Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for December, 2010

Bangladesh: Climate Change Migrants On The Front Line

Posted by hetty7 on December 17, 2010

bangladesh climate change migrant

This article is from ekantipur.com.

In Dhaka half a million immigrants arrive in the city each year.  This article gives a brief picture of their lives.

The Climate Change Migrants

ABIR ABDULLAH

December 4 2010 – Nature has never made it easy to live in Bangladesh.  The country is situated in the low-lying Ganges Delta formed by the confluence of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna rivers. Most of the land is less than 10 metres above sea level. It is a country swamped by annual floods, with a coast battered by cyclones and tornadoes, yet an interior subject to drought at times. With nearly 150 million inhabitants, Bangladesh is also the most densely-populated country on the planet. As warnings about climate change grow in intensity, Bangladesh is forecast as the scene of increasing numbers of climate migrants .

In low-lying areas, it is not unusual to be knee-deep in water during the flood season – some local crops, such as rice, depend on rising waters. But floods are becoming more extreme and unpredictable. Crops have been totally destroyed; livestock lost

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Bhattarai Tells Students To Be Ready For Stir

Posted by celticfire84 on December 17, 2010

“If the nation does not get a new constitution, the country will take a new turn and revolt will be a must.”

This was reported in The Himalayan.

KIRTIPUR: UCPN-M Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattarai today directed students aligned to his party to be ready of another protest.

Addressing the students in the closed-door session of the 18th National Convention of All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R), the student wing of the Unified CPN-Maoist today, Bhattarai said if anybody tried to obstruct the constitution-drafting and peace processes, students would have to unite to launch a revolt.

“Like in the past, students should be on their toes to lead any kind of protest against regressive forces,” said the vice chairman.

“If the nation does not get a new constitution, the country will take a new turn and revolt will be a must.”

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Nepal: Maoist Revolutionary Student’s 18th Conference

Posted by hetty7 on December 16, 2010

This article is from the Nepali Maoist English language newspaper The Red Star.

Kathmandu, 3 december, 2010:  All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union – ANNISU-(Revolutionary), one of the largest student unions of Nepal, has successfully completed its preparation for its 18th National Conference. The task of publicity, organization, mobilization and mobilization of the supporters and the people has been reached to the last phase. Kirtipur – a historic city and venue of the conference – has been charmingly decorated with wall paintings, pamphlets and red banners.

Inauguration of the conference is on 10th December, 2010

The conference will be inaugurated by UCPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda on 10th December on the yard of Tribhuwan University at Kirtipur in capital city Kathmandu.  The conference will elect its new central executive body and will take important decisions on national independency and people’s education.

According to the publicity department of conference preparation committee, one thousand and eight hundred representatives will participate in the conference and more than hundred thousand  people will be mobilized in the inaugural session.

The conference will be continued for three days.

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India: Maoists Planning Liberated Zones

Posted by celticfire84 on December 16, 2010

Naxals in a Base Area

This was originally written for The Hindu

Maoists Planning Liberated Zones

by G. Narashima Rao

The banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) is planning major strategies to increase its influence and strength.

An important task the Maoists have set for themselves is to create a liberated zone, in Bihar, Jharkhand and Dandakaranya (Chattisgarh). Towards this end, the party’s strike force — People Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) — is being developed.

This was stated by Prasad, party’s Andhra-Orissa Border State committee member during an interview at a remote place on the Andhra-Orissa border. A few reporters reached the place, guided by a local Girijan, trekking a small distance after travelling on a bumpy dirt track on either side of which landmines and directional mines were reportedly planted to keep the area out of the reach of the police.

The CPI (Maoist) is celebrating the 10th anniversary of PLGA, from December 2 to January 2, 2011. As part of it, the party organised a meeting at which local Girijans vowed to take over the Forest Department’s coffee plantations.

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Indian RIM group Criticizes Avakian and Nepal Maoists

Posted by celticfire84 on December 14, 2010

Symbol of the disfunctional Revolutionary Internationalist Movement

The new issue of the Theoretical Journal of the CPI(M-L) Naxalbari, No. 3 is available as a PDF here.

The Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist) Naxalbari is one of several Maoist groups in India — one which has previously expressed a political and ideological line close to that of the Communist Party of Peru (Shining Path).

