Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Debate in the UCPN(M): Is People’s Democracy possible?

Posted by redpines on April 25, 2011

The UCPN(M) had done considerable work over the last year creating a party plan for mass revolt in case of continuing political stalemate –presumably meaning a seizure of power by the pro-Maoist forces and a rupture from the previous framework of blocked constitution writing. Many party cadre and supporters have believed that the party faces a choice of adopting a traditional parliamentary role in a consolidated bourgeois democracy, or pushing through the stalemates to a new level of anti-feudal and anti-imperialist change, represented by a peoples democracy. It is hard to know from afar whether the critical mass for a revolt could actually be generated by the UCPN(Maoist) over the coming months, or whether their current regular and irregular forces can contain the National Army. It seems likely that the current debate is not merely over the timing of the next advance to New Democracy, but over whether to see it as a realistic goal at all. Numerous reports of this situation have emerged in the bourgeois press. The following article is from The Himalayan Times.

Baidhya shells Dahal over tactical shift

TIKA R PRADHAN
2011-04-23 12:33 AM

KATHMANDU: UCPN-Maoist Vice-Chairman Mohan Baidhya ‘Kiran’ today presented a separate political document at the party’s central committee meeting against party Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal’s five-page document that proposes focusing on army integration and constitution-drafting instead of toeing the official line of ‘people’s revolt’ for the time being.

While Dahal’s document, presented today, has stressed the need to prepare the ‘integrated draft’ of constitution incorporating existing differences, Baidhya’s document has accused the party chairman of sabotaging the party’s line of revolt that the central committee had passed as per the spirit of the Palungtar plenum.

“Instead of practising dialectic materialism, Dahal has practised sophistry and this has made his decisions inconsistent,” politburo member Hari Bhakta Kandel quoted Baidhya as saying during the meeting.

Further, Baidhya has accused Dahal of adopting a policy on army integration and preparing a draft of the new constitution by going against the party’s earlier stance.

The Maoist vice-chairman reasoned that army integration must be concluded only after drafting a separate security policy and that the PLA could only be integrated as the fifth force or a mixed force.

In the name of creativity and originality, Dahal has stood against Marxism and lobbied for reforms, Baidhya charged at the meeting.

He said that duel character of the party leadership has hindered the implementation of the party’s official line.

Further, Baidhya claimed that the threat of constitutional crisis is a ‘wrong speculation’, ruling out the possibility of any such crisis.

Any changes in the ruling coalition is not acceptable, he said and demanded that the incumbent government be given continuity.

Baidhya also highlighted the need to launch a movement for national independence. Heated debate is expected at the central committee meeting, which will continue tomorrow.

Further information is provided by the following article from Myrepublica;

 Hardliners bash Maoist chief

REPUBLICA

KATHMANDU, April 24: UCPN (Maoist) leaders from the party hard-line faction strongly objected to the political document presented by Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal who has proposed deferring the line of revolt and focusing on peace and constitution.

“The new proposal amounts to surrender to regressive forces,” a leader quoted Dev Gurung as saying. He appeared more aggressive than any other leader who spoke on Saturday.

Gurung also accused Dahal of quitting the party´s vital stances since he became the coordinator of the subcommittee of the CA´s Constitutional Committee.

Similarly, Netra Bikram Chand argued that there was no need to change the party´s line of revolt. “There are no fundamental changes in the objective reality since the Palungtar plenum. So it is wrong to change the line of revolt,” a leader quote Chand as saying.

Chand, who is close to Baidya and is an ardent advocate of revolt, was gentle in his voice but heavily criticized Dahal for changing the line.

CP Gajurel was also very critical of Dahal. “Though we cannot fix a point of time for a revolt, there is no alternative to a revolt. So the party should make preparations and wait for an opportune time,” a leader quoted Gajurel as saying. Gajurel, who is also from Baidya camp, said that the party should formulate policy and programs aimed at achieving the revolutionary goals set ahead of the ´people´s war.

On the other hand, party vice-chairman Dr Baburam stated that he fully supports Dahal´s proposal, and added that the party now needs a new set of leadership on various fronts to implement the party´s programs.

General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa lent support to Dahal, but demanded that the chairman also bring out programs in case the party´s initiatives for peace and constitution fail.

Party standing committee member and Deputy Prime Minister Krishna Bahadur Mahara openly supported Bhattarai, while Amik Sherchan and Lilamani Pokhrel did not reveal their leanings to any leaders.

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