Revolution in South Asia

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Posts Tagged ‘CP of Nepal (Maoist)’

Nepali Maoists on Homosexuality

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 21, 2008

This article originally appeared on Counterpunch, April 23, 2007

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), leading what many have considered the most advanced Maoist movement in the world for the last decade, has recently been accused of attacks on gay people and of indulging in anti-gay rhetoric. Unfortunately the reports seem valid. In January a senior party leader, Dev Gurung, now Minister of Local Development in Nepal’s transitional government, was quoted in the press as stating: “Under Soviet rule and when China was still very much a communist state, there were no homosexuals in the Soviet Union or China. Now [that] they are moving towards capitalism, homosexuals may have arisen there as well. So homosexuality is a product of capitalism. Under socialism this kind of problem does not exist.”

The statement seems quite un-Maoist in its description of any twentieth-century socialist experiment as truly “communist.” Mao broke from Stalin in emphasizing the long-term nature and fragility of the construction of socialism as a transitional stage between capitalism and the classless society of communism theoretically posited for the human future. And it seems oblivious to historical reality in denying the existence of homosexuality anywhere, anytime in human history. Dangerously foolish (if I can assume that it was indeed said), it was made in the context of reported abuses of gay men and lesbians by Maoists in areas under their control.

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Nepal: Maoists are Not Terrorists!

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 20, 2008

Kasama received the following note together with this article:

“I think it raises an important question in terms of our responsibilities to create pressure to have the terrorist designation lifted.”

‘Nepal Maoists in talks with US to remove terrorist tag’

Kathmandu (PTI): Nepal Maoists, who are named as a terrorist organisation by the
US government, are in talks with American officials to get Washington to remove
the “terrorist tag” from the former rebels, now tipped to head the next
government in the Himalayan state.

“We are trying to establish close links with the U.S…talks are going on in
several fronts in this regard,” said C P Gajurel, a central committee member of
the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist.

“We are requesting them (United States) to remove the terrorist tag that they
have maintained on our party…our doors are always open to all US officials if
they want to talk to us,” Gajurel, who is also chief of the international bureau
of the party, was quoted as saying by the Telegraph Nepal online on Saturday.

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Prachanda: Nepal’s Maoist Leader and His Work

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 20, 2008

PrachandaPrachanda, the leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is now poised to become the president of Nepal. And he is emerging as the most prominent and influential Maoist leader in the world. However there has been, so far, little in depth study of his views (of the Marxist synthesis known as Prachanda Path). We would like to offer some of Prachanda’s essays and interviews, and analyses written by other Maoists leaders about Prachanda Path. (Thanks to the Learn from Nepal site for gathering these materials online.)

Prachanda from Problems and Prospects of Revolution in Nepal (2004)

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Leupp: A Maoist Sweep — Electoral Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008


By Gary Leupp

The following article appeared on Counterpunch Apri1 16, 2008.

It ought to be the ballot heard ’round the world. It ought to be front page news. But chances are you haven’t yet learned that the Maoists of Nepal have apparently swept to power in an election that international monitors acknowledge was free and fair. Having led a People’s War from 1996 to 2006, having suspended the armed struggle and making a strategic decision to seek power through electoral means, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has apparently acquired an absolute majority in national elections for a constitutional assembly.

Prime Minister Girija Koirala, representing the Nepali Congress Party, has congratulated CPI(M) leader on the success of his party. The Congress Party, aligned with its Indian counterpart and traditionally supportive of the Nepali monarchy and its Hindu religious trappings, seems to have come in a distant third in the national vote, behind the Communist Party (United Marxist-Leninist). The latter, having spurned Maoist overtures to unite, is in crisis; its leader has resigned and declared it “morally inappropriate” to continue to participate in the current coalition government.

It looks as though Maoist leader Prachanda will emerge as national leader under the presidential system his party advocates. The constitutional assembly will shape a new Nepal as a secular republic. Land reform, laws against debt servitude and child marriage, laws liberating “outcastes” will follow. The Maoists regard Nepal as a pre-capitalist country, which requires a period of capitalist development before it can embark on socialist construction. They say they welcome foreign investment and tourism. They want friendly relations with neighboring China and India. They want to build a railroad conveying Buddhist pilgrims from Tibet to Nepali religious sites. They want, with some help from Jimmy Carter, to persuade the U.S. State Department to remove their name fro the list of “international terrorist organizations.”

