Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Archive for the ‘Maoist Theory’ Category

Nepal’s Basanta: Re-evaluating Prachanda and his path

Posted by Mike E on August 31, 2012

At one point the Nepalese Maoist movement declared that their approach to politics was encapsulated in an evolving synthesis they called Prachanda Path — after their founding leader Prachanda.

In subsequent years, Prachanda became part of a political move to the right, abandoning and then disbanding the essential gainst of the revolution — the base areas, the peoples courts, the Peoples Liberation Army, and essentially the hopes of revolution itself.

As radical forces within the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) regrouped, they have had to reevaluate their party’s previous decisions.

Here is one that deals with ideas and synthesis. Basanta is the political name of Indra Mohan Sigdel. He was previously a member of the  Politburo of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). His earlier 2006 article on Prachanda Path was widely read within the international communist movement. Now he is discussing the way he believes things now stand.

International Dimensions of Prachanda’s Neo-revisionism

by Basanta

I had authored an article about 6 years before. It was entitled: “International Dimensions of Prachanda Path”.

The article, published in the 10th issue of The Worker, Party organ in English, had created debate in the international communist movement. Is Prachanda Path really a creative development of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism or merely a deviation from it was the question under debate at that time. Given the development of people’s war in leaps, one after another, it was also not an easy task for them to take position against it. But, most of the revolutionary parties did not assimilate it rather they opined that it resulted from the ideological deviation on the part of CPN (Maoist).

The wave of Prachanda Path, which was said to be the synthesis of the experiences of 5 year’s long stormy people’s war, had stretched all across the world. It was not unnatural too. Party had defined Prachanda Path as a series of particular ideas generated by the Nepalese revolution. I had prepared that article as our party, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), comprehended it at that time. Unsurprisingly, Prachanda was happy with the article.

Read the rest of this entry »

Advertisements

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | 4 Comments »

Chairman Kiran speaks on continuing the revolution in Nepal

Posted by hetty7 on July 20, 2012

Kiran, chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist

This is from World’s People’s Resistance Movement of Britain.

This uncut-hour long audio is from the press conference organized on June 19th by the newly formed Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist. The question and answer session is available in Nepali. Thanks to Comrade Pooja for taking her time to make this audio available in English transcription. And thanks to World People’s Resistance Movement of Britain for circulating this.

Q: How do you justify the formation of the new party?

How should people understand this?

A: – Communist party is a party for the benefit of the proletariat and the people. In the case of Nepal, the aim of a communist party remains to move forward, raising the issues of safeguarding national sovereignty; people’s democracy and livelihood then ultimately leap towards socialism and communism. This is self-proven. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background, Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

For a revolutionary break in Nepal stalemates: Looking back and looking forward

Posted by hetty7 on June 19, 2012

“We had a type of peace and constitution before people’s war but in our analysis it was not pro-peopleto the contrary. It was a system that did not reflect their interests but only those of the entrenched bourgeois – feudal classes. Therefore the great people’s war was launched and a pro-people peace and constitution came to the forefront. But now they are trying to rebuild the system as it was before and this is unacceptable.  It will be designed to function for those who were the ruling class in the past.This creates the necessity of struggle for a pro-people settlement.”

The following is a significant statement from revolutionary forces previously within the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Increasingly they are separating themselves organizationally from the old party, and seeking to chart a new course, for themselves and the people, toward a more decisive revolutionary break in Nepalese society.

This article originally appeared in Red Front and then on Democracy and Class Struggle.  It was published two days ago on Kasama.

The Challenge for the Nepalese Revolution

by Netra Bikram Chand (party name: Biplab)

The leadership of Baburam Bhatterai and Prachanda in the Nepalese revolution has disintegrated. It has shown that rightist reactionary politics emerged again in Nepal’s history.

The situation has become difficult because their leadership abandoned the goal of the People’s Federal Republic.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | 4 Comments »

A sketch of four controversies: Communist strategy in the Third World

Posted by redpines on February 5, 2012

This theoretical essay originally appeared on our sister site, Kasama. It addresses a number of important issues, including: How has revolution occurred in the Third World? Can it occur in the same way under current global conditions? Can we apply the strategies for revolution in the third world in the advanced capitalist countries? 

by Mike Ely

A great many of us attracted to revolutionary politics in the U.S. (and similar “developed” countries) often see radical change through the prism of our surrounding society — where feudalism has been largely absorbed into capitalist agriculture, and where only a small-and-declining proportion of the working classes are on the land. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »

Nepal: New Central Committee document by Kiran

Posted by redpines on January 4, 2012

The following is a document presented to the UCPN(M) Central Committee by Vice Chairman Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’. It is long, but important for understanding the current situation facing Nepal’s Maoist party. As one might expect, it discusses many of the dangerous choices made by some leaders of the UCPN(M), including the dissolution of the People’s Liberation Army, the BIPPA trade agreement with India, and the failure to make necessary preparations for revolt.

