Revolution in South Asia

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Posts Tagged ‘peoples war’

Commentary: The Next People’s War?

Posted by celticfire84 on September 23, 2011

This commentary comes from the Nepal Times. Per South Asia Revolution’s usual policy, posting here does not imply endorsement of the views presented. We will have on going series of articles and features related to the future of the Nepalese revolution. As this commentary suggests, events in Nepal are sharpening to a concentrated contradiction between the current dead-locked system, and a revolutionary transformation. Which characteristic will determine the Nepalese revolution in this period is yet to be seen.

“The message is clear: a significant faction of the Maoist party appears to remain committed to armed revolution as the only route to pursuing their political aims… Nepal’s politics has become so corrosive and so driven by patronage that any party coming close to power will be both compromised and consumed by it, abandoning both principle and ideology for the next pay-off. The Maoist leadership has now itself been swallowed up by this and increasingly alienated from its traditional base. The scary truth is that the radicals within the Maoists have been proved right by the gridlock of the last five years: there appears no capacity in the Nepali political system for social transformation, not even, it seems, for effective governance.”

The next People’s War?

A significant faction of the Maoist party remains committed to armed revolution

SIMON ROBINS in BARDIYA

The split within the Maoists is seen by many as a final test of their commitment to peace, and a test of the resolve and authority of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai.

However, this remains a metropolitan discussion, centred around the politics of the CA and trading of policies for money and position that has long defined Nepali politics. One faction of the Maoist party has already taken the discussion out of the Kathmandu back-rooms to articulate its position on a broader stage. For the last month, a Maoist cultural program, dominated by the hardline Kiran faction, has gone around the country laying out its critique of the peace process and more pointedly of both the position and integrity of the party leadership.

This program is a step above those organised during the ‘People’s War’, with a red tent, a sound system and headset microphones giving the performance the air of a tv show. The backdrop of the performance reveals its priorities: an armed PLA fighter in silhouette in front of a colourful explosion. The content has also evolved from traditional songs and dances of Nepal’s ethnic groups to a well acted, and often hilarious, drama.

The show tells the story of a Maoist CA member allied to Prachanda’s faction who now lives comfortably in Kathmandu with a new young wife, and spends his evenings in bars taking money for favours from businessmen. He has short shrift with idealistic party members from his rural district, while his constituents live in poverty, nostalgic for the ‘People’s Government’. The penultimate scene refers directly to the issue over which the Kiran faction has chosen to fight the party leadership: control of the PLA’s weapons. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

From Monarchist to Maoist Revolutionary: It’s Right to Rebel

Posted by celticfire84 on August 6, 2011

The following came from Winter Has Its End site. We highly recommend this site to our readers.

“But everyone in Nepal is political. They worry about politics more than they worry about their own bread. They fight all the time. I couldn’t ignore this.”

A member of Nepal's Young Communist League

From Monarchist to Maoist Revolutionary: It’s Right to Rebel

The following memories came from a young Maoist student, Abhik. Abhik rebelled against his father and his whole upbringing to rush off and join the Maoist revolution. This is his story.

My story began where I grew up, in the Terai [the flat plains at the south of Nepal]. Ethnically, I’m not Madeshi. My family came down from mountains when my father inherited property there and became a landlord. He hated communists, would shout slurs condemning them, and would tell me I could never spend time with leftists. Read the rest of this entry »

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Nepal: Martyrs Memorial Residential School

Posted by celticfire84 on August 6, 2011

Special thanks to Thomas Van Beersum and Krishna Tamu for this report.

“Of course the students that have lost their fathers and mothers have experienced very hard times. In a society where there are many difficulties, where there is massive exploitation and oppression it is a good thing that the Martyrs Foundation Nepal, the UCPN(M) and the teachers have taken their time and effort to help the children.”

Photos by Thomas Van Beersum

Martyrs Memorial Residential School

The people’s war has achieved great accomplishments, but it also has seen many comrades who have become martyrs in their heroic struggle. The Martyrs Memorial School was established to give education to the children of the people who have given their bodies for the sake of the nation, and the ones who have become disappeared, injured and disabled during the people’s war.

All over Nepal there are 5 Martyrs Memorial Schools where there is place for 1400 students in total. These schools are run by the Martyrs Foundation Nepal. I made a visit to one of these schools in Pokhara. When I arrived the students had just finished their exams and they were playing on the playgrounds and watching television. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , | 3 Comments »

Press Release: Condemn the Illegal Detention of CPI(Maoist) Leaders!