They also want to plant the Red Flag on Mt. Everest, big enough so it might be seen from the moon, like the Great Wall of China. That’s what they’ve said.

Realism and poetry. A vision for today, and for tomorrow. The Maoists of India (in particular, the Communist Party of India [Maoist]) continue their People’s War, creating the red corridor that extends from Andra Pradesh up to the Nepali border. They have expressed doubts about the Nepali comrades’ strategy of participation in elections, and emphasized their dedication to Mao’s dictum that “political power grows out of the barrel of the gun.” But they will take heart in the Nepali Maoists’ victory. Unless the Nepali Army (formerly the Nepal Royal Army and still led by pro-monarchist and anti-communist generals), or external forces move to prevent the Maoists’ rise to power, Nepal will emerge as the base-area of global revolution. That’s something else the Maoists have said.

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Nepal: And Now the Question of Armies….

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008

by Mike Ely

Two of Mao’s most famous sayings come to mind, over and over, while studying events in Nepal:

“Political power grows from the barrel of a gun.”

“The people and the people alone are the motive force in history.”

The first one should be a reminder: Leading a government is not the same as seizing state power. Winning an election is a sign of who has won the hearts of the people, but state power ultimately rests on the question of who controls military forces within the country.

That was the heart of the political dilemma, and the tragedy, in Chile (over the early 1970s): The socialist forces of Salvadore Allende won the hearts of the votes, and won the presidency, but did not have the organized military force to face (or defeat) the reactionary Chilean army. The CIA and Chilean high command plotted a military coup, that unleashed a vicious counterrevolution. Allende was killed in the coup, and many thousands of radical activists and supporters were rounded up, tortured and murdered.

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Nepal: Interview with Baburam Bhattarai

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008

Bhattarai speaking The following interview was conducted by Nepali times, and posted on Democracy and Class Struggle.

Baburam Bhattarai pointed to a bouquet in his study and said: “People who never looked at us before are coming here to give me flowers.” Flanked by portraits of Marx, Lenin, Stalin and Mao, the chief ideologue of the Maoists spoke to Nepali Times on Tuesday about sleepless nights, his party’s economic agenda and about whether he’d been offered the prime ministership.

Nepali Times: How does it feel to arrive here after the long journey from a village in Gorkha?

Baburam Bhattarai: There is a deep sense of responsibility, and that comes from the fact that I was born in an ordinary village family, my mother can’t read or write, my father is a farmer. As a child I used to tend livestock and help in the farm, and when I went to high school I had to carry water and cook for myself. From that to be able to go to a good school and be educated, and to have that contrast in one lifetime is fascinating in a way. But now we have been brought to this position where we have to try to resolve issues of national importance, there are enormous aspirations, there is lots to do but we have very little time and resources. It makes us somewhat anxious, thinking about whether we can do it or not. There are sleepless nights, getting up at three in the morning and not being able to go back to sleep.

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Nepal: Revolutionary People Celebrating

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 14, 2008

United We Blog” has posted photos by Wagle from the street celebrations that flowed the Maoist victory in the Nepal’s constituent assembly elections.

Maoist victory in Nepal

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News of the Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 13, 2008

>> Click here for our latest coverage <<

* * * * * *

13/04 Press Release DEAN overview of the April 10 Constituent Assembly Elections Conduct

13/04 News India says it is ready work with Maoists

13/04 News Home Minister Sitaula defeated, Hridayesh Tripathy win

13/04 News Victorious Prachanda meets Koirala

13/04 News Maoists bag 70 seats; NC, UML competing for second place

13/04 News More stalwarts out, more Maoists in

13/04 News Maoists lead with 50 seats; UML win 15, NC 14, MPRF 7, NWPP 2, TMDP 1, NSP-M 1, PFN 1

13/04 News Morally inappropriate to continue in govt, says MK Nepal

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“Nepal Maoists emerge as major force after historic poll”

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 13, 2008

Nepal Maoists emerge as major force after historic poll Nepal National Friday 11th April, 2008 (IANS)

A ragged group of people who dreamt impossible dreams and dared to take on Nepal’s powerful army with homemade guns and bombs, Nepal’s Maoist guerrillas established themselves as a formidable force in the 90s when they prevented elections and inflicted punishing losses on the security forces.

