Revolution in South Asia

An Internationalist Info Project

Posts Tagged ‘Kiran’

Nepal: New Central Committee document by Kiran

Posted by redpines on January 4, 2012

The following is a document presented to the UCPN(M) Central Committee by Vice Chairman Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’. It is long, but important for understanding the current situation facing Nepal’s Maoist party. As one might expect, it discusses many of the dangerous choices made by some leaders of the UCPN(M), including the dissolution of the People’s Liberation Army, the BIPPA trade agreement with India, and the failure to make necessary preparations for revolt.

Kiran also reaffirms that a “New People’s Democracy,” as a temporary stage in preparation for socialism, is the party’s minimum program. Kiran argues that not only is this the official line of the party, as decided on by the Chunbang meeting of 2005, but more importantly that this line “is necessary as well as possible.”

In the Chunbang meeting, the UCPN(M) collectively recognized that the reactionary parties, like Nepali Congress and the Communist party of Nepal (United Marxist-Leninist) would try to turn the government into a bourgeois parliamentary republic. This is precisely the situation the Maoists have been facing for the past 5 years, as the bourgeois parties have been doing everything in their power to prevent a new, revolutionary Nepal.

But those bourgeois parties have had some assistance. Kiran argues that the party’s inability to move past the parliamentary swamp is due to a shift in strategy, one that was never agreed upon by the party as a whole. Referring to Prachanda specifically, Kiran notes that

“the Constituent Assembly is being taken not as a tactics but strategy. In this way, efforts have been made to end and liquidate the new people’s democratic revolution and mass insurrection.”

The piece also explains, quite candidly, that democratic centralism has broken down within the party and is “a mess”. He even goes as far as to say that the leadership of the party has “acted against the people,” and that class divisions have risen within the party. These are hard words, speaking to a bitter, difficult situation.

Ultimately though, the document is not pessimistic. Kiran argues forcefully that revolution is still possible.  His general plan affords more priority to mass mobilizations, or the “street front” than the parliamentary front. The plan also involves the strengthening of cultural and educational programs within the party, as well as the “People’s Volunteers,” a people’s fighting force that can be mobilized in the absence of the PLA and the Young Communist League. The document also demands that the party refuse to compromise on a constitution that does not meet the needs of women, oppressed nationality groups and those from oppressed castes.

The ideological divides within the UCPN(M) are deep. This document will not heal many of those schisms, nor does it provide answers for all of the questions facing Nepal. But it does show that there are revolutionaries within the party who have a broad outline for future struggle.

Thanks to Frontlines of Revolutionary Struggle for making this document available.

Kiran : On problems of the party and their resolution

1. Need for a new report:

Now, the class struggle is at a serious juncture and this class struggle has been reflected on our party’s two-line struggle. The history of Nepal’s new people’s democratic revolution and communist movement is at a new turning point.  We are in the grave type of labor pain. While, on the one hand, the conspiracy to liquidate the process of great people’s war initiated in 1996 into parliamentary quagmire is being consolidated; the revolutionary line, on the other, has emerged more effectively against this trend with a new commitment to give continuity to the Nepali new people’s democratic revolution. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal News | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

Kiran: We are still against Indian expansionism, for revolution

Posted by redpines on December 26, 2011

The line struggle in Nepal continues. One wing of the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has formally dissolved the Nepalese People’s Liberation Army, authored a dubious trade agreement with India and has forced peasants to return land confiscated during the People’s War. In contrast, revolutionaries within the party maintain a commitment to taking state power and sweeping away the current oppressive apparatus.

In the following interview, Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’, Vice Chairman of the UCPN(M), discusses some of the complexities of making revolution in Nepal. One of these is the country’s geographical position. Locked between two major powers, India and China, Nepal would face a precarious situation if a revolutionary government was forced to cut off trade with those countries. At the same time, for Nepal to build socialism, it must free itself from the economic and political power India wields over the country. The term ‘expansionism’ is used to describe this unequal relationship between the two countries, without regarding India as an imperialist power like the US. This situation requires a new revolutionary approaches, like the ‘fusion’ between people’s war and urban insurrection Kiran mentions. 

