Revolution in South Asia

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Posts Tagged ‘communism’

From Monarchist to Maoist Revolutionary: It’s Right to Rebel

Posted by celticfire84 on August 6, 2011

The following came from Winter Has Its End site. We highly recommend this site to our readers.

“But everyone in Nepal is political. They worry about politics more than they worry about their own bread. They fight all the time. I couldn’t ignore this.”

A member of Nepal's Young Communist League

From Monarchist to Maoist Revolutionary: It’s Right to Rebel

The following memories came from a young Maoist student, Abhik. Abhik rebelled against his father and his whole upbringing to rush off and join the Maoist revolution. This is his story.

My story began where I grew up, in the Terai [the flat plains at the south of Nepal]. Ethnically, I’m not Madeshi. My family came down from mountains when my father inherited property there and became a landlord. He hated communists, would shout slurs condemning them, and would tell me I could never spend time with leftists. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal’s Crossroads: Without a people’s army, the people have nothing.

Posted by celticfire84 on July 1, 2011

This statement emerges from within the Kasama Project — in internationalist communist solidarity with the revolutionary movement of Nepal’s people

By Eric Ribellarsi and Mike Ely

Co-signers: Firewolf Bizahaloni-Wong, Jed Brandt, Luis Chavez, J.B. Connors, Gregory E, Red Fox, Gary, chegitz guevara, Rosa Harris, Lee James, Eddy Laing, Bill Martin, Stephanie McMillan, Giovanni Navarrete, Stiofan Obuadhaigh, Radical Eyes, Redpines, Enzo Rhyner, Harry Sims, John Steele, Kathie Strom, Tell No Lies, Adolfo V., Nat W., Fanshen Wong, Liam Wright

For over twenty years, the impoverished and isolated peoples in the southern Himalayan foothills have risen up to remake themselves and their world. Now, after the sacrifices of a whole generation, the future of their movement and society hangs in the balance:

Will the revolutionary sections of the people be able to carry through the struggle to create the radically new Nepal they have dreamed of? Or will the accomplishments of their struggle so far be consolidated into something that falls short of liberation?

Two roads sharply posed

Different futures confront each other. Those opposing roads have become concentrated in a very stark set of opposing choices:

  • Should the leading Maoist forces and their broad allies break the current political stalemate?
  • Should they prepare the people for an insurrectionary uprising in a focused way and move to break the current ceasefire and seize countrywide political power?
  • Should they carry out a program of radical social changes and take historic steps against foreign domination?
  • Should they break out of the deadlocked framework of the current parliamentary system, and create a “people’s democratic” system together with other forces dedicated to fundamental change?
  • Should they expand and mobilize armed forces based among their Peoples Liberation Army to carry through these tasks?

Or, by contrast:

  • Should they take an approach that confines Nepal’s people within the world’s capitalist order for yet another generation?

These choices don’t face each other as just a debate – but as a power struggle over two roads. That power struggle is now focused on the question of preserving or dissolving the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) – which is one of the major accomplishments of the revolution so far. That power struggle will be decided (one way or another) by what the militants and supporters of Nepal’s revolution now do – in the period ahead. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 14 Comments »

Reading Cluster: Women and Revolution in South Asia

Posted by Rosa Harris on March 10, 2011

Women and Revolution

International Women’s Day: Women’s Role in Nepal’s Revolution
Interview: Women’s Liberation in India
Hisila Yami :Women Leaders as a Catalyst Agent for Communism
Women’s Liberation Theory from Nepal Revolutionaries

The Lives of Women

One More Reason for Revolution: Sex Trade in South Asia
Life in the Maoist PLGA: Men Cook, Women Patrol
India: The Story of a Rebel’s Birth
WPRM Interview: On Women’s Liberation in Nepal

More Kasama Reading Clusters can be found here.

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Leupp: A Maoist Sweep — Electoral Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008


By Gary Leupp

The following article appeared on Counterpunch Apri1 16, 2008.

It ought to be the ballot heard ’round the world. It ought to be front page news. But chances are you haven’t yet learned that the Maoists of Nepal have apparently swept to power in an election that international monitors acknowledge was free and fair. Having led a People’s War from 1996 to 2006, having suspended the armed struggle and making a strategic decision to seek power through electoral means, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has apparently acquired an absolute majority in national elections for a constitutional assembly.