Kiran also reaffirms that a “New People’s Democracy,” as a temporary stage in preparation for socialism, is the party’s minimum program. Kiran argues that not only is this the official line of the party, as decided on by the Chunbang meeting of 2005, but more importantly that this line “is necessary as well as possible.”

In the Chunbang meeting, the UCPN(M) collectively recognized that the reactionary parties, like Nepali Congress and the Communist party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) would try to turn the government into a bourgeois parliamentary republic. This is precisely the situation the Maoists have been facing for the past 5 years, as the bourgeois parties have been doing everything in their power to prevent a new, revolutionary Nepal.

But those bourgeois parties have had some assistance. Kiran argues that the party’s inability to move past the parliamentary swamp is due to a shift in strategy, one that was never agreed upon by the party as a whole. Referring to Prachanda specifically, Kiran notes that

“the Constituent Assembly is being taken not as a tactics but strategy. In this way, efforts have been made to end and liquidate the new people’s democratic revolution and mass insurrection.”

The piece also explains, quite candidly, that democratic centralism has broken down within the party and is “a mess”. He even goes as far as to say that the leadership of the party has “acted against the people,” and that class divisions have risen within the party. These are hard words, speaking to a bitter, difficult situation.

Ultimately though, the document is not pessimistic. Kiran argues forcefully that revolution is still possible.  His general plan affords more priority to mass mobilizations, or the “street front” than the parliamentary front. The plan also involves the strengthening of cultural and educational programs within the party, as well as the “People’s Volunteers,” a people’s fighting force that can be mobilized in the absence of the PLA and the Young Communist League. The document also demands that the party refuse to compromise on a constitution that does not meet the needs of women, oppressed nationality groups and those from oppressed castes.

The ideological divides within the UCPN(M) are deep. This document will not heal many of those schisms, nor does it provide answers for all of the questions facing Nepal. But it does show that there are revolutionaries within the party who have a broad outline for future struggle.

Thanks to Frontlines of Revolutionary Struggle for making this document available.

Kiran : On problems of the party and their resolution

1. Need for a new report:

Now, the class struggle is at a serious juncture and this class struggle has been reflected on our party’s two-line struggle. The history of Nepal’s new people’s democratic revolution and communist movement is at a new turning point.  We are in the grave type of labor pain. While, on the one hand, the conspiracy to liquidate the process of great people’s war initiated in 1996 into parliamentary quagmire is being consolidated; the revolutionary line, on the other, has emerged more effectively against this trend with a new commitment to give continuity to the Nepali new people’s democratic revolution. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

Maoists in France: Long Live the Revolution in Nepal!

Posted by redpines on December 27, 2011

Revolution in South Asia is republishing the following statement about the current line struggle in Nepal.

Long live the revolution in Nepal !

Organisation communiste marxiste-leniniste – Voie proletarienne (France)

Marxist-Leninist
Communist Organization — Proletarian Way (France)
http://vp-partisan.org

Two years ago, in December 2009, we stated: “In Nepal, that’s are the Maoists (the United Communist Party of Nepal – Maoist) who won the support of the majority of the population and organized the popular uprising that has made down with the monarchy. Today, at their initiative, a new wave of popular uprisings has just begun in the country to eliminate the power the bourgeoisie which is still powerful in the economy, the government and the army, especially since it has strong support from the superpowers, Indian neighbor in the first place. In the complex situation of a tiny semi-feudal surrounded country, in the debate and the fight of the day, the Maoists of Nepal have to advance the democratic revolution. ” Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »

What is the road to revolution in Nepal?

Posted by redpines on November 19, 2011

The following response to an earlier post about the 7 point agreement on Nepal’s Army integration raises a number of important questions. How did counter-revolutionary lines develop within the UCPN(M)? Was it due to the class backgrounds of certain leaders? Or was it due to incorrect or dogmatic views of the path to New Democracy and socialism?

And, ultimately, what is the road to socialism in a country like Nepal, which is still shaking off its feudal class relations and is vulnerable to the global reach of military and economic imperialism? What kind of transitional stages are necessary? Should revolutionaries unite with the bourgeois parties who want to bring investment from India and elsewhere to ‘develop’ Nepal along capitalist lines? The revolutionary forces in Nepal have argued that this is a road to further immiseration for the vast majority of the country’s people. 

We encourage readers to share their views on these questions.

by Kumar Sarkar

Siva said: “Leaving aside what the likes of Bhattarai and Hisila Yami had in mind when joining the Maoist Party, we need to examine how others from different class backgrounds and with healthy attitudes got corrupted– and that may include Dahal.”