The timing of this interview is noteworthy, as it comes in response to a  recent document by Prachanda, which argues that the party should continue in a non-revolutionary direction. 

The piece appeared in The Red Star, an English-language publication of the revolutionary wing of the UCPN(M).

We want to maintain a good neighbourly relation and go ahead by honouring each other’s national integrity and reverence with both of these countries.

25 December 2011

Q. Your experience with the formulation of national constitution in the last two years and the resistance by the reactionary parliamentary right wingers like Nepali congress. How do you sum it up in retrospect? Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 3 Comments »

Kiran and Badal: Disbanding the PLA is a mistake

Posted by redpines on November 12, 2011

The struggle for revolution in Nepal is not over.

It’s not an easy situation. It’s true that leaders like Prachanda and Bhattarai appear to have “sold out” and abandoned anything resembling a revolutionary path. But it’s also true that these kinds of betrayals become more and more likely as a party moves toward power, when many new contradictions emerge. For instance, the danger of severe international isolation becomes very real. In turn, the temptation to take the capitalist road becomes stronger.  Despite this difficult road, the revolutionary wing of the UCPN(M) continues to fight against the liquidation of the People’s Liberation Army, and for a road toward New Democracy and socialism.

The following statement by Vice Chairman Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’ and General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa ‘Badal’, discusses the revolutionary wing’s opposition to the recent Seven Point Agreement between several major parties in Nepal. The agreement would effectively dismantle the PLA, as well as the Young Communist League, another people’s fighting force. Without the PLA, the gains made by Nepal’s decade-long People’s War may be in danger. However, Kiran and Badal suggest that even this dire situation is not a final blow to the revolution: 

The conflict and movement can be managed not by disarming the PLA but by solving people’s political and economic problems. If no attention is paid on it none will be able to stop the creation of another historical mass movement.

Full Text of Press Statement by Comrade Kiran and Badal

November 6, 2011. 

Respected media persons,

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , | 1 Comment »

Nepal: An encounter in Ghorahi

Posted by celticfire84 on October 7, 2011

Thanks to Frontlines of Revolutionary Struggle for sharing this.

Nepal: An encounter in Ghorahi

The People's Liberation Army has been a symbol of liberation in Nepal

by Aditya Adhikari

The Kathmandu Post, 05-10-2011

After the end of the war, Saraswati Magar (name changed), a Maoist activist from Rolpa, built a single-story, two-room brick house on a small plot of land on the outskirts of Ghorahi, Dang.

The responsibilities given to her by the party require her to spend much of her time in Rolpa, but she has a nine-year old daughter in Ghorahi, and it is to be with her that Saraswati built the house. Having joined the movement when she was sixteen, even before the formal announcement of the People’s War, her primary life-experience has been of great strain and hardship.

On the run from the state authorities for many years, she abandoned her daughter to the care of relatives when she was only 21 months of age and was reunited with her only after the peace process began. Most of her friends and relatives from Rolpa joined the party. Her husband died during the conflict, as did two of her brothers.

Life is easier now for Saraswati. She looks back at amazement at the level of physical hardship and deprivation she endured so willingly during the war. Yet, she is restless. Political work does not offer her the satisfaction that it did before; yet it still obsesses her.

“When I come to Ghorahi,” she says, “after a few days I feel like going back to Rolpa, to work on the organisation. But when I go to Rolpa, there is not so much work to do and then I feel like returning to my daughter in Ghorahi.”

