Revolution in South Asia

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Posts Tagged ‘Bhattarai’

Kalikot, Nepal: Communists protest Prime Minister Bhattarai’s visit

Posted by redpines on February 27, 2012

Kalikot is nestled in mountainous western Nepal, near where the people's war began in 1996

The Himalayan Times reports on a demonstration by members of the United Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) in the Kalikot region. This is part of the ongoing struggle within the UCPN(M) over the direction and future of the revolution in Nepal. Thanks to Signalfire for pointing this out. [Introduction by Joe]

Maoists burn PM Bhattarai in Effigy

KATHMANDU: A group of UCPN-Maoist cadres of the Kalikot district burnt the effigy of Prime Minister Dr Baburam Bhattarai on Saturday morning.

Kalikot-bound Maoists ranted slogans in the district against the PM Bhattarai, “for maintaining close proximity with India,” confirmed sources.

Agitators even aired views amid their demonstration that the upper Karnali project should be operated locally and no foreign company should be involved in it.They also said that the agreement reached with Indian hydro-power company, GMR was against the interest of Nepal, and demanded that it be scrapped. Read the rest of this entry »

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Bhattarai: Democracy has failed South Asia

Posted by celticfire84 on October 23, 2011

The newly elected Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai

The following comes from the Times of India. Posting here does not imply endorsement of the views presented. 

Democracy has failed South Asia: Nepal PM

NEW DELHI: Nepalese Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai has warned that if the political dissensions in his country prevent successful drafting of the constitution, the path to democracy may have to be revisited.

Bhattarai, leader of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), said democracy in its traditional form had failed the people of South Asia by not being participatory enough.

Nepal’s peace process, which is expected to lead to drafting of the constitution, has been subjected to incessant delay because the political parties have failed to iron out their differences. Offering all possible assistance to Nepal, PM Manmohan Singh had complimented the Maoist leader in an official banquet on Friday for having joined Nepal political mainstream. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 2 Comments »

Nepal: An encounter in Ghorahi

Posted by celticfire84 on October 7, 2011

Thanks to Frontlines of Revolutionary Struggle for sharing this.

Nepal: An encounter in Ghorahi

The People's Liberation Army has been a symbol of liberation in Nepal

by Aditya Adhikari

The Kathmandu Post, 05-10-2011

After the end of the war, Saraswati Magar (name changed), a Maoist activist from Rolpa, built a single-story, two-room brick house on a small plot of land on the outskirts of Ghorahi, Dang.

The responsibilities given to her by the party require her to spend much of her time in Rolpa, but she has a nine-year old daughter in Ghorahi, and it is to be with her that Saraswati built the house. Having joined the movement when she was sixteen, even before the formal announcement of the People’s War, her primary life-experience has been of great strain and hardship.

On the run from the state authorities for many years, she abandoned her daughter to the care of relatives when she was only 21 months of age and was reunited with her only after the peace process began. Most of her friends and relatives from Rolpa joined the party. Her husband died during the conflict, as did two of her brothers.

Life is easier now for Saraswati. She looks back at amazement at the level of physical hardship and deprivation she endured so willingly during the war. Yet, she is restless. Political work does not offer her the satisfaction that it did before; yet it still obsesses her.

“When I come to Ghorahi,” she says, “after a few days I feel like going back to Rolpa, to work on the organisation. But when I go to Rolpa, there is not so much work to do and then I feel like returning to my daughter in Ghorahi.”

Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal Prime Minister Bhattarai Speaks in New School, part 1

Posted by celticfire84 on October 2, 2011

Below is the first in a series of videos of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai speaking at the New School in New York City.  Please note the we do not endorse the views presented. We post here to inform our readers.

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A different Bhattarai voice in 2009: “We will complete the revolution”

Posted by redpines on September 7, 2011

Baburum Bhattarai recently became prime minister of Nepal. However his program is in sharp contrast to the revolutionary program and history of his party, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). One way to bring that out is to compare Bhattarai’s own political statements from only two years ago with the program he is so energetically articulating and pursuing now. 

The following is a talk Bhattarai gave in 2009,  with the WPRM of the UK in 2009, which was later republished by Monthly Review. In it, Bhattarai praises China’s cultural revolution, unequivocally defends the need to push through to a New Democratic revolution in Nepal, affirms the tactic of urban insurrection–and strangely enough–mentions the need to maintain the PLA.

“The Peoples Liberation Army is still with us, and the arms we collected during that war are still with us within the single-key system, monitored by the United Nations team, but basically the key is with us and the army is with us and we have never surrendered. This shows we have not abandoned the path of PPW. What we have done is suspended that part of the activity for some time and focused more on the urban activities so that we could make a correct balance between the military and political aspects of struggle. After some time we will be able to combine both aspects of Protracted Peoples War  and general insurrection to mount a final insurrection to capture state power.”