Unlike the larger Communist Party of India (Maoist), this group has been part of the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement — an international grouping of communist organizations and parties —  together with the RCP,USA and the UCP of Nepal(Maoist) which are targeted polemically in this issue..

Thanks to BannedThought.net for making this available. Posting these essays here does not imply endorsement.

Contents

Wranglism Is Fine, But… 2

On The Line and Tactics of the UCPN (Maoist) 6

Appendix:

Letter to CC, CPN (Maoist), 2006 45

Letter to CC, CPN (Maoist), 2007 62

Excerpt from inner circular, 2008 67

Excerpts

Against keeping communists on info diets over major  ideological differences

“Mao Tsetung said that ‘Marxism is wrangling-ism.’ It is often quoted by Maoists. But just how good are they in wrangling?

“Do they energetically jump into ‘the ring’ when issues come up? Do they stir up wrangles when they think that vital questions are at stake?…

“How much of this ideological struggle is opened up? In the current practice within the broad Maoist movement, as well as the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM), opening up of differences, going public, is reserved for the very end, when the differences have arrived at the level of a denunciation or split. Extreme examples where ideological differences at the leadership level or between parties are known to only a few at the top most level for a long period can also be seen…”

On  cult of personality and the mistaken idea of “monolithic party”

“Digging deeper into this we come up against another bad thing carried over from our past, the contrived exaltation of leadership. This came in after Lenin. It is an inseparable part of the monolithic party concept package, along with the norms discussed earlier. And it directly impinges on these norms.

“Lenin’s authority was derived from his words and deeds which accorded with the needs of the party and the international proletariat. It was not created with a string of adjectives, oaths, name dropping or propping him up to be on par with his illustrious predecessors. In fact Lenin sharply fought against such tendencies, even to the extent of insisting on a public denunciation by the Central Committee. Precisely because of this approach the danger of being accused of irreverence to the ‘Great Leader’ was eliminated and that opened up space for critical debate.

“Once you have this style of employing add-ons to embellish a leader, rather than relying on the authority that will necessarily emerge through that person’s role in leadership, it will invariably create a feudal mentality of reverence within the party and the masses. Its corollary is hostility to criticism.

“For all the fervent talk on being scientific and critical the mood will be, to paraphrase one of Mao’s comments on Stalin, ‘Wrangle on, but don’t touch my ancestor’s ass.’”

Posted in India Background, Indian Maoism | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Interview with Bhattarai: View of One Wing of Nepal’s Maoists

Posted by celticfire84 on December 13, 2010

Correctly evaluating the international situation and its impact on Nepal's revolutionary options -- this is one of the key controversies today

This  interview appeared in Nepal’s press REPUBLICA.

In this newspaper, the interview was given a strange title “I am not a revisionist: Dr Bhattarai.” In fact Bhattarai does not say this when asked about revisionism in this the interview. Such “framing” of an otherwise informative interview reflects the approach of much of the press coverage — which seeks to play on the line struggles of the UCPN(Maoist) in particular ways.

However setting aside the distortions of certain press, there are major issues in dispute among the Maoists, and there are even potentially issues of “revisionism” (i.e. non-revolutionary politics contending within a historically revolutionary party).

As various positions are articulated, we hope to provide the materials here.

* * * * * * * *

Intro by Republica

Maoist Vice-Chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai is an ideologue and one of the brains behind the 10-year-long Maoist insurgency in Nepal. The Maoist party is currently undergoing sharp ideological differences among Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Senior Vice-Chairman Mohan Baidya and Bhattarai.

The party is having a tough time forging a common “action-plan” for implementation in the peace process as the top three leaders are at loggerheads over the party’s future course of action. Republica journalist Post B Basnet caught with him on Saturday and talked about the role of his party in the peace process.

What is your party currently engaged in?

Right now our party is engaged in institutionalizing the progressive changes in society while passing through a historical transitional phase of evolution of autocracy, feudalism and institutionalization of modern industrial state based on multi-party democratic polity. This transition has its complications.

But, as a responsible political party, we are still trying to find a way out amidst the presence of bourgeois democratic forces who believe in parliamentary democracy and us, communist revolutionaries, who believe in people’s democracy.

