Nepal’s Red Star: Ending Ethnic Conflict Thru Revolutionary Multiethnic Democracy
Posted by hetty7 on August 4, 2010
This article is From The Red Star, Volume 3, Issue 16. June , 2010.
ETHNIC CONFLICT OR POLITICS OF DEMOGRAPHY?
A dangerous conflict is going on between Indian Nepali people and the Khasi people. The violent actions have resulted in worse consequences and the Indian Nepali people are being chased from Meghalaya. It is a very serious issue not only for the the Nepalese origin people but also for the human being. It is very serious in the sense that Nepalese origin people are being burnt under the fire in broad daylight. However, the Central government of India is hearing nothing rather to say that it is an internal affair of India. But, the notable thing is that if only one Indian origin people is attacked by someone in the foreign land, the central government of India gives quick reaction.
The Nepalese origin people are burnt, their shelters and houses are set fire and inhuman barbaric actions are taken. (About 70,000 Nepali origin people live there.) The local administration, state administration and the central government seem to be indifferent to it. This has made the issue very serious. There are so many questions whether it is a spontaneous incident or the pre-planned. Is it only a real ethnic conflict. Or, is it a uranium debate only? Or, is it the genocidal plan? Or is it an Indian hegemony imposed by other means? These questions are still unanswered and they are under inquiry and research.
Is It Ethnic Conflict?
After the incident many of the newspapers have interpreted it as an ethnic conflict and not a serious incident that can be cooled down to bring under the system. They have easily explained that mistrust was created between the two communities. Ethnicity-based enmity between Nepali-speaking people and Khasi came to take a big form of violence.
It is false objectively because the violence is being frequently made when there is any issue to bargain with Nepal. Indian ruling class has been using this type of inhuman and barbaric weapon to fulfill their own interest in other way. The Nepalese origin people are being chased three times to date. They were chased first in 1970, in 1985 and now in 2010. The frequent attack and the violence have mostly terrified the Nepali-speaking people there. It is because a friend from Khasi community in the day turns into a murderer in the evening or at night. This is a reality that is happening in Meghalaya today. The frequent incidents happening between two communities has surely widened the gap of mistrust between the two language speaking people; however, it is not a spontaneous incident if we analyze it objectively. The surface propaganda or the superficial study about the incident does not carry any of the reporters in the depth reality of the violence happening. It is being repeated time and again
The Nepali speaking people are not the migrant people. They are local bhumiputras (son of soil) and they were assimilated in India with their own land. They are the owner of the land. They are dwelling in their own land.
The Cultural Relationship:
Khasi and Nepali speaking people have a good relationship between them. They participate in each other’s cultural programmes and celebrate jointly. Due to the long time relationship, the relationship has been changed into a marital relationship. They have a deep trust and co-work with each other. Therefore, the logic of those who show a mistrust among them that invited the violence is wrong. If we analyze the history of our own, the people do not fight each other until and unless the ruling class does not hatch any conspiracy against each other to fulfill its own interest. Big notorious battles and bloodshed are happening due to the interest of the ruling class.
If Not So, Is Uranium Only Cause:
The people are living there very happily and harmoniously in the same village and the places since a long time. The natural resources belong to the nation. If there is a mine of uranium, it belongs to the state power or the nation. Therefore, the issue of uranium cannot be the principal cause of the violence. If there is claim of the land , because it is the border area of both Assam and Meghalaya, that is the issue related to the state powers or the administrations. Yes, people in both states are involved in the debate. But the relationship among the people always remains friendly so far as the antagonistic tendencies of the powers do not touch on it. Along with it, we cannot deny that there are not any cultural, caste and the regional debates among them. However, it is not a believable thing that such a big bloodshed has not happened without any plan that is against Indian Nepali since the assimilation of the land.
There are very beautiful villages inhabited by the mix-up bloods. Though the frequent violence and the attack over the Nepali speaking people have widened the division between the two, there is a thin dividing ethnic lines among them. If we analyze only the issue of ethnic dispute from the history, the dispute is not a new one. It has been in existence since the division of Meghalaya and Assam in 1972.
Irresponsibility of the Government:
The place where the incident has happened is not so far from the posts of the security forces. There was feeling of insecurity among the people before the incident happened and people have urged the local authorities to take control over the horrifying situation. However the administration was showing indifference. Only after the Lampi incident did the state government set up a police post in Lampi. The police post was established only for the protection of Khasi people. The police post was set up there only after the big pressure from agitating Khasi organizations. The surprising thing was that there was already a border outpost of the 4th Assam police battalian near Lampi.
Nepali- speaking locals believe there may have been more killings in the hilly sides where nobody has dared to reach except the security forces. The hilly region is linked with the border area of Bangladesh, where thousands of Nepalese labourers are working in the coal mines. After the massacre of the Nepali speaking people the authorities may have buried some bodies to to save their face. However, the government denies this. Chief Minister of the state Mukul Sangma seems to try to console the people but his version is not so serious. He warns people “not to run after the rumours” and says the state is investigating the matter to find the truth.
A Genocidal Incident
The massacre is not a simple thing, rather it is genocidal. The government of Nepal is really a puppet. It cannot even raise the voice against injustice. And even they think that the Nepalese people are accustomed to bear any type of dishonour and exploitation. Nepali origin Bhutanese people have been chased with the assistance of the Indian ruling class a few years ago. And the problem has been solved by other means. That is to scatter Nepali people to the corners of the world. Under the master design of the Indian ruling class.
The puppets of Nepal are not publishing even a small notice about the Nepali speaking people who are being chased and murdered. But the conscious and the aware Nepalese people should not forget that the issue can be filed in the international court. The voice should be raised for the protection of the Nepali people.
This case should be taken from the perspective of the Indian hegemony. The Indian ruling class always underestimates the Nepali people and nationality. The Indian ruling class has post colonial character. After the end of the rule of the Gora Salub, Indian Babus from the elite and comprador class are taking reign in their hands. The working class is always repressed.
Politics of Demography
The root cause hidden behind the Lampi incident is Indian politics of demography. Politics plays the main role in the demography and the demography itself is politics. India not only knows it very well, but it also gives certain shape and size of the demography in its theoretical application. In some of the African countries and most of the south Asian countries , the Indian ruling class is intentionally extending the dwellings of Indian origin people. One of the best examples is the political situation of Fiji.
In Nepal, the political parties and the government have made an agreement with the Indian ruling class to provide citizenship to the Indian people in the name of the Teraian people of the country. Yes, there are some Teraian Nepali people who have not got citizenship yet. And they should get citizenship. However, we should be aware about it. Contradictorily, the Indian ruling class is chasing Indian Nepali from Indian territory. This is the game of demographic politics. Technically we see that the Khasi people seem to be responsible for the incident. But they are doing all this according to the plan of the Indian ruling class.
Conclusion: Accept Multi-Ethnic Democracy
Though India is called to be a big democratic country in South Asia, there is not a real practice of democracy. People cannot make decisions according to their own rationale thinking because they are deprived of the autonomous right. India is not only a country of comprador and the handful elite class ; it is also the country of multi-nationalities, multi-lingual, multi-religious and multi-cultures.
Therefore, the Indian ruling class should accept the extended form of democracy. That is multi-ethnic democratic exercise. So far India is not ready to accept the multi-ethnic democracy. It will create the plot of ethnic conflict and on the other hand , the contradiction among the ethnic groups and communities will be widened and will not be narrowed down.
Do Not Mobilize Gorkha Army Against Any Ethnic Minority
The other cause has hidden behind the deployment of the Gorkha army by the Indian ruling class. The Indian ruling class, most often, mobilizes the Gorkha army to solve the internal conflicts and the problems of the nation. Due to this, the Nepali speaking people will be targeted by other ethnicities. Therefore, the Indian ruling class is responsible for creating a conflicting environment in India.
From the above analysis we come to the conclusion that the Indian ruling class. in totality, is responsible for the incident. The investigation of the Lampi incident should be on a deeper level. The issues of uranium, ethnic conflict or the other are only assistant factors. The root cause of the problem is the Indian government. The central government of India has shown its maximum negligence and the state governments also are trying to escape from the reality.