Revolution in South Asia

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Nepal: Baidya faction protests takeover of cantonments

Posted by redpines on April 10, 2012

Members of the Maoist PLA

The Royal Nepal Army, along with the Armed Police Force (a group trained and backed by US imperialism), have assumed command of the cantonments occupied by the remnants of the Maoist People’s Liberation Army.

The revolutionary faction is strongly condemning this  move as well, placing the blame on the shoulders of Maoist leaders Prachanda and prime minister Bhattarai, and accusing them of a “serious betrayal of the revolution”. The revolutionary faction also seems to have implemented an extensive protest program, mobilizing the people against Bhattarai’s government.

The following article appeared at My Republica.

Betrayal of revolution: Baidya faction

REPUBLICA

KATHMANDU, April 10: Accusing Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal and Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai of betraying the revolution, the Maoist radical faction on Wednesday evening called on the people to raise voices against the Special Committee decision to let the Nepal Army (NA) take charge of the PLA cantonments and the weapons containers.

“We strongly condemn the decision. We also appeal to the patriots, republicans, self-esteemed people as well as those who want forward looking changes to jump into action and oppose the move,” said Maoist Secretary CP Gajurel after a meeting of the radical faction in the evening.

The hard-line faction led by Senior Vice-chairman Mohan Baidya has termed the move the “height capitulationism and serious betrayal of the revolution in Nepal”. Read the rest of this entry »

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Mining operations stalled in Central India

Posted by redpines on February 29, 2012

Much of the February 28 strike action is happening in India’s cities, but there are reports of industries being shut down in rural areas as well. The following report from Zee News discusses the effects of the strike in Chhattisgarh, a heavily rural area in central India. Chhattisgarh is also a CPI(Maoist) stronghold, and an area where the Maoists have struggled against mining interests for years.

Strike hits mining in Chhattisgarh

February 28, 2012

Raipur: The nationwide strike called by the country’s trade unions has hit bauxite, coal and iron ore mining in mineral-rich Chhattisgarh, officials said on Tuesday.

Reports coming in from the state’s northern Surguja district say that bauxite mining has been severely hit at Mainpat area, about 450 km north from here. Aluminium major BALCO, in which Vedanta Resources Plc holds 51 percent stake, has mines in Manipat.

Contracted miners gathered in groups with flags and banners at mines and raised slogans against an alleged anti-labour policy of the Indian government. Dozens of trucks transporting bauxite from Mainpat to BALCO’s plant in Korba town were stranded on forested roads due to the strike. Read the rest of this entry »

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India: Workers shut down the country

Posted by redpines on February 28, 2012

Tens of millions of Indian workers went into the streets today to challenge abysmal labor conditions. The 24-hour strike is a broad effort of trade unions  associated with various parties and ideologies. Their demands include social security benefits, a minimum wage, permanent jobs for contract workers, and an end to rampant inflation.

Though the strike includes 11 different unions–some aligned with reactionary parties like Congress and the BJP–at least one reactionary leader is not too pleased with the action. Mamata Banerjee, the anti-Maoist chief minister of West Bengal has opposed the strike. We will offer more analysis as the situation becomes clearer. 

The following article appeared at Al Jazeera.

Millions of Indian workers strike for rights

One-day walkout hits transport, banks and post offices, as unions seek better rights and protest over rising prices.

28 Feb 2012 

Millions of workers in India are staging a 24-hour strike to demand improved rights for employees and to protest over rising prices.

Tuesday’s strike, one of the biggest in recent times, is being backed by all 11 major trade unions in the country, including the left affiliated All India Trade Union Congress [AITUC] and Indian National Trade Union Congress [INTUC] linked to ruling Congress party, local television station NDTV said.

In the capital, New Delhi, and the financial hub, Mumbai, the effect of the strike was minimal. Banks and insurance offices were closed but buses and taxis plied the streets and shops were open for business. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal – Indigenous Groups Demand Autonomy

Posted by hetty7 on February 24, 2012

Magar peoples in Nepal

The Maoists of Nepal have long called for a Federated People’s Democratic Republic. Kasama’s Nepal’s Crossroads: Without a people’s army, the people have nothingaddresses this issue, which is related to the article below:

For a Federated People’s Democratic Republic Broad ranks within Nepal’s Maoist party have been opposed to proposals and compromises that would consolidate a parliamentary political order without basic revolutionary change. They have popularized their plan for a New Nepal: a federated people’s democratic republic.

This envisions a determined and thorough uprooting of the oppressive old feudal culture and an agrarian revolution to end the exploitation of rural people by landowners and usurers. It would bring a historic end to the domination of Nepal by India and foreign corporations. And it would overthrow survivals of the previous political-military system that served elites alone.

Having a federated republic means an end to theocratic Hindu hegemony and the dominance in Nepal of one ethnicity and language. It would involve forms of autonomy in local areas, establishing equality of many minority religions, languages, and ethnic groups for the first time.

This article is from myrepublica

Indigenous groups demand autonomy

Rohit Rai

Dharan, Jan. 21: Leaders of indigenous groups  have said they will exercise autonomy through their own mechanism if the political parties fail to ensure right to self-determination and autonomy in the new constitution. Read the rest of this entry »

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Feeling like a slumdog millionaire: Gujarati textile workers strike, organize

Posted by redpines on February 17, 2012

Working folks are rising across India. Labor unrest and workers’ struggles have exploded all over the country, parallel to the intensification of adivasi tribal people’s movements and battles for popular self-determination from Kashmir in the northwest to Manipur in the northeast. Amidst this wave, activists have published a report on a strike at a massive textile factory in Ahmedabad, the largest city in Gujarat (a province of over 60 million people in western India). The document shines a light on the working conditions in India’s burgeoning industrial sector and the autonomous struggle that has bursted out among the Reliance textile workers at the Naroda plant. Those familiar
with the contemporary labor situation in places like the United States or Europe may feel a certain sense of deja vu reading about the use of temporary workers, the management-friendly unions, and even the ban on carrying mobile phones at work.

Since February 2nd of this year, the 5,000 Reliance Textile Industries workers have been on strike. They have formed a new, independent union and published a list of demands, which are reprinted here. Thanks to Sanhati for publishing this report. [Introduction by Joe]

Gujarat – A Report on the Workers’ Strike in Reliance Textile Industries, Naroda plant, Ahmedabad

February 8, 2012

[The report was received from activists who recently visited the striking workers at the Reliance plant. – Ed]

Highly exploitative wage structure and abysmal working conditions have led the over 5000 workers to strike work in the primary manufacturing plant of Reliance Textile Industries in Naroda, Gujarat, which is at a halt since 2nd February 2012. While the company posted its highest ever turnover of over USD 44 billion and its net profit increased to USD 3.6 billion, workers in the factory (‘dressing up India’ with ‘fabrics which make you feel like a millionaire’ its website says) which started this empire’s journey find their lives getting cheaper by the day. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal’s Maoists celebrate People’s War anniversary

Posted by redpines on February 15, 2012

The following piece appeared at The Red Star.

Celebrating 17th Anniversary of People’s War

Kathmandu, February 13:  United Communist Party of Nepal (UCPN) Maoist is celebrating 17th anniversary of peoples war in Nepal.

UCPN Maoist is the largest party in Nepal which has been running its coalition government for five months.

The grand ceremony is celebrating in Kathmandu where top leaders will address to the people.

Maoist Supremo Puspa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ , Vice Chairman Mohan Baidya ‘Kiran’ and finance minister Barsa Man Pun ‘Ananta’ will address to the mass about their latest party line.

The very first time, supremo Prachanda’s photo has not been posted in the main banner hanged down in Khula Manch in Kathmandu.

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Young Communist League Padlocks Party Offices in West Nepal

Posted by hetty7 on February 14, 2012

The following  is from Kasama’s – Nepal’s Crossroads – Without a People’s Army, the People Have Nothing.

Any attempt to consolidate Nepal’s changes at this point – without the clear subordination of the Nepal Army, without a revolutionary army representing the people’s interests, without carrying out revolutionary land reform, without Nepal taking a historic turn toward real independence from India, without adapting a socialist approach to production, without freeing the country from dependence on world capitalism – would represent a resolution of Nepal’s revolution far short of the liberation the people need. It would inevitably involve consolidating forms of oppression and exploitation that are extreme and intolerable. It would mean the replacement of great hope with feelings of betrayal and disappointment.

The continued existence and active resistance of powerful revolutionary forces – within the UCPNM, the People’s Liberation Army and deep among the people – mean that preparations may well go forward for the creation of a people’s democratic republic and for the defeat of organized reactionary forces.”

In relation to the article below, these quotes give a broader context for the current mixture of despair and hope YCL members must be experiencing after they were officially liquidated as a force. But as the article shows, there is still plenty of “active resistance” in Nepal, from ex-YCL members, to the People’s Volunteers, to militant cadres in the countryside, Kathmandu and elsewhere.