We are trying to find a common meeting ground where we can institutionalize a democratic system in which the oppressed masses will have their participation in the state in a new socio-economic and federal structure.

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Nepal: Prachanda Warns Against Conspiracies to Impede New Constitution

Posted by hetty7 on December 13, 2010

This article is from My Republica

The article below refers to Prachanda addressing the 18th National Convention of All Nepal Independent Students’ Union – Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) which began on December 10th.

Prachanda

Dahal to Turn Campuses into Barracks

Kathmandu, Dec. 10: Unified Communist Party Nepal – Maoist (UCPN -Maoist)  Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ on Friday warned that his party would turn all campuses and schools across the country into ‘barracks’ if conspiracies against peace and the new constitution go unabated.

Addressing the inaugural function of the 18th National Convention of All Nepal Independent Students’ Union – Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) in Kirtipur, Chairman Dahal claimed that regressive and reactionary elements both at home and abroad were hatching conspiracies against the historic achievement of democracy and republic through Janaandolan II.

He asked the students to keep themselves  in a militarized state, claiming that such conspiracies were getting more complex and intense.

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Prachanda to Nepal Students: Prepare for Revolution

Posted by Mike E on December 9, 2010

Revolutionary students in Kathmandu, May 1, 2010, photo: Jed Brandt

The following first appeared in Himalayan Times Online.

Prachanda presses ANNISU-R for revolt

by TIKA R PRADHAN

2010-12-06 KATHMANDU: UCPN-Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ today directed the party-aligned All Nepal National Independent Students Union–Revolutionary (ANNISU-R) to select a stronger leadership that can begin preparations for the people’s revolt in right earnest.

“It’s clear that nothing can be taken ahead without the destruction of all old settings of the country through one powerful blow,” said Lekhnath Neupane, ANNISU-R president, following a meeting between party office-bearers and ANNISU-R leaders at the Nayabazar-based residence of party chairman Dahal.

The party headquarters had invited the student leaders to discuss preparations for the upcoming 18th national conference of the union. “The party wants a stronger leadership in the ANNISU-R to materialise its plan to launch a revolt with a huge participation of people,” Neupane said.

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Nepal: Student Outrage Over Fuel Price Hike

Posted by celticfire84 on December 9, 2010

This was originally in SifyNews.

Students on warpath in Nepal over fuel price hike

Kathmandu, Dec 7 (IANS) For more than five months without a government and no signs yet of the caretaker government convening parliament, Nepal was shaken by renewed violence Tuesday as students went on the warpath against a fresh hike in fuel prices.

Student groups affiliated to the major parties clashed with riot police in various parts of the capital, and security forces charged at them with batons and burst tear smoke cannisters to bring the situation under control.

Enraged protesters targeted government vehicles and set at least one on fire as police arrested eight.

The demonstrations started after the caretaker government of Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal announced a fuel price hike Monday.

The state-owned Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC), that has a monopoly in buying fuel from India across the border and selling it in Nepal, has been incurring a loss of billions of rupees for nearly a decade now due to the earlier state policy of subsidising petroleum products.

With oil prices rising in the international markets, the cash-strapped Nepal government has been trying to slash the subsidy and adjust domestic market prices.

Monday’s hike, the fifth in a year, makes kerosene, petrol and diesel dearer by NRS 3 per litre while cooking gas cylinders will now cost NRS 75 more.

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India: Forming a People’s Army a Turning Point

Posted by celticfire84 on December 9, 2010

Young Naxalite cadres practise at a training camp in an unidentified village of the Dantewada forests of Chhattisgarh.

This comes from The Hindu, and documents the remarkable growth and support of the Indian Maoists known as Naxalites. Posting here, as usual, does not imply endorsement of the article itself.

Formation of PLGA a turning point in the Maoist movement

by K. Srinivas Reddy

HYDERABAD: When Naxalites announced the formation of the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army (PLGA) a decade ago, security agencies dismissed it as an attempt by the rebels to regroup their cadres and propaganda to boost their perceived military strength.

Buoyed as they were by the phenomenal success in killing three Central Committee members on December 2, 1999, in an encounter in Koyyuru, the security agencies misjudged the consequences of what was sought to be projected as a “mere nomenclature change.”

