Revolution in South Asia

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Posts Tagged ‘Communist Politics’

Nepal: Peoples Army

Posted by Rosa Harris on January 10, 2008

In April 2006, after long years of Maoist peoples war in Nepal’s countryside, a powerful mass movement broke out in the country’s urban areas demanding an overthrow of the hated monarchy. The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) initiated a series of political shifts, seeking to deepen its political connection with the rebelling urban masses — moves which the party describes as a part of its creative approach toward the seizure of power.

As part of this political offensive and accompanying negotiations, the Maoists agreed to move their armed forces into “cantonments” under international supervision and to store its weapons in nearby depots. This suspension of the armed struggle has been highly controversial among communists internationally — as have other tactics of the Nepali Maoists which depart from certain “models” of communist revolution rooted in previous revolutions.

Some forces have argued that these moves would inevitably lead to the dissolution or smashing of the revolutionary armed forces — i.e. to the disarming of the masses and the abandonment of the revolutionary struggle for a new society.

Because of that controversy it has been particularly interesting to read the following recent account of the Peoples Liberation Army forces in a canton located in the lowland areas close to the Indian border (and the Indian army).

* * * * * *

My experience with the PLA

Roshan Kissoon

by Roshan Kissoon

Published in Red Star newspaper from Nepal

I have been a frequent visitor to the PLA cantonment in Chitwan over the past five months, where I also give English classes to PLA commanders. There is much disinformation in the Nepali and international media regarding the PLA, based on ignorance and prejudice. Here are some of the things I have seen. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal Maoists: On Criticism by RCP

Posted by Rosa Harris on January 3, 2008

Street demonstrations in Nepal’s capital in September 2007 when the Maoists pulled out of the government coalition in protest over the refusal of other forces to overthrow the ancient and hated monarchy.

The second edition of RED STAR has just appeared. This is the new online English language newspaper reporting on the Maoist revolution in Nepal. I am printing it all out for a close read.

However I do want to call to attention a brief-but-significant passage in an interview with Netrabikram “Biplab” Chand, who is described as a member of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).

This passage acknowledges that the Nepali Maoists are facing criticisms from some forces internationally. Everyone has seen the criticisms of the Maoist of India (so that part is not a surprise). But Biplab also specifically mentions Bob Avakian of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA as one of those doing the criticizing.

This too is not surprising — because almost anyone watching the RCP realizes that they simply stopped writing their own commentary on the Nepali revolution in the Spring of 2006. Such an abrupt end to their previous enthusiastic reporting was an obvious sign that they had differences with the CPN(Maoist) that amounted to a cessation of support.

I say “almost anyone” because one group of people may be surprised: Many supporters of the RCP seem unaware of such differences. This is because they have been on a rather strict information diet — in which many details of their own movement (including major parts of the RCP’s own political and ideological line, and major setbacks in the RCP’s work) are simply kept from them. Read the rest of this entry »

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Summary: Nepal’s New Agreement

Posted by Rosa Harris on December 24, 2007

The following are two posts from the “United We Blog” commentator. The first one is the most recent one.

Maoists Got What They Wanted: “Roundtable Conference!”
Posted on December 23rd, 2007 by UWB

prachanda_after_interaction1.jpgEmerging from the interaction, CPN Maoist Chairman Prachanda told reporters that the conference was in fact the roundtable conference his party had been demanding.

Interesting remarks by the comrade! So that was what all Maoist hue and cry of round table conference about? According to reports, an interaction program was organized this afternoon that was attended by a handful of ‘prominent’ civil society members and Seven-Party Alliance leaders.

During the interaction civil society personalities urged the SPA to stand united to hold the Constituent Assembly (CA) elections within the current Nepali year (mid-April 2008). Senior leaders of the major factions of the SPA who took part in the interaction program said that they took the suggestions positively.

Read the rest of this entry »

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SFGate: Maoist Growth in India

Posted by Rosa Harris on December 2, 2007

ScottH sent:

Rebel armies tap into popular grievances in India

Jason Motlagh, Chronicle Foreign Service, Sunday, December 2, 2007

Maoist fighters in India

(12-02) 04:00 PST South Bastar, India — Two years ago, Comrade Sunil spent his days studying in a school classroom and toiling in corn and rice fields in his ancestral village. But life abruptly changed one night after he returned to find his home torched and his older brother shot dead by a state-sponsored civilian militia on the pretext that he had been a rebel sympathizer.

Now, warming his hands by a campfire deep in the mountain jungles of southern Chhattisgarh state, the 18-year-old member of the People’s Liberation Guerrilla Army promised never to give up the homemade rifle lying on his lap.

“The government does not care at all about the people here, and armed revolution is the only way to change this,” said Sunil, who refused to give his real name. The movement “is getting stronger because they know we fight for them.”

In the shadow of Bollywood and the info-tech boom, a little-known guerrilla war is being waged in at least 16 states across India by insurgents known as Naxalites. Estimated to have 20,000 fighters backed by a network of tens of thousands of villagers, they control about one-fifth of India’s forests and are active in 192 of the nation’s 604 administrative districts. Currently, 20 of India’s 28 states are affected by separatist conflicts, with Naxalites fighting in about 16 states, according to the Institute for Conflict Management, a New Delhi think tank. Read the rest of this entry »

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