Two years after they laid down their guns and marched back to the parliament they had derisively branded a ‘meat shop’, the rebels have proved to be an equally formidable political force with the historic constituent assembly elections unexpectedly showing their support.

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Nepal: The Coming April Crisis, and India’s Role

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 17, 2008

Indian Army
The Indian Army is a major player in South Asia and a threat to hopes for revolutionary change in Nepal.

Sharply contending parties in Nepal agreed to have the future of the country contested in a elections for a constituent assembly. This has given rise to huge debate within Nepal, and among its people, over what kind of future to have, what kind of state and social system. Various forces (including the pro-Indian Nepalese Congress party NC) have repeatedly postponed and impeded those elections — leading the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) to point out that the future can also be settled by other means. There are (as several commentators note) two undefeated armies in Nepal — one belonging to the government, the other led by the Maoists. Currently the elections are scheduled for April — and there is great tension over whether they will be sabotaged again, and (if so) what will follow. India is accused of helping torpedo the elections by stirring up secessionist forces in the Terai, the strategic agricultural border area in southern Nepal. Possibilities include renewed Maoist armed uprising, broad mass protests, a crackdown by the Nepalese military, continued stalemated crisis and possibly an invasion by the powerful nearby Indian army — or various combination of these things. A piece from the Nepal Times follows.

Plan A…. India Doesn’t Seem to Have a Plan B on Nepal

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Nepal’s Tree of Communist Parties

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 10, 2008

nepaltree.jpg

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Nepal’s Maoists: Revolutions Can’t Be Copied, Only Developed

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 8, 2008

Worker #11Our ongoing discussion of the Nepali Maoists — their tactics and their underlying thinking — can now take a new leap based on this new material. Kasama site is going to start publishing major articles from the Worker #11 which has gathered diverse articles on burning questions that face the world revolution. We will publish a new piece every few days — giving everyone some time to digest and debate each of them in turn.This is the second piece we have posted from Worker #11. (Thanks to Single Spark for making this available.)

Our discussion is focused in one thread here.

No revolution can be replicated but developed

By Basanta , The Worker #11, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), July 2007, pp. pp. 15-24.

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News: Nepal’s Maoists Revive Revolutionary People’s Council

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 7, 2008

Maoists in NepalThis news report is not yet confirmed from other directions. (Thanks to Scott for forwarding this.)

KATHMANDU, Feb 6 [Kantipur Report] In a surprising turn of events CPN-Maoist Wednesday announced that it would revive the United Revolutionary People’s Council (URPC)—a wartime structure it had dissolved a few months back– to address the problems face by the general public.The URPC, the self-claimed Maoists’ parallel governing mechanism, was in function alongside the state governance during over a decade-long armed conflict.

According to Maoists, the URPC will resolve the problems faced by the people and supporting the infrastructure development as the local bodies could not be restructured as per the Comprehensive Peace Agreement and the Interim Constitution.

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Nepal’s Maoists: On Their Tactics and Creative Marxism

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 5, 2008

tikapur_nepal_2005.jpgOur ongoing discussion of the Nepali Maoists — their tactics and their underlying thinking — can now take a new leap based on this new material. Kasama site is going to start publishing major articles from the Worker #11 which has gathered diverse articles on burning questions that face the world revolution. We will publish a new piece every few days — giving everyone some time to digest and debate each of them in turn. (Thanks to Single Spark for all the hard work done in making this available.)

Let’s focus our discussion in one common thread — so please post your comments there.

New Tactics: challenges and opportunities

By Com. Gaurav, The Worker #11, Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), July 2007, pp. 11-14.

We have to make revolution at the point of time when there is neither socialist block or socialist base nor even a socialist state to support the revolution from out side. However, it is not the first time in the history of the world proletarian revolution that this type of situation our class, the proletariat and the oppressed people of the world had to encounter with. When our class threw itself in a great adventure of overthrowing the rule of bourgeoisie by making revolution in a capitalist country, which gave birth to Paris Commune, an exemplary event in the entire history of mankind, had no scope of acquiring support from any state from out side.

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