Now, the security forces are bracing themselves for intensified attacks in Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal as the Maoists have announced month-long celebrations coinciding with the 10th anniversary of PLGA formation. All these years, the celebrations were only week-long. “This means bigger strikes can be expected in Maoist-affected States,” authorities concede.

In retrospect, it becomes clear that the formation of the PLGA — on December 2, 2000, first death anniversary of the “Koyyur martyrs” — helped the underground organisation improve its military capabilities spectacularly and register an impressive spatial spread of revolutionary movement in newer areas. So much so that the Centre now deploys 62 battalions of the Central Para Military Forces (CPMF) for anti-extremist operations in different States.

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Indian Maoists on Their Heavy Loss: After the Murder of Azad

Posted by celticfire84 on December 8, 2010

Murdered Indian Maoist leader Azad

Thanks to Banned Thought for this.

COMMUNIST PARTY OF INDIA (MAOIST)
CENTRAL COMMITTEE

November 30, 2010

Dear Comrades and Friends of Indian Revolution,

On behalf of our Party, the CPI (Maoist), People’s Liberation Guerilla Army (PLGA), Revolutionary People’s Committees (RPCs), revolutionary mass organizations and revolutionary people of India, firstly, we send our heartfelt Laal Salaam (Red Salutes) to all the parties, organizations, various forums and individuals from India and abroad, who had sent condolence messages to our CC and who had condemned the brutal murders of comrades Cherukuri Rajkumar (Azad) and Hemchand Pandey on July 1, 2010 by the fascist Indian ruling classes. As all of you have acknowledged, losing comrade Azad is one of the biggest blows our party and Indian revolution had suffered. Azad was one of the topmost leaders in our party. He has been leading the Indian revolution since a long time. In our country, People’s War is intensifying with each passing day.

With the aid and support of imperialists, particularly the American imperialists, the Indian reactionary ruling classes are trying to suppress the revolutionary movement and are carrying on ruthless atrocities in an unprecedented severe manner. In this war between the people and the ruling classes, the enemy had particularly schemed to murder our leaders and concentrated on comrades like Azad who are leading the revolution. It is as part of that conspiracy that comrade Azad was caught and killed in the most brutal and cowardly manner.

Comrade Azad was leading the entire urban movement on behalf of our Central Committee and was also looking after political propaganda, party periodicals, party education and other such crucial responsibilities. He was a most experienced and popular mass leader. He maintained close relations with many comrades at various levels and with the revolutionary masses. In the midst of severe repression, he worked selflessly and unflinchingly in spite of the many risks involved. It is under such circumstances that the enemy came to know about his whereabouts somewhere and could catch him by laying in wait.

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Call to Youth of Philippines: Join Revolutionary Armed Struggle

Posted by celticfire84 on December 8, 2010

Manila police attack students in front of Malacanang, the presidential palace

Manila police attack students in front of Malacanang, the presidential palace

Posted on Philippine Revolution.

Philippines:
Underground youth group holds daring lightning rally,
calls on youth to accelerate the revolutionary upsurge and
join the New People’s Army

by Information Bureau,
Communist Party of the Philippines,
December 2, 2010

In celebration of the Kabataang Makabayan (KM, Patriotic Youth) 46th anniversary, hundreds of KM members joined today’s lightning rally near Malacañang, calling for support to the revolutionary movement’s objective to advance the peoples’war.

Masked students and youth joined the lightning rally bearing placards “KABATAAN, TUMUNGO SA KANAYUNAN, SUMAPI SA NPA!”, “REHIMENG US-AQUINO IBAGSAK!”, (“Go to the countryside, join the New People’s Army!”, “Down with the US-Aquino regime!”) “FILIPINO YOUTH, AWAKEN, JOIN THE NPA!”, “DOWN WITH US IMPERIALISM!”

“The revolutionary youth under KM declares its full commitment to advance the call of the Communist Party of the Philippines of fulfilling the strategic stalemate position vis-a-vis the rotten reactionary US-Aquino regime and its mercenary state security forces within five years,” states Ma. Laya Guerrero, KM spokesperson.

