical, one-size-fits-all security doctrine.

Eric Hobsbawm wrote: “There is nothing in the purely military pages of Mao, Nguyen Giap, Che Guevara or other manuals of guerrilla warfare which a traditional guerrillero or band leader would regard as other than simple common sense.”

Last week, after the massacre of 76 police personnel in Dantewada, Union Home Minister P. Chidambaram urged Indians to “remain calm, keep your nerve, and do not stray from the carefully chosen course that we have adopted since November 2009.”

The last of those recommendations may prove profoundly misguided. Few of the strategists charged with executing the Minister’s ambitious counter-Maoist offensive appear to have grasped its doctrinal and tactical demands. Premised on the belief that counter-insurgency campaigns must be population-centric — in other words, dominate territories and thus deny insurgents contact with the population — the strategic foundation of India’s war against Maoist insurgents is flawed. The bottom line is this: Indian forces are losing. Last year, 312 security personnel were killed to 294 Maoists. This year, too, the figures are grim. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | 1 Comment »