Prime Minister Girija Koirala, representing the Nepali Congress Party, has congratulated CPI(M) leader on the success of his party. The Congress Party, aligned with its Indian counterpart and traditionally supportive of the Nepali monarchy and its Hindu religious trappings, seems to have come in a distant third in the national vote, behind the Communist Party (United Marxist-Leninist). The latter, having spurned Maoist overtures to unite, is in crisis; its leader has resigned and declared it “morally inappropriate” to continue to participate in the current coalition government.

It looks as though Maoist leader Prachanda will emerge as national leader under the presidential system his party advocates. The constitutional assembly will shape a new Nepal as a secular republic. Land reform, laws against debt servitude and child marriage, laws liberating “outcastes” will follow. The Maoists regard Nepal as a pre-capitalist country, which requires a period of capitalist development before it can embark on socialist construction. They say they welcome foreign investment and tourism. They want friendly relations with neighboring China and India. They want to build a railroad conveying Buddhist pilgrims from Tibet to Nepali religious sites. They want, with some help from Jimmy Carter, to persuade the U.S. State Department to remove their name fro the list of “international terrorist organizations.”

They also want to plant the Red Flag on Mt. Everest, big enough so it might be seen from the moon, like the Great Wall of China. That’s what they’ve said.

Realism and poetry. A vision for today, and for tomorrow. The Maoists of India (in particular, the Communist Party of India [Maoist]) continue their People’s War, creating the red corridor that extends from Andra Pradesh up to the Nepali border. They have expressed doubts about the Nepali comrades’ strategy of participation in elections, and emphasized their dedication to Mao’s dictum that “political power grows out of the barrel of the gun.” But they will take heart in the Nepali Maoists’ victory. Unless the Nepali Army (formerly the Nepal Royal Army and still led by pro-monarchist and anti-communist generals), or external forces move to prevent the Maoists’ rise to power, Nepal will emerge as the base-area of global revolution. That’s something else the Maoists have said.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: And Now the Question of Armies….

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008

by Mike Ely

Two of Mao’s most famous sayings come to mind, over and over, while studying events in Nepal:

“Political power grows from the barrel of a gun.”

“The people and the people alone are the motive force in history.”

The first one should be a reminder: Leading a government is not the same as seizing state power. Winning an election is a sign of who has won the hearts of the people, but state power ultimately rests on the question of who controls military forces within the country.

That was the heart of the political dilemma, and the tragedy, in Chile (over the early 1970s): The socialist forces of Salvadore Allende won the hearts of the votes, and won the presidency, but did not have the organized military force to face (or defeat) the reactionary Chilean army. The CIA and Chilean high command plotted a military coup, that unleashed a vicious counterrevolution. Allende was killed in the coup, and many thousands of radical activists and supporters were rounded up, tortured and murdered.

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News of the Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 13, 2008

>> Click here for our latest coverage <<

* * * * * *

13/04 Press Release DEAN overview of the April 10 Constituent Assembly Elections Conduct

13/04 News India says it is ready work with Maoists

13/04 News Home Minister Sitaula defeated, Hridayesh Tripathy win

13/04 News Victorious Prachanda meets Koirala

13/04 News Maoists bag 70 seats; NC, UML competing for second place

13/04 News More stalwarts out, more Maoists in

13/04 News Maoists lead with 50 seats; UML win 15, NC 14, MPRF 7, NWPP 2, TMDP 1, NSP-M 1, PFN 1

13/04 News Morally inappropriate to continue in govt, says MK Nepal

Read the rest of this entry »

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India’s Maoists: “We will Talk About Justice”

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 6, 2008

Govidan Kutty, editor of People\'s March, IndiaNote from Ka Frank: In this speech, Govindan Kutty describes his experience in jail in Kerala until his release on February 24, as a result of an intense campaign exposing his jailing as an attack on freedom of press in India. Kutty also relates how he received warm support from political prisoners serving long terms in Viyyur jail, and how this support speeded his release. The speech was delivered at the founding meeting of the Committee for the Release of Political Prisoners, held New Delhi March 31-April 1 2008.

By P. Govindan Kutty, Editor, People’s March, India

Dear friends, Let them talk about law……………. We will talk about justice.

You all know very well that I bring out People’s March from Jun 2003 which is legal magazine Registered with the Registrar of Newspapers of Government of India and is permitted to post at concessional rates by the Postal Department. It was also put on our dedicated web http://www.peoplesmarch.com from Jun 2003. From the very beginning my residence was put under the vigilance scanner of the Government of India. The CBI, IB and Special Branch sleuths used to come to my residence regularly under the pretext of getting a copy of People’s March.