This article is from myrepublica.com

YCL Members Lock Party Offices in West Nepal

Dil Bahadur Chhatyal

Dhangadi, Feb. 6: Members of the Maoist Young Communist League (YCL) on Monday locked the party’s offices in western Nepal for “depriving” them of financial packages on par with PLA personnel as promised by the party leadership back in 2007. Read the rest of this entry »

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India: Cop given award for ‘gallantry’ after torturing adivasi woman

Posted by redpines on February 10, 2012

Last October, Soni Sori, an adivasi schoolteacher was tortured and sexually assaulted by Indian police in the state of Chhattisgarh. Her crime? She was suspected of being a Maoist.

She has struggled to tell her story. Initially, she had  to smuggle handwritten notes out of jail. Media and human rights groups have been denied access to her prison cell.

And now, the thug who is responsible has been given an award for his ‘gallantry’. This is his reward for leading death squads against the CPI(Maoist) and their tribal allies. 

Revolution is necessary. 

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February 28: Massive strike in India

Posted by redpines on February 10, 2012

Workers in India’s cities have an incredibly militant history, and the current moment is  hardly different. Now India’s trade union leaders are planning a massive strike on February 28. The following article, however, prompts questions: how well will revolutionary unions, reformist trade unions, and unions with Muslim members coordinate with unions affiliated with right-wing parties like Congress and the Hindu nationalist BJP? Will the strike present further opportunities for collaboration between revolutionary forces in the cities and rural scheduled castes and tribal peoples? Will the strike be effective in exposing the rotten foundations of India’s “shining democracy” to the world? 

Readers who are closer to these issues are encouraged to post their thoughts and clarifying information. 

The article originally appeared at The Hindu.

TUs gear for all-India strike

by Sunny Sebastian

February 5, 2012

Senior Communist Party of India leader and All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) general secretary Gurudas Dasgupta has termed the joint strike call by the trade unions on February 28 as the biggest show of unity by the working class and the poor.

All the leading trade unions, including the INTUC (Indian National Trade Union Congress), affiliated to the Congress, and the Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh of the Bharatiya Janata Party, besides the Left unions — the CITU (Centre for Indian Trade Unions) and the All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC) — will participate in the strike. Read the rest of this entry »

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Revolutionary Journalism and the Occupation of Kashmir

Posted by hetty7 on February 8, 2012

This article from thekashmirwalla.com discusses the draconian control India, the “world’s largest democracy,” exerts over journalists who attempt to tell the truth about the occupation of Kashmir. 

David Barsamian on Journalism in Kashmir

From The Kashmir Walla – a monthly online magazine

January 7, 2012: For obvious reasons freedom of the press in Kashmir is limited and constrained. Military occupation with its attendant curfews, roadblocks, checkpoints, searches, surveillance, wiretapping of calls and emails, and state-sponsored violence from custodial deaths and extrajudicial killings to torture and disappearances, produce immense pain and suffering among Kashmiris. Intimidation and fear are widespread. This is the intent and  design and logic of occupation. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »

Nepal – Local Residents Grab Cooking Gas off Truck

Posted by hetty7 on February 8, 2012

This article speaks for itself. In Nepal there is an acute shortage of  cooking gas and fuel which  people need to stay alive. Part of the problem is due to lack of supplies from the Indian Oil Company. One outcome of this situation might be that Nepal reduces its reliance on Indian exports.

This is from nepalnews.

Cooking Gas Shortage: Locals Grab Gas Cylinders

Feb 2, 2012: Local residents of Sallaghari in Bhaktapur grabbed cooking gas cylinders from a vehicle which was bound to Kathmandu from Kavre as the valley reels under acute gas shortage of the cooking gas. Read the rest of this entry »

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Indian state, UK capital collaborate to terrorize tribal people

Posted by redpines on February 8, 2012

The process Marx called “primitive” or “original” accumulation–pushing people off the land they use to reproduce their lives, and turning them into landless workers–is the front line of struggle in countries like India. In Marx’s day, it was largely a process carried out by the private and state bourgeois forces within one country. In the video and article below, we see a contemporary instance of this process, where a capitalist firm in an imperialist country (here, the UK), unites with the Indian national bourgeoisie–in this case a state corporation–to brutalize and displace tribal peoples. 

This situation is relevant to the discussion of revolution in the Third World below, As Siva wrote in a comment:

The revolutionary potential of the national bourgeiosie as a class has been virtually depleted and now, if at all any section of the national bourgeiosie is contributiong to the anti-imperialist struggle, it is because of specific conditions obtaining in countries and regions under specific global conditions.

The article appeared at Revolutionary Frontlines.
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India Land Grab: Forced Evictions in Orissa

January 13, 2012
by Jason Overdorf

India’s great land grab continues, with police forcibly evicting tribal villagers in Orissa from land sold to UK-based Vedanta Resources to use as a toxic waste dump, Amnesty International reports.

The evictions come amid a fraught battle between the mining industry and India’s tribal peoples, as well as environmental activists.  Orissa is among India’s poorest and least developed states, but its mineral riches have led to a breakneck race to strip the land of iron, bauxite and other metals needed to fuel the country’s infrastructure and manufacturing sectors.

To gain access to these riches, however, the state government has conspired with industry to run roughshod over the rights of its indigenous peoples, according to their advocates.  Local resentment has also helped to make Orissa one of the flashpoints in India’s simmering Maoist insurgency — a crisis that recently resulted in the deployment of some 50,000 police and paramilitary personnel.

Earlier, Amnesty alleged that Vedanta has done nothing to clean up environmental damage at the site of its Lanjigarh aluminum refinery, after the High Court of Orissa once again supported the central government’s decision to reject Vedanta Aluminium’s plans to expand the facility after finding the project violated India’s environmental laws.

“Research by Amnesty International and other local and international groups documents the serious and continuing pollution caused by the refinery’s operations,” Amnesty said in a press release. “Despite the string of decisions against Vedanta, the company has failed to remedy the pollution.”

Vedanta has vowed to challenge the case again in the Supreme Court.

In 2010, similar accusations of rampant violations of laws designed to protect forests and the environment prompted India’s Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MoEF) to cancel permission for a $1.7 billion bauxite mining project in Orissa’s Niyamgiri Hills — an area held sacred by the local tribe.

The state-run Orissa Mining Corporation (OMC) has challenged the cancellation, and on Monday the Supreme Court fixed April 9 for a hearing on the company’s challenge of cancellation,according to India’s Business Standard newspaper. The court had earlier fixed January 30, as the date for final hearing and disposal of the case.

But Vedanta’s activities — and troubles — are only the tip of the iceberg.

Local villagers are also battling against the allotment of land to Korean steel giant Posco — a deal that represented the largest foreign direct investment ever attracted to India when it was signed six years ago — and the much ballyhooed project exists only on paper.  Despite being owned by the government, OMC is under investigation for alleged illegal mining activities.  And the Congress Party — in the opposition in the state — has lambasted the government for failing to shut down many illegal operations, despite its claims it has shuttered nearly 500 out of 600-odd mines in the state.

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Kashmir-Troops open fire on 500 protesting at power plant

Posted by hetty7 on January 31, 2012

Resistance to the brutal Indian state and its imperialist allies continues, in all sections of the country, from the factories of Mumbai, to the forests of  Orissa, to the mountainous regions of  Kashmir and Jammu, where its peoples are fighting for self determination. This article is from Al Jazeera.

Kashmir Power Cut Protest Turns Deadly

“At least one person killed when Indian troops open fire on protesters angered by electricity outages in winter weather.”

January 3, 2012

Troops in Indian-controlled Kashmir have opened fire on hundreds of villagers who were protesting against frequent power cuts, killing one person and injuring two others, police said. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: Students to Protest Fuel Prices

Posted by hetty7 on January 30, 2012

Student protesters, including the revolutionary student group associated with the UCPN(Maoist) are planning to protest against rising fuel prices, which are partially due to companies hoarding supplies. The protests will occur outside of Nepal’s most prominent government institutions. This article is from myrepublica.

Students to raid petrol pumps, picket Singha Durbar

Republica

Kathmandu, Jan. 29: The agitating students have announced another round of protest programs, including combing petrol pumps and dealers and picketing Singha Durbar, to exert pressure on the government to completely withdraw its decision to raise fuel prices. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: Reactionary parties oppose Maoist land legalizations

Posted by redpines on January 21, 2012

According to the following article, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal(Maoist) are legalizing land transactions that occurred during the People’s War period (1996-2006). It seems likely that many of these transactions involved the distribution or confiscation of land held by wealthy peasants. Nepal’s bourgeois parties seem bitterly opposed to this process, uniting to call the decision ‘autocratic’. The article originally appeared at myrepublica.

Maoists set to leaglise 5‚000 war time transactions

January 19, 2012

The “People’s Government” formed by Maoists during the decade-long insurgency had certified some 5,000 land transactions in the Salyan district alone, and the incumbent Maoist-led government is all set to implement it legally.

The all-party mechanism coordinated by Maoist Secretary Tikaram Oli had sent the records approved by the Maoist People’s Government in the district to the Land Reform Ministry through the District Land Revenue Office one year ago. Read the rest of this entry »

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