The participants of the lightning rally assembled at around 12:30 noon at the R. Papa St., barely a kilometer away from Malacañang palace, marched towards Morayta and Recto and dispersed near Avenida St. At the corner of Morayta and Recto, the group held a program that lasted for 10 minutes exorting the youth to join the New People’s Army (NPA).

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Nepal: Post-Plenum Interview with Maoist Leader Bhattarai

Posted by celticfire84 on December 7, 2010

Dr Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai

The following interview with Maoist leader Bhattarai comes from ekantipur.com, and responds to  questions about the recent Plenum of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

There is no dispute within the party about the political line we have pursued so far

The just-concluded plenum of the UCPN (Maoist) in Palungtar was expected to provide the party with a clear future political course, which would have an impact on the ongoing peace and constitution writing process. But party leaders deferred the discussion to the Central Committee and instead agreed to formulate an ‘interim strategy’ for the next six months.  Akhilesh Upadhyay and Pranab Kharel met Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattrai of the UCPN (Maoist) to solicit his views on the party’s internal dynamics post-plenum, its relationship with India and Bhattarai’s relationship with Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

Has the party come out stronger or weaker from the plenum?

The party has come out stronger after the plenum.  The party is the unity of the opposites, and in that sense the ideological and political struggle that we call the two-line struggle has made the party stronger.

In our party’s history this was the highest form of manifestation of the two-line struggle, which took place among some 7,000 party cadres in the most democratic manner. In that sense, this democratic exercise has strengthened the party.

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Arundhati Roy Responds to Sedition Charges

Posted by celticfire84 on December 7, 2010

Arundhati Roy (AP Photo/Mustafa Quraishi)

This was posted in The Hindu.

The following response from Arundhati Roy comes only days after sedition charges have been brought against her from the Indian government for supporting Kashmir autonomy.  She has been a controversial figure, making statements supporting some condemned as “terrorists” by the United States government. Arundhati Roy also authored the essay Walking with the Comrades about her experiences with Indian Maoists.

They can file a charge posthumously against Jawaharlal Nehru too by Arundhati Roy

My reaction to today’s court order directing the Delhi Police to file an FIR against me for waging war against the state: Perhaps they should posthumously file a charge against Jawaharlal Nehru too. Here is what he said about Kashmir:

1. In his telegram to the Prime Minister of Pakistan, the Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru said, “I should like to make it clear that the question of aiding Kashmir in this emergency is not designed in any way to influence the state to accede to India. Our view which we have repeatedly made public is that the question of accession in any disputed territory or state must be decided in accordance with wishes of people and we adhere to this view.” (Telegram 402 Primin-2227 dated 27th October, 1947 to PM of Pakistan repeating telegram addressed to PM of UK).

2. In other telegram to the PM of Pakistan, Pandit Nehru said, “Kashmir’s accession to India was accepted by us at the request of the Maharaja’s government and the most numerously representative popular organization in the state which is predominantly Muslim. Even then it was accepted on condition that as soon as law and order had been restored, the people of Kashmir would decide the question of accession. It is open to them to accede to either Dominion then.” (Telegram No. 255 dated 31 October, 1947).

ACCESSION ISSUE

3. In his broadcast to the nation over All India Radio on 2nd November, 1947, Pandit Nehru said, “We are anxious not to finalise anything in a moment of crisis and without the fullest opportunity to be given to the people of Kashmir to have their say. It is for them ultimately to decide —— And let me make it clear that it has been our policy that where there is a dispute about the accession of a state to either Dominion, the accession must be made by the people of that state. It is in accordance with this policy that we have added a proviso to the Instrument of Accession of Kashmir.”

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Maoists Will Defend Nepal’s National Independence

Posted by celticfire84 on December 7, 2010

photo: jed brandt

This was posted on msn.com.

Nepal Maoists to foil plot to undermine sovereignty

Kathmandu, Nov 30 (PTI) A senior Maoist leader today underlined the determination of Nepal”s former rebels to foil any plot to undermine national sovereignty.

Narayan Kaji Shrestha, Maoist vice president, said the party plenum decided to fight plots that threaten national integrity, sovereignty and independence, without naming any country.

Amid conflicting reports that Prachanda had described India as the principal enemy of the party, Shrestha said the extended conclave of the Maoist had decided to fight back Indian interference if it posed threat to the completion of the peace process and framing of the constitution.

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