Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Kiran: We are still against Indian expansionism, for revolution

Posted by redpines on December 26, 2011

The line struggle in Nepal continues. One wing of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has formally dissolved the Nepalese People’s Liberation Army, authored a dubious trade agreement with India and has forced peasants to return land confiscated during the People’s War. In contrast, revolutionaries within the party maintain a commitment to taking state power and sweeping away the current oppressive apparatus.

In the following interview, Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’, Vice Chairman of the UCPN(M), discusses some of the complexities of making revolution in Nepal. One of these is the country’s geographical position. Locked between two major powers, India and China, Nepal would face a precarious situation if a revolutionary government was forced to cut off trade with those countries. At the same time, for Nepal to build socialism, it must free itself from the economic and political power India wields over the country. The term ‘expansionism’ is used to describe this unequal relationship between the two countries, without regarding India as an imperialist power like the US. This situation requires a new revolutionary approaches, like the ‘fusion’ between people’s war and urban insurrection Kiran mentions. 

The timing of this interview is noteworthy, as it comes in response to a  recent document by Prachanda, which argues that the party should continue in a non-revolutionary direction. 

The piece appeared in The Red Star, an English-language publication of the revolutionary wing of the UCPN(M).

We want to maintain a good neighbourly relation and go ahead by honouring each other’s national integrity and reverence with both of these countries.

25 December 2011

Q. Your experience with the formulation of national constitution in the last two years and the resistance by the reactionary parliamentary right wingers like Nepali congress. How do you sum it up in retrospect?

A. Our experience of Constituent Assembly for the last two years and our co-work with parliamentarian parties, including Nepali Congress, has been very complicated and bitter. In this whole process, intense ideological struggle is going on between two mutually contradictory trends: whether to build a new national army by integrating PLA in a dignified manner or make them surrender by disarming them and whether to attempt writing people’s constitution with anti-feudal and anti-imperialist content or write a parliamentarian constitution based on status quo. In this struggle our party is becoming weaker day by day.
In this course, a serious two-line struggle is taking place on the evaluation of different compromises and agreements reached from the past to now.

Q. Indian Maoists, your counterpart from India, were skeptical over your participation in the parliamentary path without the overthrow of the then existent state structures. Your party chose to restructure the state apparatus by participating in the bourgeoisie state legislature. How do you see it in retrospect?

A. Our party had initiated and conducted the great people’s war to establish new democratic state power by destroying the old one. However, without accomplishing this task we took a course of compromise and adopted a policy of restructuring the state. We take it as our limitation and obligation. It is natural for the Indian Maoists to be skeptical of our party. Our party’s practice in the days to come will provide correct answer to the doubt that the Indian comrades have expressed or will justify its irrelevance or relevance.

Q. Your nation is sandwiched between two giant powers of the south Asia, i.e. India and china. Your party saw India as more harmful than China against your revolutionary tide. Later, Prachanda, your party chairman was becoming more friendly to India shirking anti Indian stance. How do you explain this duality?

A. Yes, our country is sandwiched between two giant powerful countries of the south Asia, like India and china. We want to maintain a good neighbourly relation and go ahead by honouring each other’s national integrity and reverence with both of these countries. There are various unequal treaties, including the treaty of 1950, between Nepal and India. But, there are no such unequal treaties with China. In this sense, we oppose the expansionist attitude of the Indian ruling classes. However, we are not opposed to Indian people. We want to abrogate unequal treaties and sign up the new ones that are based on common interest and mutual equality of both the countries.
I don’t think it will be appropriate to look at chairman comrade Prachanda’s view and practice upon India as dualist. Because, it may be perhaps a question in which he showed his limitation or shortcoming in properly paying attention to the dialectical relation between diplomacy and politics.

Q. Does your party still view India as expansionist state in south Asia endangering the national aspirations of the regional entities?

A. Yes, we still think so. This position of ours is pointed only towards the Indian ruling classes, which are in minority. We look at the entire Indian people from the viewpoint of equality and think that they are our friends for Nepalese revolution.