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Dave Pugh: Nandigram and the Struggle against Forced Displacement in India

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 4, 2008

farmernadigram3.jpgby Dave Pugh

In January and March 2007, tens of thousands of peasants at Nandigram in West Bengal, India rose up to defend their land. By the time their struggle abated, the peasants had stopped the plans of the Left Front government in West Bengal to build a giant chemical complex on their land, and they had driven the police and the armed cadre of the CPI (Marxist) entirely out of the Nandigram area for eight months. This struggle radically transformed the political terrain in the growing struggle against the hundreds of “Special Economic Zones” that are being planned and built from one end of India to another.

Based on legislation passed in 2005, Special Economic Zones are enclaves of new industry and infrastructure. SEZs offer hefty exemptions from taxes on profits, no tariffs, and exemptions from most labor legislation. Since SEZs are treated as “public service utilities,” strikes are illegal. SEZs are aptly called Special Exploitation Zones by Indian activists because they allow big Indian capitalists and multinational corporations to extract high rates of profit from their workers and plunder India’s natural resources. Though not yet on the same scale as the sprawling economic zones of southeast China, over 500 SEZs have been approved by the Central and State authorities. Most of them are under construction or in the process of land acquisition.

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Posted in India News | Tagged: , , , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Interview: An Inside Look at Maoist Strategy in India

Posted by Rosa Harris on March 29, 2008

farmernadigram.jpgThis is an interview with G.N. Saibaba, the Deputy Secretary of the Revolutionary Democratic Front (RDF), an All Indian Federation of Revolutionary People’s Organisations. He is 40 years old and was born in Andhra Pradesh, a state in southern India. The new Norwegian party Rødt [Red!] conducted this interview in early December when Saibaba was in Norway for the memorial service for Tron Øgrim. The interview was conducted in English. Thanks to the Fire on the Mountain blog for posting it.

Red!: If someone said to you that the Maoist movement in India is a marginal movement that is mainly operating in very backward, lowly populated areas, and it has been doing so for over thirty-five years without getting anywhere, what would be your answer?

Saibaba:The Maoist movement in India is not confined to the backward areas. It’s a vast movement, and includes the “developed” areas. Maoists work both in the countryside and the cities. The government says that the Maoists are active in 15 out of 28 states. And these include the major states. The Union Home Ministry says that 167 districts out total 600 districts in the country are covered by Maoists. This is a little less than 1/3 of India.

The Maoists in India follow the New Democratic Revolutionary method proved successful in China under the leadership of Mao. This method follows that the revolutionary movement must put priority on working in the areas where the state is weak. The Maoists work in the backward regions to smash the local reactionaries’ power and establish people’s power. They build revolutionary mass bases in these backward areas. This doesn’t mean that they don’t also work in the cities. In fact, in the Congress of the CPI (Maoist) held in January/February 2007, they decided to increase their work in the urban areas. They have produced a new document concerning work in the urban areas that analyses the work done in the last thirty years. This document sets out a strategy for developing the work in the urban areas.

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Sri Lankan Maoists’ Thousand Flowers: Editorial

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 28, 2008

lilikoiflower_sm.jpg Kasama has received a new theoretical journal “Thousand Flowers” created by Maoist forces in Sri Lanka. We plan to publish a few articles from it here online, and work with others to make the whole issue available. (Thanks to Maoist Revolution list.) Read over the table of contents and share with us which essays you think are most important to post and discuss.

Editorial from the First Issue of Thousand Flowers

Thousand Flowers is intended to train a new generation of revolutionaries in grasping and applying the science of Marxism-Leninism- Maoism as a foundation for building the Ceylon Communist Party-Maoist . The objective is to build a new leadership that can formulate and solve the concrete problems of the Sri Lanka revolution. Through critical analysis and discussion, Thousand Flowers hopes to charter the scientific theory, strategy and path of the Lankan revolution.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Sri Lankan Maoists’ Thousand Flowers: Contents & PDF

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 23, 2008

changwlee_3.jpgKasama has received a new theoretical journal “Thousand Flowers” created by Maoist forces in Sri Lanka We plan to publish a few articles from it here online, and work with others to make the whole issue available. (Thanks to Maoist Revolution list.) Read over the table of contents and share with us which essays you think are most important to post and discuss.