Bhattarai and Yami did not ‘sneak’ into the party. Nor did Prachanda. They joined with honest intentions of ‘fighting for socialism’.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background | Tagged: , , | 4 Comments »

Bhattarai: Democracy has failed South Asia

Posted by celticfire84 on October 23, 2011

The newly elected Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai

The following comes from the Times of India. Posting here does not imply endorsement of the views presented. 

Democracy has failed South Asia: Nepal PM

NEW DELHI: Nepalese Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai has warned that if the political dissensions in his country prevent successful drafting of the constitution, the path to democracy may have to be revisited.

Bhattarai, leader of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), said democracy in its traditional form had failed the people of South Asia by not being participatory enough.

Nepal’s peace process, which is expected to lead to drafting of the constitution, has been subjected to incessant delay because the political parties have failed to iron out their differences. Offering all possible assistance to Nepal, PM Manmohan Singh had complimented the Maoist leader in an official banquet on Friday for having joined Nepal political mainstream. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 2 Comments »

Basanta on line struggle in Nepal: we are “on the threshold of counter-revolution”

Posted by redpines on September 1, 2011

Basanta is a Central Committee member of the UCPN(M) as well as one of the party’s most prominent theorists. He released this statement after Baburum Bhattarai, a leader of the party’s most conservative wing, became Prime Minister of Nepal. It describes the recent history of the line struggle within the party, and argues that this struggle has reached a crucial and precarious juncture.

“Only by defeating this kind of counter-revolutionary thinking and trend, which is noticed in some of the comrades of our party, can the revolution be defended, the people’s federal republic be established in Nepal and the door of new democratic revolution be opened. To strive for this is the task of revolutionaries at present.”

Debate inside Maoists – an ideological struggle or bargaining for the posts

by Indra Mohan Sigdel ‘Basanta


A serious ideological struggle is going on in our party now. While saying so, it does not mean that there was no ideological struggle in our party before. It perseveres in a party; sometimes it is extensive and sharp and sometimes not. Moreover, it struggle does not always centre on only one issue; but on different issues depending on time and context. The ideological struggle in our party has now been manifested in two lines, Marxism or reformism, and it has centred on ideological, political and organisational lines. It is very much piercing and serious too.

Two-line struggle is the life of a party. It is also known as the motive force of a party. Struggle is the base of unity. Mao has stressed on transformation for a new unity to take place upon a new base. Unity is not achieved through compromise, higher level of unity is not achieved without transformation and there is no transformation in default of struggle. That is why, two-line struggle is said to be the motive force of a party.

After we entered into the peace process, the two-line struggle that had surfaced from our party’s Balaju Expanded meeting has been going on till today. In essence, the ongoing struggle is focused on ideological and political questions. However, its central expression has been in different forms depending upon time and context. From the Balaju expanded meeting to now, the two-line struggle in our party has developed through different phases, which can be mentioned in short as follows.

First, the phase of struggle against bourgeois working-style. Once our party entered into the cities after signing in the comprehensive peace agreement bourgeois working-style started to dominate in the party. Most of the leaders and cadres forgot their previous bases, the poverty-stricken countryside, rather started enjoying in big hotels, in the name of building cities a base of revolutionaries. The struggle, which was waged in Balaju meeting against the danger that the problem in working-style of that kind may become a cause to liquidate party’s revolutionary line and as a result the revolution, is noteworthy to mention here. However, the document adopted by Balaju expanded meeting was never distributed in the party to study and implement in practice. Why it happened so, is a serious issue to sum up in the days ahead.

Second, the phase of inner struggle to determine party’s new tactic. Subsequent to the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly, which declared Nepal a federal democratic republic, party’s tactic adopted by the CC meeting in Chunwang had ended. In that situation, the party must have adopted another tactic right away, but that did not happen. Party did not have any tactic almost all through a period of one year after democratic republic of Nepal was declared. In the situation when the old tactic was over and the new one was not taken up it was obvious for the party not to have any plan to go ahead except cycling around the parliamentary exercise. It was necessary for this situation to bring the ideological struggle to the fore centring on what should be the next tactic. There was a sharp and extensive two-line struggle in Kharipati Convention held on November 2008. Finally, elucidating that Nepal was still a semi-feudal and semi-colonial country and the federal democratic republic was a reactionary political system, party adopted a new tactic, People’s Federal Republic, to accomplish new democratic revolution. This tactic is still valid and is awaiting its execution.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , | 3 Comments »

Women’s Liberation and Nepal’s Revolution: An Interview with Sahm Janagharti

Posted by celticfire84 on July 19, 2011

In case you missed it, Revolution in South Asia site is re-circulating this important video. Please share it with friends: send it in emails, twitter, g+ and facebook.

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Kiran on the Present Revolutionary Crisis

Posted by hetty7 on July 19, 2011

Victorious, but incomplete

This article is from The Red Star Nepal. Posting here does not imply endorsement. 