Q. At the time of participation in election process, the armed overthrow was given a goby suggesting peaceful transition to power. You were putting forward the fusion theory to mobilize the urban upsurge.

A. Yes, we chose this way or that way a path of peaceful electoral process by diverting our attention from the path of destroying the old state power in an armed manner. Here, we have a number of shortcomings, limitations and obligations, we summing up all this mercilessly want to go ahead.
So far as the concept of fusion adopted to organise urban insurrection is concerned, it is correct and needs further explanation. In view of the development of information technology and imperialist globalisation we are trying to develop a concept of fusion in which some of the tactics of armed insurrection are incorporated into the protracted people’s war, which is principal. It is necessary to pay attention to both of its aspects: further study and practical implementation. A danger of the party being dipped in the swamp of right revisionism is growing and we are careful on it. Thanks.

From : New Democratic People’s Front (
Interview by: Suthagar & Peter

3 Responses to “Kiran: We are still against Indian expansionism, for revolution”

  1. dhrohi said

    Yes , GNLF supremo Mr. Subhash Ghising (Darjeeling)also raise the question about the treaty of 1950, between India and Nepal, in which treaty all the Nepalise people has been shown as reciprocal basis, if the people (Nepali) are reciprocal, why not the land of Darjeeling is reciprocal which land has been merged in India along with Nepali (Gorkha).. It politicalis very unfortunae, all the national political partys or ruling govt. never they raise the question for the same, yes former Prime Minister Mr Prachanda raise some qestion but scenario was not infavour to him. I think the treaty of 1950 only the benefit for Indian, it is totaly one sided treaty, Shouldj rectfy, for the future betterment.

  2. Divash Sharma said

    Following is a news item published in the Kathmandu Post Daily. It is interesting to read. However, it is a newspaper that represents the interests of the upper class in the society.

    Dahal no longer Maoist Chairman: C. P. Gajurel, Secretary, UCPN (M)

    UCPN (Maoist) Secretary CP Gajurel has said that Pushpa Kamal Dahal’s chairmanship has been confined to a formality. He remarked that Dahal is just a director of an INGO.
    Addressing a program organised to mark Mao Zedong’s 119th birth anniversary in Butwal today, Gajurel said Chairman Dahal is no longer the chairman of the cadres as he agreed to sideline the combatants against the party decision and the sentiments of the People’s Revolution.
    “We cannot accept him as the party chairman anymore,” said Gajurel. Saying that Dahal visited various countries in the name of Lumbini’s development, Gajurel said that he is only a director of the INGO related to Lumbini.
    “Someone who advocates a futile fusion of Marxism and Buddhism for peace in the world cannot be accepted as the party chairman,” said Gajurel.
    Saying that Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattrai and Chairman Dahal had handed over the combatants against the spirit of “peoples’ war”, Secretary Gajurel said that his faction is campaigning against it.
    Claiming that counter revolution has started within the party, Gajurel directed the cadres to fight against it. “Communist parties can be dissolved by capitalists within the parties. It seems like our party is going in the same direction.”
    Addressing the program, Gajurel said that the apparent two lines in the party cannot be mended easily. “Now the people will see the difference between the lines of ‘surrender-ism’ and revolution. The flag of revolution has risen, it would not bow down in under no circumstances,” said Gajurel.

    Posted on: 2011-12-26 08:19

  3. siva said

    The experience of Nepal confirms to us not only that there is no parliamentary path to socialism but also that the parliamentary path is counterrevolutionay in every sense.

    The role of the national bourgeoisie also needs serious reconsideration in the context of globalised capital, as most national bourgeoisie has either surrendered to or become partners of global capital and whaetver remains ‘independent’ is too week as a political force to arouse or mobilise the masses. They can at best be junior partners in national democratic struggles but their role in new democracy will be far weaker than in the middle of the 20th Century.

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