For a complete pdf file of this journal. (thanks to Eric Odell.)

Note: While “Thousand Flowers” describes itself as the journal of the Ceylonese Communist Party (Maoist) — it is worth pointing out that several different centers and lines claim continuity with that party. Read the rest of this entry »

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Sri Lankan Maoists’ Thousand Flowers: Open Letter to Communist Forces

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 23, 2008

ranweli-75.jpgKasama has received a new theoretical journal “Thousand Flowers” created by Maoist forces in Sri Lanka We plan to publish a few articles from it here online, and work with others to make the whole issue available. (Thanks to Maoist Revolution list.) Read over the table of contents and share with us which essays you think are most important to post and discuss.

Open Letter To Genuine Communist Revolutionary Forces.

By Comrade Surendra, Chairman, Ceylon Communist Party-Maoist

We have all experienced the disintegration of the proletarian revolutionary movement in our country. This is a tragic development given the historic challenges and opportunities facing the international proletariat and the oppressed people of the world. While many have abandoned revolution and sought secure pastures, others have stayed on the high road of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, Socialism and Communism, upholding the crimson path of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Mao. Some of us, along with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM), have adopted Maoism as the highest stage in the development of Marxism-Leninism, while upholding the path of the new democratic revolution and protracted people’s war. Some have formed rival parties claiming the legacy of the CCP-M and of Comrade Shan. Some have formed small groups to sustain their own class limitations and personal needs. However, all these trends remain divorced from scientific revolutionary practice, from the masses, and from concrete reality. Their activity has no link to advancing the revolutionary class struggle towards the goal of Communism. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Sri Lanka Background | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | 7 Comments »

Nepal’s Maoists: Revolutions Can’t Be Copied, Only Developed

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 8, 2008

Worker #11Our ongoing discussion of the Nepali Maoists — their tactics and their underlying thinking — can now take a new leap based on this new material. Kasama site is going to start publishing major articles from the Worker #11 which has gathered diverse articles on burning questions that face the world revolution. We will publish a new piece every few days — giving everyone some time to digest and debate each of them in turn.This is the second piece we have posted from Worker #11. (Thanks to Single Spark for making this available.)

Our discussion is focused in one thread here.

No revolution can be replicated but developed

By Basanta , The Worker #11, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), July 2007, pp. pp. 15-24.

Read the rest of this entry »

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News: Nepal’s Maoists Revive Revolutionary People’s Council

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 7, 2008

Maoists in NepalThis news report is not yet confirmed from other directions. (Thanks to Scott for forwarding this.)

KATHMANDU, Feb 6 [Kantipur Report] In a surprising turn of events CPN-Maoist Wednesday announced that it would revive the United Revolutionary People’s Council (URPC)—a wartime structure it had dissolved a few months back– to address the problems face by the general public.The URPC, the self-claimed Maoists’ parallel governing mechanism, was in function alongside the state governance during over a decade-long armed conflict.

According to Maoists, the URPC will resolve the problems faced by the people and supporting the infrastructure development as the local bodies could not be restructured as per the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Interim Constitution.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , , , , , | 2 Comments »

Nepal’s Maoists: On Their Tactics and Creative Marxism

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 5, 2008

tikapur_nepal_2005.jpgOur ongoing discussion of the Nepali Maoists — their tactics and their underlying thinking — can now take a new leap based on this new material. Kasama site is going to start publishing major articles from the Worker #11 which has gathered diverse articles on burning questions that face the world revolution. We will publish a new piece every few days — giving everyone some time to digest and debate each of them in turn. (Thanks to Single Spark for all the hard work done in making this available.)

Let’s focus our discussion in one common thread — so please post your comments there.

New Tactics: challenges and opportunities

By Com. Gaurav, The Worker #11, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), July 2007, pp. 11-14.

We have to make revolution at the point of time when there is neither socialist block or socialist base nor even a socialist state to support the revolution from out side. However, it is not the first time in the history of the world proletarian revolution that this type of situation our class, the proletariat and the oppressed people of the world had to encounter with. When our class threw itself in a great adventure of overthrowing the rule of bourgeoisie by making revolution in a capitalist country, which gave birth to Paris Commune, an exemplary event in the entire history of mankind, had no scope of acquiring support from any state from out side.

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