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Nepal: A Poem by Mani Thapa – Gamaliharu

Posted by hetty7 on December 6, 2011

View from a village in Western Nepal

This is a poem  by Mani Thapa which appeared in the recent English version of The Red Star http://redstarnepal.com – a voice of the Revolutionary forces within the UCPN (M).

This is one of the many poems by revolutionary poets in Nepal on the subject of The People’s War.  This poem is from an anthology: Poems of the People’s War, published by Ichchhuk Cultural Academy.

Gamaliharu – Mani Thapa

Gamaliharu1

Mixing the smell of life

With the smell of sweat

Bartering life’s vicissitudes

With timmur2 seeds

Breaking head inside the quarries

For roofing other’s houses

Swallowing salt-mixed porridge barely for the self Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

What is the road to revolution in Nepal?

Posted by redpines on November 19, 2011

The following response to an earlier post about the 7 point agreement on Nepal’s Army integration raises a number of important questions. How did counter-revolutionary lines develop within the UCPN(M)? Was it due to the class backgrounds of certain leaders? Or was it due to incorrect or dogmatic views of the path to New Democracy and socialism?

And, ultimately, what is the road to socialism in a country like Nepal, which is still shaking off its feudal class relations and is vulnerable to the global reach of military and economic imperialism? What kind of transitional stages are necessary? Should revolutionaries unite with the bourgeois parties who want to bring investment from India and elsewhere to ‘develop’ Nepal along capitalist lines? The revolutionary forces in Nepal have argued that this is a road to further immiseration for the vast majority of the country’s people. 

We encourage readers to share their views on these questions.

by Kumar Sarkar

Siva said: “Leaving aside what the likes of Bhattarai and Hisila Yami had in mind when joining the Maoist Party, we need to examine how others from different class backgrounds and with healthy attitudes got corrupted– and that may include Dahal.”

Bhattarai and Yami did not ‘sneak’ into the party. Nor did Prachanda. They joined with honest intentions of ‘fighting for socialism’.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background | Tagged: , , | 4 Comments »

Nepal report: Maoist left forces forming its own structure

Posted by celticfire84 on September 29, 2011


This comes from the Red Star (Nepal). Posting here does not imply endorsement of the views presented.

Baidya Ideological Faction Centralizing Cadres

Kathmandu, 22 September: Revolutionary ideological faction under the leadership of com. Kiran has concluded its central level cadre training and interaction in Kathmandu valley yesterday. The questions were on how to face all the intrigues and the plots that are being developed under the bogus revolutionary cover of the party leadership. The question of the federalism, respected integration of army, drafting people’s constitution, issue of key, return the seized land using police force by the government were discussed widely.

Cadres gathering in the central interaction actively and seriously took part. They are given directions to go back in the field and work actively with the people in the local areas. All the cadres who had appeared with some confusions, whether the leadership takes its initiative to advance or not, were made clear when the interaction concluded. Cadres returned in a very exiting mood and they shared their live experiences among the co-warriors with their warm hand shaking.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Nepal: People’s War, Art and Literature

Posted by hetty7 on September 28, 2011

Philippino revolutionary art

This article is from www.bannedthought.net

Thanks to Banned Thought for making available this issue of Red Star.  It is  Vol. 3, Issue 17  16-31 –  July 2010.

“The people’s artists went on singing revolutionary songs in every nook and cranny of the country. The dramatists staged revolutionary dramas among the masses. The poets wrote war poems visualizing their victory. The writers wrote articles expressing their faith in the revolution and showing their confidence in the victory of the people in the people’s war”

People’s War, Art and Literature

Dil Sahni

The world shaking decade long People’s War in Nepal has brought revolutionary changes in every sphere of our life. It is said that every revolution produces its own singers, poets and writers. Nepal alone can’t be the exception to it.  Nepal is not the exception to it indeed. The protracted People’s Revolutionary War has produced hundreds of its singers, poets and writers. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

Commentary: The Next People’s War?

Posted by celticfire84 on September 23, 2011

This commentary comes from the Nepal Times. Per South Asia Revolution’s usual policy, posting here does not imply endorsement of the views presented. We will have on going series of articles and features related to the future of the Nepalese revolution. As this commentary suggests, events in Nepal are sharpening to a concentrated contradiction between the current dead-locked system, and a revolutionary transformation. Which characteristic will determine the Nepalese revolution in this period is yet to be seen.

“The message is clear: a significant faction of the Maoist party appears to remain committed to armed revolution as the only route to pursuing their political aims… Nepal’s politics has become so corrosive and so driven by patronage that any party coming close to power will be both compromised and consumed by it, abandoning both principle and ideology for the next pay-off. The Maoist leadership has now itself been swallowed up by this and increasingly alienated from its traditional base. The scary truth is that the radicals within the Maoists have been proved right by the gridlock of the last five years: there appears no capacity in the Nepali political system for social transformation, not even, it seems, for effective governance.”

The next People’s War?

A significant faction of the Maoist party remains committed to armed revolution

SIMON ROBINS in BARDIYA

The split within the Maoists is seen by many as a final test of their commitment to peace, and a test of the resolve and authority of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai.

However, this remains a metropolitan discussion, centred around the politics of the CA and trading of policies for money and position that has long defined Nepali politics. One faction of the Maoist party has already taken the discussion out of the Kathmandu back-rooms to articulate its position on a broader stage. For the last month, a Maoist cultural program, dominated by the hardline Kiran faction, has gone around the country laying out its critique of the peace process and more pointedly of both the position and integrity of the party leadership.

This program is a step above those organised during the ‘People’s War’, with a red tent, a sound system and headset microphones giving the performance the air of a tv show. The backdrop of the performance reveals its priorities: an armed PLA fighter in silhouette in front of a colourful explosion. The content has also evolved from traditional songs and dances of Nepal’s ethnic groups to a well acted, and often hilarious, drama.

The show tells the story of a Maoist CA member allied to Prachanda’s faction who now lives comfortably in Kathmandu with a new young wife, and spends his evenings in bars taking money for favours from businessmen. He has short shrift with idealistic party members from his rural district, while his constituents live in poverty, nostalgic for the ‘People’s Government’. The penultimate scene refers directly to the issue over which the Kiran faction has chosen to fight the party leadership: control of the PLA’s weapons. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , | 2 Comments »

Nepal’s Crossroads: Without a people’s army, the people have nothing.

Posted by celticfire84 on July 1, 2011

This statement emerges from within the Kasama Project — in internationalist communist solidarity with the revolutionary movement of Nepal’s people

By Eric Ribellarsi and Mike Ely

Co-signers: Firewolf Bizahaloni-Wong, Jed Brandt, Luis Chavez, J.B. Connors, Gregory E, Red Fox, Gary, chegitz guevara, Rosa Harris, Lee James, Eddy Laing, Bill Martin, Stephanie McMillan, Giovanni Navarrete, Stiofan Obuadhaigh, Radical Eyes, Redpines, Enzo Rhyner, Harry Sims, John Steele, Kathie Strom, Tell No Lies, Adolfo V., Nat W., Fanshen Wong, Liam Wright

For over twenty years, the impoverished and isolated peoples in the southern Himalayan foothills have risen up to remake themselves and their world. Now, after the sacrifices of a whole generation, the future of their movement and society hangs in the balance:

Will the revolutionary sections of the people be able to carry through the struggle to create the radically new Nepal they have dreamed of? Or will the accomplishments of their struggle so far be consolidated into something that falls short of liberation?

Two roads sharply posed

Different futures confront each other. Those opposing roads have become concentrated in a very stark set of opposing choices:

  • Should the leading Maoist forces and their broad allies break the current political stalemate?
  • Should they prepare the people for an insurrectionary uprising in a focused way and move to break the current ceasefire and seize countrywide political power?
  • Should they carry out a program of radical social changes and take historic steps against foreign domination?
  • Should they break out of the deadlocked framework of the current parliamentary system, and create a “people’s democratic” system together with other forces dedicated to fundamental change?
  • Should they expand and mobilize armed forces based among their Peoples Liberation Army to carry through these tasks?

Or, by contrast:

  • Should they take an approach that confines Nepal’s people within the world’s capitalist order for yet another generation?

These choices don’t face each other as just a debate – but as a power struggle over two roads. That power struggle is now focused on the question of preserving or dissolving the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) – which is one of the major accomplishments of the revolution so far. That power struggle will be decided (one way or another) by what the militants and supporters of Nepal’s revolution now do – in the period ahead. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , | 14 Comments »

Nepal: Maoist Says Revolt is the Pill for All Ills

Posted by celticfire84 on April 12, 2011

This piece comes from the Himalayan and is unverified. However they represent the development of a possible confrontation for state power in Nepal and we urge our readers to check this site regularly for updates.

“We should not waste time discussing differences within the leadership. Their sanctity will be determined once the party goes for people’s revolt”

Revolt the pill for all ills: Maoist leader

TIKA R PRADHAN

KATHMANDU: UCPN-Maoist General Secretary Ram Bahadur Thapa ‘Badal’ today said that a revolt is a must to rid the party and the country of all ills.

“We should not waste time discussing differences within the leadership. Their sanctity will be determined once the party goes for people’s revolt,” Thapa told the Newa State Committee cadres at Khanna Garment. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal Background, Nepal News | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Debate Needed: Is Revolution Possible in Nepal?

Posted by hetty7 on March 28, 2011

Dr. Bhattarai gave a speech – Post-Conflict Restructuring of Nepal: The Challenges and Prospects –  on March 26 at  the Institute of South Asian Studies at the National University of Singapore.   When the entire article becomes available it will be printed  for debate on SAREV. This speech raises two important questions “What is the military situation in Nepal?” and “Is the International situation a favorable one or an unfavorable one?”  As our usual policy, posting here does not imply endorsement. This article comes from thehimalayantimes.com.

Maoist Takeover Not Near: Dr. Bhattarai

Tika R Pradhan 2011-03-26

KATHMANDU: UCPN-Maoist Vice-Chairman Dr Baburam Bhattarai today said a ‘Maoist revolutionary takeover’ is impossible in Nepal at present due to an unfavourable international situation and ‘existing internal military balance’.

Presenting a paper titled ‘Post-conflict restructuring of Nepal: The Challenges and Prospects’ organised by the Institute of South Asian Studies of National University of Singapore, he said the second scenario would be a new historical compromise between the two contending political forces — parliamentary democrats and the revolutionary Maoists — to take the peace process to a logical conclusion and make a new constitution through CA to restructure the state, society and economy.

“Given the current stage of development of the Nepali society transiting from feudalism to capitalism and the prevailing balance of political forces both internally and externally, this is an historical necessity and most sensible political move for both the sides,” he argued.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Nepal: Employers call on govt to crush strike

Posted by Alastair on March 11, 2011

As Maoist workers dig in for a fight, factory owners are offering a 21.4 percent wage increase. This has been rejected, the workers demand their wages be doubled – and the capitalists are now calling for the state to intervene.

From The Himalayan Times

Industries in Hetauda seek security cover

Move district admin office • To hand over keys to CDO today

PRAKASH DAHAL

HETAUDA: Hetauda Industry Organisation today moved the Makawanpur District Administration Office demanding security. The move comes a day after Unified CPN-Maoist-aligned All Nepal Industrial Trade Union enforced indefinite closure of the industries located in Hetauda Industrial Area since yesterday.

HIO Chairman Rishiram Ghimire said keys of all the industries will be submitted to DAO tomorrow. “HIO today requested the DAO in writing to provide security to all the industries located in the industrial area,” Ghimire informed. Chief District Officer Dinesh Bhattarai said his office would do the needful to provide security to the industries.

According to Ghimire, with the closure of more than 65 industries in the area, everyday loss is registered at Rs 8 crores. Additionally, more than 5,000 workers have been hit hard. Read the rest of this entry »

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Leupp: A Maoist Sweep — Electoral Revolution in Nepal

Posted by Rosa Harris on April 16, 2008


By Gary Leupp

The following article appeared on Counterpunch Apri1 16, 2008.

It ought to be the ballot heard ’round the world. It ought to be front page news. But chances are you haven’t yet learned that the Maoists of Nepal have apparently swept to power in an election that international monitors acknowledge was free and fair. Having led a People’s War from 1996 to 2006, having suspended the armed struggle and making a strategic decision to seek power through electoral means, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) has apparently acquired an absolute majority in national elections for a constitutional assembly.

Prime Minister Girija Koirala, representing the Nepali Congress Party, has congratulated CPI(M) leader on the success of his party. The Congress Party, aligned with its Indian counterpart and traditionally supportive of the Nepali monarchy and its Hindu religious trappings, seems to have come in a distant third in the national vote, behind the Communist Party (United Marxist-Leninist). The latter, having spurned Maoist overtures to unite, is in crisis; its leader has resigned and declared it “morally inappropriate” to continue to participate in the current coalition government.

It looks as though Maoist leader Prachanda will emerge as national leader under the presidential system his party advocates. The constitutional assembly will shape a new Nepal as a secular republic. Land reform, laws against debt servitude and child marriage, laws liberating “outcastes” will follow. The Maoists regard Nepal as a pre-capitalist country, which requires a period of capitalist development before it can embark on socialist construction. They say they welcome foreign investment and tourism. They want friendly relations with neighboring China and India. They want to build a railroad conveying Buddhist pilgrims from Tibet to Nepali religious sites. They want, with some help from Jimmy Carter, to persuade the U.S. State Department to remove their name fro the list of “international terrorist organizations.”

They also want to plant the Red Flag on Mt. Everest, big enough so it might be seen from the moon, like the Great Wall of China. That’s what they’ve said.

Realism and poetry. A vision for today, and for tomorrow. The Maoists of India (in particular, the Communist Party of India [Maoist]) continue their People’s War, creating the red corridor that extends from Andra Pradesh up to the Nepali border. They have expressed doubts about the Nepali comrades’ strategy of participation in elections, and emphasized their dedication to Mao’s dictum that “political power grows out of the barrel of the gun.” But they will take heart in the Nepali Maoists’ victory. Unless the Nepali Army (formerly the Nepal Royal Army and still led by pro-monarchist and anti-communist generals), or external forces move to prevent the Maoists’ rise to power, Nepal will emerge as the base-area of global revolution. That’s something else the Maoists have said.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Rough Notes on the Indian Communist Movement

Posted by Rosa Harris on March 29, 2008

redindia.jpgThese are notes from a presentation by G.N. Saibaba on the history and current lines of different trends among communists in India. Saibaba is the Deputy Secretary of the Revolutionary Democratic Front (RDF), an All Indian Federation of Revolutionary People’s Organisations. Thanks to the Fire on the Mountain blog for making these notes available. Feel free to comment or expand on these notes.

1. The communist movement in India today

There are three different main streams in the revolutionary movement:

a. CPI (Maoist) – follows the line of People’s War steadfastly and surging forward.

b. CPI (ML) Naxalbari, CT, PCC (ML) and others like CPCRML who are close to the Maoist party in terms of line to a greater or lesser extent.

Also Red Flag – Communist Revolutionary Platform, CPI (ML) Central Team, and CPM (ML) New Democracy — these are all small, but they have a small mass base. They partake in mass struggles but do not conduct armed struggle at present. They are right deviationist in the understanding of the Maoists.

CPI (ML) Liberation is now fast turning revisionist, a fairly large party mainly in Bihar.

There are no left deviationist groups remaining in India. There used to be some Lin Piao groups, they hardly exist anymore.c. Communist League of India (ML) split from the CPI (ML) originally in the 1970s. They believe that India is a capitalist country. They split into five different groups. They are small and work in urban pockets.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 3 Comments »

Interview: An Inside Look at Maoist Strategy in India

Posted by Rosa Harris on March 29, 2008

farmernadigram.jpgThis is an interview with G.N. Saibaba, the Deputy Secretary of the Revolutionary Democratic Front (RDF), an All Indian Federation of Revolutionary People’s Organisations. He is 40 years old and was born in Andhra Pradesh, a state in southern India. The new Norwegian party Rødt [Red!] conducted this interview in early December when Saibaba was in Norway for the memorial service for Tron Øgrim. The interview was conducted in English. Thanks to the Fire on the Mountain blog for posting it.

Red!: If someone said to you that the Maoist movement in India is a marginal movement that is mainly operating in very backward, lowly populated areas, and it has been doing so for over thirty-five years without getting anywhere, what would be your answer?

Saibaba:The Maoist movement in India is not confined to the backward areas. It’s a vast movement, and includes the “developed” areas. Maoists work both in the countryside and the cities. The government says that the Maoists are active in 15 out of 28 states. And these include the major states. The Union Home Ministry says that 167 districts out total 600 districts in the country are covered by Maoists. This is a little less than 1/3 of India.

The Maoists in India follow the New Democratic Revolutionary method proved successful in China under the leadership of Mao. This method follows that the revolutionary movement must put priority on working in the areas where the state is weak. The Maoists work in the backward regions to smash the local reactionaries’ power and establish people’s power. They build revolutionary mass bases in these backward areas. This doesn’t mean that they don’t also work in the cities. In fact, in the Congress of the CPI (Maoist) held in January/February 2007, they decided to increase their work in the urban areas. They have produced a new document concerning work in the urban areas that analyses the work done in the last thirty years. This document sets out a strategy for developing the work in the urban areas.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Sri Lankan Maoists’ Thousand Flowers: Editorial

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 28, 2008

lilikoiflower_sm.jpg Kasama has received a new theoretical journal “Thousand Flowers” created by Maoist forces in Sri Lanka. We plan to publish a few articles from it here online, and work with others to make the whole issue available. (Thanks to Maoist Revolution list.) Read over the table of contents and share with us which essays you think are most important to post and discuss.

Editorial from the First Issue of Thousand Flowers

Thousand Flowers is intended to train a new generation of revolutionaries in grasping and applying the science of Marxism-Leninism- Maoism as a foundation for building the Ceylon Communist Party-Maoist . The objective is to build a new leadership that can formulate and solve the concrete problems of the Sri Lanka revolution. Through critical analysis and discussion, Thousand Flowers hopes to charter the scientific theory, strategy and path of the Lankan revolution.

Read the rest of this entry »

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Sri Lankan Maoists’ Thousand Flowers: Contents & PDF

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 23, 2008

changwlee_3.jpgKasama has received a new theoretical journal “Thousand Flowers” created by Maoist forces in Sri Lanka We plan to publish a few articles from it here online, and work with others to make the whole issue available. (Thanks to Maoist Revolution list.) Read over the table of contents and share with us which essays you think are most important to post and discuss.

For a complete pdf file of this journal. (thanks to Eric Odell.)

Note: While “Thousand Flowers” describes itself as the journal of the Ceylonese Communist Party (Maoist) — it is worth pointing out that several different centers and lines claim continuity with that party. Read the rest of this entry »

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Sri Lankan Maoists’ Thousand Flowers: Open Letter to Communist Forces

Posted by Rosa Harris on February 23, 2008

ranweli-75.jpgKasama has received a new theoretical journal “Thousand Flowers” created by Maoist forces in Sri Lanka We plan to publish a few articles from it here online, and work with others to make the whole issue available. (Thanks to Maoist Revolution list.) Read over the table of contents and share with us which essays you think are most important to post and discuss.

Open Letter To Genuine Communist Revolutionary Forces.

By Comrade Surendra, Chairman, Ceylon Communist Party-Maoist

We have all experienced the disintegration of the proletarian revolutionary movement in our country. This is a tragic development given the historic challenges and opportunities facing the international proletariat and the oppressed people of the world. While many have abandoned revolution and sought secure pastures, others have stayed on the high road of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, Socialism and Communism, upholding the crimson path of Marx, Engels, Lenin, Stalin and Mao. Some of us, along with the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM), have adopted Maoism as the highest stage in the development of Marxism-Leninism, while upholding the path of the new democratic revolution and protracted people’s war. Some have formed rival parties claiming the legacy of the CCP-M and of Comrade Shan. Some have formed small groups to sustain their own class limitations and personal needs. However, all these trends remain divorced from scientific revolutionary practice, from the masses, and from concrete reality. Their activity has no link to advancing the revolutionary class struggle towards the goal of Communism. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Sri Lanka Background | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , , , | 7 Comments »