Posted by celticfire84 on May 9, 2011

This originally appeared on the website of the International Campaign Against War on the People in India.

Indian Maoist soldier engaged in study. The CPI(Maoist) are engaged in a People's War against the oppressive Indian State.

CONDEMN THE ILLEGAL DETENTION OF CPI (MAOIST) LEADERS!

PRESS RELEASE (30/04/2011) —

Condemn the Illegal Detention of Central Committee Members of the CPI (Maoist) Vijay Kumar (Jaspal), Varanasi Subramaniam (Saroj), Jhantu Mukherjee along with Three Villagers by the Bihar Police!
Demand the Immediate Production of the Six before a Court of Law! Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News, Indian Maoism | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

A Revolutionary Woman of Nepal: The Story of Uma Bhujel

Posted by hetty7 on March 7, 2011

Women Maoist supporters in Nepal. The revolutions in Nepal and India are challenging old systems of oppression and have the potential of liberating millions of women and children in that process.


“On December 26th 2000, Uma and four other women Maoists discussed about the way how to break out of prison while basking in the sun in a courtyard of Gorkha jail.  It was 111th anniversary of Mao Tse-tung’s birthday.

“On this special day the five women reached a conclusion that they would by any means escape from there by making a tunnel connecting to outside of the wall, which was the only way left for them after two failed trials of escaping.”

Uma Bhujel was born on October 21, 1979, in Hansapur VDC of Gorkha district. She is now a member of Nepal’s Constituent Assembly, the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), Vice President of the Young Communist League, Former Brigade Commissar of the People’s Liberation Army.

This is the story of the life of her life.

The story begins during the People’s War in Nepal in December 2000.  Uma and four Maoist women are discussing how to break out of the Gorkha prison.

March 8th is International Women’s Day, the worldwide celebration of women’s struggle for emancipation.  As part of our participation in International Women’s Day, this website will be featuring the inspiring contributions of women.

This account is from the website managed by Working Women Journalists (WWJ), an organization of professional women journalists in Nepal.

* * * * * * * * *

by Kiyoko Ogura.

On December 26th 2000, Uma and four other women Maoists discussed about the way how to break out of prison while basking in the sun in a courtyard of Gorkha jail.  It was 111th anniversary of Mao Tse-tung’s birthday. On this special day the five women reached a conclusion that they would by any means escape from there by making a tunnel connecting to outside of the wall, which was the only way left for them after two failed trials of escaping.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Pictures: From Nepal’s People’s War

Posted by hetty7 on January 20, 2011

Sita Dahal, Comrade Prachanda, Dr Baburam Bhattarai and Hisila Yami pose for a photo before heading to the historic Chunwang Baithak in Rolpa. Photo by Dinesh Shrestha

This article is from myrepublica.

Nepal – People’s War in Pictures

By Subel Bhandari

Dinesh Shrestha is a photojournalist.  But he is not a mainstream photographer like others. What he does, he claims, is “mission journalism.” And according to this mission journalism, people like him work for a specific purpose.

“We tell news as it happens; we are there on the ground and report as we see it.  And we do this for a reason,” he admits and derides the idea of “desk journalism” which, according to the scribe, tends to “assume a lot of things and remains far from facts.”

An original of Gorkha, Shrestha was involved with “party activities” since his schooldays.  By party, he meant the Maoists.

After fleeing from his village due to police operations during the initial years of “People’sWar”, he came to Kathmandu and started working as a journalist. After a year of working with the then leftist paper Janadisha, Shrestha was arrested in 2002, when Nepal had just seen an emergency.

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People’s War…Women’s War?

Posted by celticfire84 on January 3, 2011

Front cover of "People's War...Women's War" by Butch Lee

The success of the revolution in Nepal has demonstrated that liberation from oppression is possible, and as that revolution continues to break down feudal oppression, foreign economic domination, and domestic reaction, the Nepalese revolution has marked a significant point in the liberation of women. Available from Kersplebedeb is the essay “People’s War…Women’s War” by Butch Lee, offers a revolutionary feminist take on the revolution in Nepal.

The People’s Liberation Army is composed of 40% female fighters, and women’s role in the revolutionary struggle have been present from the beginning, as demonstrated by one of its long time leaders, known as Comrade Parvati, who authored The Question of Women’s Leadership in People’s War in Nepal.

This collection lays bare both tremendous advancements for women’s liberation and the setbacks that remain. To continue the struggle for women’s liberation, the Maoist revolutionaries have organized groups like the Nepalese Women’s Association (Revolutionary) [ANWA(R)], which have empowered women to join the revolutionary struggle.