Read the rest of this entry »

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Two Roads Emerge over Nepal’s Future

Posted by Alastair on June 28, 2011

Two distinct lines are emerging in the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

A fierce struggle is taking place within the Maoist movement in Nepal. Thousands gave their lives and thousands more made great sacrifices during the People’s War, a decade long struggle for revolution and a radically new and better Nepal. More than five years after the People’s War ended, this dream has still not been made a reality. Radical forces in the party are calling for revolt, and they claim that the process of mergers has led to a right-wing majority in the Central Committee that obstructs their efforts. A reminder: posting does not imply endorsement of the views or confirmation of the information presented but share for the discussion of our readers.

From Myrepublica

Mergers the real game-changer in UCPN(Maoist)

POST B BASNET /KIRAN PUN

KATHMANDU, June 24: With the UCPN (Maoist) preparing to endorse the line of peace and constitution, the party hardliners have been left with very few cards to counter the party establishment, which they say is deviating from the ideals of revolution.

Backed by Vice-chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai, party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal commands a comfortable majority in the CC to endorse the line, parrying stiff opposition put up by the hardliners.

But, that was not the power equation in the party till three years back. The campaign for unification with fringe leftist parties in the recent years turned the table against the hardliners led by Senior Vice-chairman Mohan Baidya. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Debate Needed: Is Revolution Possible in Nepal?

Posted by hetty7 on March 28, 2011

Dr. Bhattarai gave a speech – Post-Conflict Restructuring of Nepal: The Challenges and Prospects –  on March 26 at  the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore.   When the entire article becomes available it will be printed  for debate on SAREV. This speech raises two important questions “What is the military situation in Nepal?” and “Is the International situation a favorable one or an unfavorable one?”  As our usual policy, posting here does not imply endorsement. This article comes from thehimalayantimes.com.

Maoist Takeover Not Near: Dr. Bhattarai

Tika R Pradhan 2011-03-26

KATHMANDU: UCPN-Maoist Vice-Chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai today said a ‘Maoist revolutionary takeover’ is impossible in Nepal at present due to an unfavourable international situation and ‘existing internal military balance’.

Presenting a paper titled ‘Post-conflict restructuring of Nepal: The Challenges and Prospects’ organised by the Institute of South Asian Studies of National University of Singapore, he said the second scenario would be a new historical compromise between the two contending political forces — parliamentary democrats and the revolutionary Maoists — to take the peace process to a logical conclusion and make a new constitution through CA to restructure the state, society and economy.

“Given the current stage of development of the Nepali society transiting from feudalism to capitalism and the prevailing balance of political forces both internally and externally, this is an historical necessity and most sensible political move for both the sides,” he argued.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal’s Maoist Debates: Bhattarai Argues for Prudence & Sub-Stages

Posted by celticfire84 on January 26, 2011

“Especially in a country like Nepal, where autocratic monarchy has ruled for hundreds of years, it  would be prudent to go through a phase of democratic republic before completing the bourgeois democratic revolution….

“The usefulness and prudence of the democratic republic phase is being questioned. It is exactly here that the differences between anarchism, reformism and Marxism come out sharply. Whereas reformists disagree with a revolutionary leap, anarchists discard the need of passing through stages and sub-stages. Marxists support both revolutionary leaps and the need to pass through stages.”

“Given the country’s sensitive position between the emerging global powers in India and China, a balanced relation with both neighbours is crucial for the success of the New Democratic revolution. It is thus prudent to focus on the internal democratic agenda to unify the country and to take on foreign domination.”

Below is a transcribed lecture by Baburam Bhattarai, a leading figure within the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) (UCPN-Maoist) given on Jan. 14th, 2011 in Mumbai, India.

This talk take place in the context of public and sharp conflict between different wings of the Maoist party — conflict that focuses on whether to press the revolution to a new stage, and what the social and political content of that new stage should be. It also take place on a terrain marked by disagreement over whether to make broad resistance to foreign domination (i.e. India) the centerpiece of this moment’s revolutionary tactics — or whether to focus instead (as Bhattarai suggests) on internal, domestic democratic transformations (and implicitly seek long-term stable relations with India).

In this talk, there is a argument that the process of revolution in a country like Nepal is a special sub-stage of bourgeois democracy — and postponing the completion of the Maoist New Democracy (the opening of the socialist revolution).

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Bhattarai Tells Students To Be Ready For Stir

Posted by celticfire84 on December 17, 2010

“If the nation does not get a new constitution, the country will take a new turn and revolt will be a must.”

This was reported in The Himalayan.

KIRTIPUR: UCPN-M Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattarai today directed students aligned to his party to be ready of another protest.

Addressing the students in the closed-door session of the 18th National Convention of All Nepal National Independent Students’ Union-Revolutionary (ANNISU-R), the student wing of the Unified CPN-Maoist today, Bhattarai said if anybody tried to obstruct the constitution-drafting and peace processes, students would have to unite to launch a revolt.

“Like in the past, students should be on their toes to lead any kind of protest against regressive forces,” said the vice chairman.

“If the nation does not get a new constitution, the country will take a new turn and revolt will be a must.”

Read the rest of this entry »

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Interview with Bhattarai: View of One Wing of Nepal’s Maoists

Posted by celticfire84 on December 13, 2010

Correctly evaluating the international situation and its impact on Nepal's revolutionary options -- this is one of the key controversies today

This  interview appeared in Nepal’s press REPUBLICA.

In this newspaper, the interview was given a strange title “I am not a revisionist: Dr Bhattarai.” In fact Bhattarai does not say this when asked about revisionism in this the interview. Such “framing” of an otherwise informative interview reflects the approach of much of the press coverage — which seeks to play on the line struggles of the UCPN(Maoist) in particular ways.

However setting aside the distortions of certain press, there are major issues in dispute among the Maoists, and there are even potentially issues of “revisionism” (i.e. non-revolutionary politics contending within a historically revolutionary party).

As various positions are articulated, we hope to provide the materials here.

* * * * * * * *

Intro by Republica

Maoist Vice-Chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai is an ideologue and one of the brains behind the 10-year-long Maoist insurgency in Nepal. The Maoist party is currently undergoing sharp ideological differences among Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Senior Vice-Chairman Mohan Baidya and Bhattarai.

The party is having a tough time forging a common “action-plan” for implementation in the peace process as the top three leaders are at loggerheads over the party’s future course of action. Republica journalist Post B Basnet caught with him on Saturday and talked about the role of his party in the peace process.

What is your party currently engaged in?

Right now our party is engaged in institutionalizing the progressive changes in society while passing through a historical transitional phase of evolution of autocracy, feudalism and institutionalization of modern industrial state based on multi-party democratic polity. This transition has its complications.

But, as a responsible political party, we are still trying to find a way out amidst the presence of bourgeois democratic forces who believe in parliamentary democracy and us, communist revolutionaries, who believe in people’s democracy.

We are trying to find a common meeting ground where we can institutionalize a democratic system in which the oppressed masses will have their participation in the state in a new socio-economic and federal structure.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 7 Comments »

Nepal: Post-Plenum Interview with Maoist Leader Bhattarai

Posted by celticfire84 on December 7, 2010

Dr Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai

The following interview with Maoist leader Bhattarai comes from ekantipur.com, and responds to  questions about the recent Plenum of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

There is no dispute within the party about the political line we have pursued so far

The just-concluded plenum of the UCPN (Maoist) in Palungtar was expected to provide the party with a clear future political course, which would have an impact on the ongoing peace and constitution writing process. But party leaders deferred the discussion to the Central Committee and instead agreed to formulate an ‘interim strategy’ for the next six months.  Akhilesh Upadhyay and Pranab Kharel met Vice Chairman Baburam Bhattrai of the UCPN (Maoist) to solicit his views on the party’s internal dynamics post-plenum, its relationship with India and Bhattarai’s relationship with Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal.

Has the party come out stronger or weaker from the plenum?

The party has come out stronger after the plenum.  The party is the unity of the opposites, and in that sense the ideological and political struggle that we call the two-line struggle has made the party stronger.

In our party’s history this was the highest form of manifestation of the two-line struggle, which took place among some 7,000 party cadres in the most democratic manner. In that sense, this democratic exercise has strengthened the party.

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Nepal Maoists: Reports Allege Discussion of Faction Allignment

Posted by celticfire84 on November 28, 2010

From MyRepublica.

We urge readers to remember that these reports on the Maoist Central Committee meeting are, at this point, still coming to us through the bourgeois press — who have their own motives and worldview.  No one should assume that these are accurate. We will post actual texts of the various positions and speeches as soon as they become available in English. Pushpa Kamal Dahal is also known by his nom de guerre Prachanda, and Baidya is also known as Kiran.

Mohan Baidhya also known as Kiran, speaking at the recent plenum of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

PALUNGTAR,GORKHA, Nov 22: Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal has held several rounds of talks with Senior Vice-chairman Mohan Baidya asking the latter to join forces against another Vice Chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai in the party plenum that began on Sunday here in Palungtar, Gorkha.

According to party sources, Dahal has already held several rounds of talks with Baidya in this regard. “But Baidya has not so far responded positively to Dahal´s call for unity against Bhattarai,” said a Maoist leader close to Baidya.

With his relationship with Bhattarai souring, Dahal needs the support of Baidya, who has a strong hold among the party rank and file, to make his party line prevail in the plenum.

Read the rest of this entry »

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