Present Revolutionary Crisis and Our Task – Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran

(This political document was presented by senior vice-chairman Comrade Mohan Baidya Kiran in the party’s central committee held in April 2011.  English version has been translated by Yuvnath Lamsal)

June 24, 2011 – The immediate political proposal presented by comrade chairman in the politburo meeting held on April 20, 2011 and also in the present central committee meeting is against the fundamental spirit of the political line adopted by the central committee meeting held soon after the Palungtar extended meeting.  Expressing my dissenting opinion on chairman’s proposal,  I, therefore would like to present a separate political proposal in this committee.

1. Two main problems at present: The country is now in a grave political crisis.  We have now two main problems. They are problems related to class struggle or national struggle and problem related to two-line struggle in the party.  The problem concerning national struggle is related to the problem in correctly identifying the class enemy and the problem in effectively advancing the struggle against it. Now the reactionaries, on the one hand, are conspiring to convert our party – Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) – into a reformist and status- quoist party by pushing it to the grand parliamentary quagmire and  should this plan fail, they are plotting to resort to suppression against our party, one the other. We must understand the truth properly. In the same way, we two-line struggle in the party is getting complicated and this is the expression of class struggle. We also must be serious on the issue of properly understanding the two-line struggle and advancing it in a comradely manner.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Joma Sison: A Marxian Critique of the Neoliberal Economic Agenda

Posted by celticfire84 on March 14, 2011

Thanks to Red Ant Liberation Army blog for sharing this. Posting here does not imply endorsement of the views presented, but we share for the interest of our readers.

 

Watch the rest of the video series here.

Posted in Maoist Theory, philippines news | Tagged: , , , , | 3 Comments »

Revolutionary Women in People’s War In Nepal

Posted by hetty7 on March 10, 2011

Nepalese Maoist leaders gathered in commemoration of International Women's Day. Photo by Jed Brandt.

The following are excerpts from Hsila Yami (Comrade Parvati’s) 2003 essay The Question of Women’s Leadership in People’s War in Nepal. This appeared originally in The Worker #8.

The SAREV site is reproducing these excerpts for International Women’s Day,  March 8, 2011.

The Question of Women’s Leadership in People’s War in Nepal

by Comrade Parvati

Introduction

People’ War (PW) in Nepal. which was initiated in February 1996 under the leadership of the CPN (Maoist) has been developing in leaps and bounds. The fire of revolution, which initially sparked a few districts in Western Nepal, has swept all over the country. According to the Government’s own account, out of 75 districts in Nepal,  PW has affected 73 districts. All these gains would not have been possible without the mobilization of the masses that are the backbone of the PW in Nepal. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Guarav: How Nepal’s Maoists Conduct 2-Line Struggle

Posted by hetty7 on February 19, 2011

CP Gajurel 'Gaurav' is Secretary of Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

“Learning from the experience of two-line struggle in our party, we have upgraded the methods to handle it…

“Several questions related to the communist movement  can be debated openly; for example, the question of the nature and characteristics of imperialism in the 21st century. It is a purely theoretical question. So, this debate can be carried out openly.

“Secondly, a meeting of the like-minded leaders, and the comrades , is quite natural. Moreover, the leaders of equal  level can also hold informal meeting with regard to two-line struggle. This is a new development.  Previously, it was not accepted because it was thought to be party-splitting activity.

“Let me add one thing here. The differences within the party, which do not correspond to the opinion of the majority, should be, as decided, discussed within the party through the inner- party magazine  Bichardhara.”

This article is from Red Star Vol. 4,  No-3,  Feb 1-15, 2011 which is available as a PDF file here.

Peace Process, Internal Affair of our Country

CP Gajurel ‘Guarav’ is Secretary of Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), the single largest party in Nepal. Despite the fact that it is the largest party, a champion of national agenda at present and a party to the overall peace process, the other parties are against supporting it to lead the new government.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

English Voice of Nepal’s Maoist Revolution: Red Star #17

Posted by celticfire84 on December 21, 2010

The recent edition of the Red Star, newspaper of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is now available in English. This issue (published July 16-31 on Krishnasen Online)  contains an important article by Prachanda (aka Pushpa Kamal Dahal) on the problems of forming the Nepal’s next government and who must lead it, the so-called program of army integration,  the question of holding the Party Vongress during the People’s War period and more.

We share this extract:

The government must be formed under the leadership of our Party

by Prachanda, Chairman UCPN-M

The Politburo meeting that was held for the long time has decided that it will lead the national united government. if it’s sure that the national united government will be formed, who will be the prime minister?

The Politburo meeting has decided that national unity government must be formed under the leadership of UCPN (M). When the time comes to form that government, our party will finalise about the leadership. We didn’t discuss it this time. The main focus is that the government must be formed under the leadership of our party. It’s the party that counts, not the person.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »