Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for September, 2010

Arundhati Roy: The Poverty of India’s Trickle-Down Revolution, Pt. 1

Posted by onehundredflowers on September 20, 2010

This was originally on newstatesman.com.  This is the first part of a 2-part essay.  The second part is posted here.

India in crisis

by Arundhati Roy

The law locks up the hapless felon
who steals the goose from off the common,
but lets the greater felon loose
who steals the common from the goose.

Anonymous, England, 1821

In the early morning hours of the 2nd of July 2010, in the remote forests of Adilabad, the Andhra Pradesh State Police fired a bullet into the chest of a man called Cherukuri Rajkumar, known to his comrades as Azad. Azad was a member of the Polit Bureau of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist), and had been nominated by his party as its chief negotiator for the proposed peace talks with the Government of India. Why did the police fire at point-blank range and leave those telltale burn marks, when they could so easily have covered their tracks? Was it a mistake or was it a message?

They killed a second person that morning — Hem Chandra Pandey, a young journalist who was traveling with Azad when he was apprehended. Why did they kill him? Was it to make sure no eyewitness remained alive to tell the tale? Or was it just whimsy?

In the course of a war, if, in the preliminary stages of a peace negotiation, one side executes the envoy of the other side, it’s reasonable to assume that the side that did the killing does not want peace. It looks very much as though Azad was killed because someone decided that the stakes were too high to allow him to remain alive. That decision could turn out to be a serious error of judgment. Not just because of who he was, but because of the political climate in India today.

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Posted in India Background | 2 Comments »

Nepal: Maoists Refuse to Accept Partial Army Integration

Posted by Rosa Harris on September 17, 2010

This article was published on Telegraph Nepal.

Nepal Maoist further complicate Peace Process, demand integration en masse

Telegraph Nepal

Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai, Vice chairman Unified Maoists’ Party responded modestly when asked by journalists whether he was the candidate for the prime ministerial post, “I do not have personal ambition to become the prime minister. It would be better if Comrade Prachanda leads the country as he is also leading the party.”

Whether Dr. Bhattarai was speaking his inner mind or something different could be a matter of debate in that while Bhattarai was clarifying his “ambitions”, his party chairman was listening to the remarks of his ‘rival’ with his head down.

The Unified Maoists’ Party organized a media interaction program on Saturday, June 26, 2010 after the completion of its ten day long (June 15-25, 2010) party politburo meeting held at the party headquarters in Parisdanda, Kathmandu wherein Dr. Bhattarai made these remarks.

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Posted in Nepal News | 15 Comments »

Revolution in India: A History with Deep Roots

Posted by n3wday on September 15, 2010

This article was published in the Hindustan Times.

History of Naxalism

Hindustan Times, PTI
January 01, 0001

Telangana Struggle: By July 1948, 2,500 villages in the south were organised into ‘communes’ as part of a peasant movement which came to be known as Telangana Struggle. Simultaneously the famous Andhra Thesis for the first time demanded that ‘Indian revolution’ follow the Chinese

path of protracted people’s war. In June 1948, a leftist ideological document ‘Andhra Letter’ laid down a revolutionary strategy based on Mao Tsetung’s New Democracy.

1964


CPM splits from united CPI and decides to participate in elections, postponing armed struggle over revolutionary policies to a day when revolutionary situation prevailed in the country.

1965-66

Communist leader Charu Majumdar wrote various articles based on Marx-Lenin-Mao thought during the period, which later came to be known as ‘Historic Eight Documents’ and formed the basis of naxalite movement.

· First civil liberties organisation was formed with Telugu poet Sri Sri as president following mass arrests of communists during Indo-China war. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 4 Comments »

Farsi Translation: Arundhati Roy’s Walking with the Comrades

Posted by Mike E on September 14, 2010

click for pamphlet

Earlier this year, Indian writer Arundhati Roy slipped into the tribal base areas of India’s growing Maoist movement. She produced the following remarkable description of revolutionary energy emerging from some of the world’s poorest and most threatened people. This widely-circulated essay is even more important as the Indian military prepares a murderous Operation Green Hunt to target the tribal people and the Maoists, occupy their remote political base areas and clear the ground for multinational corporate exploitation.

Click for map of where Farsi is spoken

Now this important essay is available in Farsi — an important language of the Middle East and Central Asia. This is a printable pamphlet form (46 pages in pdf) of the Farsi translation.

The original English is available here on Kasama in web form. An English version can also be downloaded in pamphlet form.

Thanks to the tireless Kasama translation team who worked through nights to accomplish this.

Farsi readers: Please forward any suggestions you have for improving this translation.

Posted in India Background, India News, Translation | 2 Comments »

French Translation: Nepal – Line Struggle Is Part of Making Revolution

Posted by Mike E on September 13, 2010

This article was originally published by myrepublica.com and appeared here on South Asian Revolution. Translation by Gilles Questiaux, published on Réveil Communiste.