The pamphlet, while published in 2006 remains a powerful account for revolutionaries interested in the Nepalese revolution to study. As typical for our site, posting does not imply endorsement of the views presented in the following. We offer for our readers material for discussion.

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Posted in Nepal Background | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

India’s Maoists: The Ideas of Azad Live On

Posted by celticfire84 on November 16, 2010

A Comrade in Study

Nobody Can Kill the Ideas of Azad!

No one can stop the Revolution’s Advance!

Download full interview as PDF.

Recently some media persons sent some questions to Comrade Ganapathy, the General Secretary of CPI (Maoist).

The martyrdom of Politburo member and party spokesperson Comrade Azad, the continuous losses to the Central leadership of the party, the issue of talks with the government, the deluge of militant mass movements in many areas, the situation of the revolutionary movement in the urban and plain areas, party stand on contemporary issues like Kashmir people’s movement, Commonwealth games, judgment on Babri Masjid are some of the issues on which Comrade Ganapathy concentrated and gave his replies. We hope this interview would be useful to know about party’s stand and understanding in the present situation.

– CC, CPI (Maoist)

1. Many people think that your party had suffered a severe backlash with Azad’s death. What are the circumstances which led to his death? How would you assess the role played by Azad in Indian Revolution? How do you plan to overcome his loss?

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Nepal’s Liberation Army Denies Training Indian Maoist Guerillas

Posted by celticfire84 on November 3, 2010

Maoist Fighter in Nepal

Maoist Fighter in Nepal

First posted in The Economic Times.

KATHMANDU: The guerrilla army of Nepal’s opposition Maoist party Tuesday denied a report in the Indian media that had claimed that “hundreds” of Indian Maoists were being trained in Nepal.

Nanda Kishore Pun, who led the Maoists’ “People’s Liberation Army” (PLA) into a 10-year war against the government before his party signed a peace agreement in 2006, issued a statement Tuesday, in an unusual gesture, refuting a report in an Indian daily that has been creating ripples in Nepal.

Pun, known as Pasang during the civil war, said the PLA condemned the report as “deliberately erroneous and imaginary”.

Pasang said at a time Nepal remained gripped by a crisis and had been unable to form a new government and the ruling parties were flouting the peace pact that had promised to assimilate the PLA into the national army, the report, which smacked of “deliberate and planned propaganda”, was a cause for serious concern.

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Nepali Maoists on Homosexuality

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 21, 2008

This article originally appeared on Counterpunch, April 23, 2007

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), leading what many have considered the most advanced Maoist movement in the world for the last decade, has recently been accused of attacks on gay people and of indulging in anti-gay rhetoric. Unfortunately the reports seem valid. In January a senior party leader, Dev Gurung, now Minister of Local Development in Nepal’s transitional government, was quoted in the press as stating: “Under Soviet rule and when China was still very much a communist state, there were no homosexuals in the Soviet Union or China. Now [that] they are moving towards capitalism, homosexuals may have arisen there as well. So homosexuality is a product of capitalism. Under socialism this kind of problem does not exist.”

The statement seems quite un-Maoist in its description of any twentieth-century socialist experiment as truly “communist.” Mao broke from Stalin in emphasizing the long-term nature and fragility of the construction of socialism as a transitional stage between capitalism and the classless society of communism theoretically posited for the human future. And it seems oblivious to historical reality in denying the existence of homosexuality anywhere, anytime in human history. Dangerously foolish (if I can assume that it was indeed said), it was made in the context of reported abuses of gay men and lesbians by Maoists in areas under their control.

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Leupp: A Maoist Sweep — Electoral Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008


By Gary Leupp

The following article appeared on Counterpunch Apri1 16, 2008.

It ought to be the ballot heard ’round the world. It ought to be front page news. But chances are you haven’t yet learned that the Maoists of Nepal have apparently swept to power in an election that international monitors acknowledge was free and fair. Having led a People’s War from 1996 to 2006, having suspended the armed struggle and making a strategic decision to seek power through electoral means, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has apparently acquired an absolute majority in national elections for a constitutional assembly.

Prime Minister Girija Koirala, representing the Nepali Congress Party, has congratulated CPI(M) leader on the success of his party. The Congress Party, aligned with its Indian counterpart and traditionally supportive of the Nepali monarchy and its Hindu religious trappings, seems to have come in a distant third in the national vote, behind the Communist Party (United Marxist-Leninist). The latter, having spurned Maoist overtures to unite, is in crisis; its leader has resigned and declared it “morally inappropriate” to continue to participate in the current coalition government.

It looks as though Maoist leader Prachanda will emerge as national leader under the presidential system his party advocates. The constitutional assembly will shape a new Nepal as a secular republic. Land reform, laws against debt servitude and child marriage, laws liberating “outcastes” will follow. The Maoists regard Nepal as a pre-capitalist country, which requires a period of capitalist development before it can embark on socialist construction. They say they welcome foreign investment and tourism. They want friendly relations with neighboring China and India. They want to build a railroad conveying Buddhist pilgrims from Tibet to Nepali religious sites. They want, with some help from Jimmy Carter, to persuade the U.S. State Department to remove their name fro the list of “international terrorist organizations.”

They also want to plant the Red Flag on Mt. Everest, big enough so it might be seen from the moon, like the Great Wall of China. That’s what they’ve said.

Realism and poetry. A vision for today, and for tomorrow. The Maoists of India (in particular, the Communist Party of India [Maoist]) continue their People’s War, creating the red corridor that extends from Andra Pradesh up to the Nepali border. They have expressed doubts about the Nepali comrades’ strategy of participation in elections, and emphasized their dedication to Mao’s dictum that “political power grows out of the barrel of the gun.” But they will take heart in the Nepali Maoists’ victory. Unless the Nepali Army (formerly the Nepal Royal Army and still led by pro-monarchist and anti-communist generals), or external forces move to prevent the Maoists’ rise to power, Nepal will emerge as the base-area of global revolution. That’s something else the Maoists have said.

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Nepal: And Now the Question of Armies….

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008

by Mike Ely

Two of Mao’s most famous sayings come to mind, over and over, while studying events in Nepal:

“Political power grows from the barrel of a gun.”

“The people and the people alone are the motive force in history.”

The first one should be a reminder: Leading a government is not the same as seizing state power. Winning an election is a sign of who has won the hearts of the people, but state power ultimately rests on the question of who controls military forces within the country.

That was the heart of the political dilemma, and the tragedy, in Chile (over the early 1970s): The socialist forces of Salvadore Allende won the hearts of the votes, and won the presidency, but did not have the organized military force to face (or defeat) the reactionary Chilean army. The CIA and Chilean high command plotted a military coup, that unleashed a vicious counterrevolution. Allende was killed in the coup, and many thousands of radical activists and supporters were rounded up, tortured and murdered.

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Nepal: Interview with Baburam Bhattarai

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008

Bhattarai speaking The following interview was conducted by Nepali times, and posted on Democracy and Class Struggle.

Baburam Bhattarai pointed to a bouquet in his study and said: “People who never looked at us before are coming here to give me flowers.” Flanked by portraits of Marx, Lenin, Stalin and Mao, the chief ideologue of the Maoists spoke to Nepali Times on Tuesday about sleepless nights, his party’s economic agenda and about whether he’d been offered the prime ministership.

Nepali Times: How does it feel to arrive here after the long journey from a village in Gorkha?

Baburam Bhattarai: There is a deep sense of responsibility, and that comes from the fact that I was born in an ordinary village family, my mother can’t read or write, my father is a farmer. As a child I used to tend livestock and help in the farm, and when I went to high school I had to carry water and cook for myself. From that to be able to go to a good school and be educated, and to have that contrast in one lifetime is fascinating in a way. But now we have been brought to this position where we have to try to resolve issues of national importance, there are enormous aspirations, there is lots to do but we have very little time and resources. It makes us somewhat anxious, thinking about whether we can do it or not. There are sleepless nights, getting up at three in the morning and not being able to go back to sleep.

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Nepal: Revolutionary People Celebrating

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 14, 2008

United We Blog” has posted photos by Wagle from the street celebrations that flowed the Maoist victory in the Nepal’s constituent assembly elections.

Maoist victory in Nepal

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News of the Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 13, 2008

>> Click here for our latest coverage <<

* * * * * *

13/04 Press Release DEAN overview of the April 10 Constituent Assembly Elections Conduct

13/04 News India says it is ready work with Maoists

13/04 News Home Minister Sitaula defeated, Hridayesh Tripathy win

13/04 News Victorious Prachanda meets Koirala

13/04 News Maoists bag 70 seats; NC, UML competing for second place

13/04 News More stalwarts out, more Maoists in

13/04 News Maoists lead with 50 seats; UML win 15, NC 14, MPRF 7, NWPP 2, TMDP 1, NSP-M 1, PFN 1

13/04 News Morally inappropriate to continue in govt, says MK Nepal

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