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Two Roads Emerge over Nepal’s Future

Posted by Alastair on June 28, 2011

Two distinct lines are emerging in the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)

A fierce struggle is taking place within the Maoist movement in Nepal. Thousands gave their lives and thousands more made great sacrifices during the People’s War, a decade long struggle for revolution and a radically new and better Nepal. More than five years after the People’s War ended, this dream has still not been made a reality. Radical forces in the party are calling for revolt, and they claim that the process of mergers has led to a right-wing majority in the Central Committee that obstructs their efforts. A reminder: posting does not imply endorsement of the views or confirmation of the information presented but share for the discussion of our readers.

From Myrepublica

Mergers the real game-changer in UCPN(Maoist)

POST B BASNET /KIRAN PUN

KATHMANDU, June 24: With the UCPN (Maoist) preparing to endorse the line of peace and constitution, the party hardliners have been left with very few cards to counter the party establishment, which they say is deviating from the ideals of revolution.

Backed by Vice-chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai, party chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal commands a comfortable majority in the CC to endorse the line, parrying stiff opposition put up by the hardliners.

But, that was not the power equation in the party till three years back. The campaign for unification with fringe leftist parties in the recent years turned the table against the hardliners led by Senior Vice-chairman Mohan Baidya. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Nepal Peoples Army commanders stand up!

Posted by celticfire84 on June 9, 2011

We don’t have independent confirmation of these events — so we warn readers not to assume its veracity. Details and quotes in an article like this are unreliable. But if it is true that resistance has emerged against the reactionary plans of integration and disarmament then these are certainly positive and exciting developments.

Mao Zedong expressed an important truth that bears repeating and reflection: “Without a peoples army, the people have nothing.”

This originally appeared on myrepublica.com.

PLA-men refuse non-combatant role

KATHMANDU, June 9: Commanders of the Maoist People´s Liberation Army (PLA) have demanded that their party reject the Nepal Army (NA)´s integration modality that has proposed turning them into a non-combative force. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 3 Comments »

Nepal: Baidhya Says People’s Revolt is Party’s Mandate

Posted by celticfire84 on December 18, 2010

The was in the Himalayan Times.

“Remaining together despite ideological and political differences is no good, for it makes the party just a joint front.”

KATHMANDU: Vice-Chairman of the UCPN-Maoist Mohan Baidhya ‘Kiran’ today said the party’s sixth extended meeting had mandated it to launch a ‘people’s revolt’. Addressing an interaction on ‘National Independence and People’s Republic’ organised by Samayabaddha bimonthly, Baidhya said the Palungtar meeting has also urged the party to fight for a people’s federal republic and national independence.

He said a communist party must be ready to split or merge with others whenever necessary. “Remaining together despite ideological and political differences is no good, for it makes the party just a joint front,” he claimed, justifying the disintegration of his party from Mohan Bikram Singh’s party earlier.

He claimed that Vice-Chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai had begun making public the internal debates through Rato Jhilko news magazine. After this, other leaders have also started revealing the secrets, he said. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , , | 2 Comments »

Nepal: Maoist Plenum Closes, Decisions Announced

Posted by hetty7 on November 28, 2010

We urge readers to remember that these reports on on the Maoist Central Committee Plenum  are at this point still coming to us through the bourgeois press – who have their own motives and worldview. No one should assume that these are accurate, and we will post actual texts of the various positions and speeches as soon as they become available in English.

This article is from ekantipur.com.

Plenum Participants

Nepal – Plenum Successful: Party Brought Together

Kathmandu, Nov. 27

The United Communist Party Nepal  (Maoist) (UCPM-Maoist) organised a press meet at Palungtar in Gorkha district on Saturday to make public the decisions taken by the party in its extended plenum.

Maoist Chairman Pushpa Kamal Daha, Chairmen Baburam Bhattarai and Mohan Baidya, Spokesperson Dinanath Sharma, among others, marked their presence in the press meet.

Maoist Spokesperson Sharma said that the extended plenum, which was the largest gathering in the history of Nepalese politics, drew the attention of national and international bodies.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »