Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Nepal Red Star’s Interview with Maoist Vice Chairman Bhattarai

Posted by Mike E on May 9, 2010

Baburam Bhattari

This is from the new issue of Nepal’s Maoist English journal Red Star. Dr Baburam Bhattarai is Vice Chairman of Unified Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist. The interview was conducted shortly before May First.

“….we need a continuous solidarity and support from international proletarian forces for the advancement of the revolution and defend it against the imperialist and expansionist forces attack. So, we appeal to all our comrades internationally to continue with the cooperation to defeat  games against revolution of Nepal, for the completion of revolution.”

* * * * * *

How are you analyzing the current political situation of the country?

Nepal is passing through historical transition from feudalism to capitalism. Last sixty years people’s movement as being victorious directed towards abolishing of semi feudal and semi colonial structure and replacing it with a new democratic structure social state system oriented toward socialism.

Under the leadership of our party, we waged ten years People’s War and on that basis we had had people’s movement-II. And as a result, we succeeded abolishing feudal monarchy. Basically, the social economic system has not transformed radically. So the need to complete democratic revolution is still there and our party is focusing on completing this democratic revolution in account of the specifities of Nepal and the current world situation.

Accordingly, we want to ensure this radical transformation through democratic and constitutional process but the option seems to be limited as the reactionary forces are galvanizing to fight against radical forces in the country. In that context, the option of peaceful development of revolution seems to be dating out.

What are the important decisions taken by the recent concluded UCPN-Maoist PM meeting?

In our Political bureau meeting made a review of the earlier three month action plans.

Now there is only one month left for the stipulated time of making the new constitution through the Constituent Assembly. The chances of making the constitution within this period sound quite remote as of now. And the reactionaries are hatching conspiracies to dissolve this Constituent Assembly and impose military dictatorship under one or the other guide. In this context, our party PB meeting has decided to mount a massive people’s movement starting from the historic May Day until our basic demands are met.

If the reactionary forces do not address our demands and try to suppression, people reserve the right to resist it through any means available to them. Our party has made a plan to mobilise millions of oppressed masses on the historic May Day to put pressure over the reactionary forces for the consideration of our demands.

Other parties are blaming the UCPN-Maoist to be responsible for not writing constitution on time. Are there any other options to apply by UCPN-Maoist when the constitution is not written on time?

It is a baseless charge. The demand of CA and republican set up, federal structuring and secular state were raised by us. But the so called parliamentary forces would not concede to these demands by circumstances. Once the monarchy is gone, these forces now are scared of radical change in society. That’s why; they want to dissolve this CA by imposing military to hide that conspiracy they are raising baseless charges against us.

Which Nepalese people understand very well. The CA is our demand and we are the largest force in the CA and we are in favour of making a progressive people’s constitution through this assembly. We want that CA should not be dissolved rather it should make a constitution. If they dissolve it through the military force, then it will be resisted. The future will take its own course. We won’t be responsible for that.

That means there is no other alternative than to struggle?

We are still trying to build united national government to complete this peace process and make the constitution on time. But the reactionary forces are not responding to that rather they seem to be preparing for military offensive against us. In that sense, we have no option than to go to the masses of the people for mobilizing them in millions and resist the reactionary forces.
You repeatedly talked about the mass resistance against the status quo. But what are you thinking about the formation of united front?

Since this phase of revolution is a democratic or new democratic revolution, we are in favour of forming the united front against the feudal and the imperialist forces. So, that was the reason we managed to form the united front since the People’s War was started. The formation of the united front caused very significant advances at that time. The united front will be the front of anti-feudal and anti-imperialist forces. Even now we are in favour of forming a united front with all the revolutionary forces to prepare to fight against remnants of feudalism, bureaucrat and comprador capitalism and foreign reaction. So our attempt so far. Many of the forces are attracted towards us and some of the forces have come to join hand and, we hope, in near future, we will be able to form the united front of the patriotic, democratic and the left forces in the country to fight against the reactionary forces.

At Last, What are expectation of the UCPN-Maoist with the foreign revolutionary forces?

In the present era of globalize imperialism, Proletarian revolution in any country is linked with the internation proletarian movement. In that sense, we need a continuous solidarity and support from international proletarian forces for the advancement of the revolution and defend it against the imperialist and expansionist forces attack. So, we appeal to all our comrades internationally to continue with the cooperation to defeat games against revolution of Nepal for the completion of revolution. The solidarity helps the revolution to defend it from the international and the external intervention in coming days.
Would you like to deliver any message to the people and the friends?

Through The Red Star, I would like to all the revolutionary forces of Nepal, South Asia and elsewhere. The present era of imperialism, no revolution of any country can be succeeded without international solidarity in this present global era. All the oppressed people and the workers of the world should unite against the hegemony of the reaction. I would like to appeal to all the revolutionary forces to keep it in their mind and extend cooperative solidarity to continue the Nepalese revolution.

One Response to “Nepal Red Star’s Interview with Maoist Vice Chairman Bhattarai”

  1. k sarkar said

    Some questions of theory and practice concerning the New Democratic Revolution in Nepal.

    1. From abroad, it appears:
    a. The UCPN (M) is failing to implement its current objective of ‘leading the Constituent Assembly, writing the Constitution and complete the peace process’.

    b. Attempts for country wide indefinite strikes, alongside parliamentary manoeuvres, succeeded in mobilising thousands of people but its objective is not clear..

    c. The UCPN (M) has not yielded to the reactionary demands of returning seized and re-distributed lands during People’s War, reduced integration of the PLA with the Nepal Army and dismantling the YCL.

    2.
    a. It appears that in the present stage of the New Democratic Revolution, the
    UCPN (M) considers writing the Constitution, complete the peace process as well as struggle for ‘national sovereignty’ as the principal tasks. To achieve these, the UCPN (M) considers, it must lead the Constituent Assembly.

    b. In that case, the present stage or the ‘sub-stage’ as it is sometimes referred to, is one of National Democracy. In this stage, the NCP and CPN (UML) seem to be treated as ‘allies’ within a ‘national consensus’. But the NCP largely represents feudal forces and is a tool of Indian hegemony; the CPN (UML) is petit bourgeois, status-quoist and a reserve force for India. Thus, the National Democratic sub-stage is presumably directed principally against the remnants of Monarchy.

    3. Alongside parliamentary manoeuvres to ‘lead the Constituent Assembly’, country wide indefinite strikes were also attempted. What was the objective of these strikes? Were they meant to be a secondary and complimentary tactical move to wrest the leadership of the Constituent Assembly as the aforementioned task of National Democracy? Or, were they an alternative tactic of ‘popular insurrection’ to move on to the next higher People’s Democratic sub-stage? A clear answer to this question is vital if we are to comprehend the present situation in Nepal and perform our internationalist duties effectively.

    4. If the New Democratic Revolution in Nepal is to be accomplished in two ‘sub-stages’, from a ‘National democracy’ to a ‘People’s Democracy’, and the sum-total of these two sub-stages is expressed in the slogan of ‘National People’s Federal Democratic State’, guided by the so-called ‘fusion theory’, then the UCPN (M) needs to provide us with regular guidance as the Revolution proceeds.

    5. If the planned country wide indefinite strikes were meant to advance to an insurrection, which forces were expected to take part in that insurrection? What is the class-structure of the Nepalese society? What is produced in Nepal and who are the producers? Are there industrial workers capable of bringing the nation-wide production, if any, to a halt? Or, the forces expected to participate in the insurrections are workers in tourism industries, building workers, hospital workers, artisans, handicraftsmen, rickshaw pullers, small traders, students and teachers?

    While it was clear that massive forces from the countryside were mobilised, there was not enough mobilisation of in situ urban forces. Can political power be really achieved through this type of insurrections in a country like Nepal? Can the predominantly petit-bourgeois urban population in what appears to be a society based on pre-capitalist modes of production be mobilised in street protests and thereby lead an uprising taking on the state?

    6. Side by side with the failure of intended insurrections, there appears to be the advocacy by sections of the leadership of the UCPN (M), of an indefinite period of National Democracy sub-stage. This is indeed a serious issue, which, historically has been poorly understood in the communist movement in the semi-feudal countries. The fact that Deng Xiaoping ultimately defeated the Maoists in the CPC has been seen by many as a ‘palace coup’, revisionist elements sneaking into the party leadership. On the contrary, it can be argued, that the issue of developing an industrial society with a leading industrial working class via a non-capitalist mode of production in the New Democratic stage has never been adequately looked into. The issue did not go beyond ‘productive forces determinism vs cultural revolution’. Inevitably, therefore, revolutions in all semi-feudal countries, with the probable exceptions of North Korea and Cuba, eventually failed, ultimately degrading to the capitalist development.

    7. If the path of leading the Constituent Assembly to complete the tasks of National Democracy is now exhausted and it is now necessary to move on to the next higher stage of People’s Democracy, and if popular insurrections are not practicable, what, according to the UCPN (M), is then the next step?

    K Sarkar,
    London,
    26th July 2010

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