Réunion du Comité central des maoïstes :

Les dirigeants maoïstes en désaccord sur les prochaines échéances stratégiques

Katmandou, 25 août 2010 : dans son rapport additionnel, le vice-président Mohan Baidya a demandé une complète révision de la ligne tactique du parti telle qu’elle a été adoptée depuis la signature de l’accord des 12 points avec les autres partis représenté à l’assemblée [sauf erreur l’accord qui a entrainé la chute de la monarchie en 2006 ndgq] et la détermination d’une nouvelle route pour atteindre les objectifs politiques communistes.

Baidya, qui dirige l’aide “dure” du parti maoïste, a manifesté son insatisfaction devant la réticence de la direction envers la préparation du terrain pour une insurrection immédiate, comme il a été décidé à la réunion nationale de Kharipati, pour la prise du pouvoir d’État.

Pushpa Kamal Dahal, Baidya et un autre vice-président du parti, le Docteur Baburam Bhattarai ont présentés des rapports distincts à la réunion du Comité central qui a commencé au siège de Paris Danda, à Kathmandou, mercredi.

D’après un membre du comité central, Baidya aurait déclaré pendant la réunion “nous devons réexaminer la voie suivie par le parti depuis la signature de l’accord en 12 points, et en choisir une nouvelle. Sinon, nous allons finir en parti parlementaire.

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Posted in Nepal News, Translation | 1 Comment »

Among Nepali Maoists: A Critique of Negotiated Betrayal in South Africa

Posted by hetty7 on September 12, 2010

PW Botha and Nelson Mandela organize negotiated shift in the South African state

The road of racial rainbows and imaginary class harmony without mobilizing the people to get rid of the existing state and uproot the underlying system appealed to many, especially the middle classes among the oppressed:  it is an easier road than revolution.  But the problem is, as the bitter experience of South Africa of the recent past  20 years has shown once again, it is entirely illusory – and imaginary.”

This article is from Maoist Information Bulletin.  Published by UCPN (M), International Bureau, Vol. 04, No. 13.

This is a piece published in Nepal’s Maoist press against “negotiating to share political power within the old state.” In other words, it should be read as a sharp polemic over contested issues facing Nepal’s revolution and its Maoist leading core.

Two Decades After Mandela’s Release:

20 Years of Freedom in South Africa?

The world watched elatedly 20 years ago as Nelson Mandela was finally freed from 27 years in South African jails in February 1990, so hated was the apartheid regime and all the injustice it stood for.  Mandela, as one of the world’s longest-held political prisoners has become a sort of living legend.

Apartheid’s jails regorged with thousands of political prisoners from the decades of struggle against apartheid representing different organizations and different perspectives.  Many fighters, leaders and soldiers died in detainment or were hanged in police stations, thrown out of upper-story windows and never saw a wigged white apartheid judge go through the motions of a trial.  Treason was a common charge.  And the masses of South African people had made enormous and heroic sacrifices during the struggle and periods of upsurge over the previous decades.  Although Mandela’s enemies secretly began negotiations with him in 1988, it was never a secret that their releasing political leaders and unbanning opposition groups in 1990 was a calculated step in the dismantling of apartheid and reorganisation of political rule in South Africa.

At the end of the 1980’s the apartheid system of enforced racial segregation and oppression in which the black majority (including people of Indian and mixed race origin) was legally forbidden the most elementary rights was rotting at the seams under the combined weight of major social, political and economic crisis.

It was a revolutionary situation, which the white settler regime fully realized as it could no longer contain the political upsurge that had been shaking the country in waves since 1976 and reached a peak in the mid-1980’s.  Despite police invasion of the townships where most blacks lived, these became bases to stage different forms of struggle.  Youth, students and workers, including foreign migrant workers, organized mass boycotts, stay-aways (from school, businesses and work}, strikes, fighting with the police and then funeral marches after people were gunned down.  In the rural areas too, where most Africans were forced to live in phony ethnic-based reserves, people rioted against the despised bantustan authorities and their vigilante squads, fought for better land and resisted force removals as part of apartheid’s territorial consolidation.

While vast sections of blacks were mobilized in one form or another to fight white rule, many thousands were also actively involved in organizations fighting for national liberation and revolution, and passionately debating the future.

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Posted in South Africa | Leave a Comment »

Targeting Multinationals in India’s Red Corridor

Posted by hetty7 on September 11, 2010

This article is from the conservative business publication Bloomberg Markets. July 29, 2010.

India’s Maoist Menace

by Mehul Srivastava

Armed rebels hold the Red Corridor, a region the size of Portugal, in their grip. The nation’s mineral wealth and 8.5% percent annual growth are at stake.

At the heart of the Bailadila Hills in central India lie 1.1 billion tons of raw ore so pure and so plentiful that half a century after miners first hacked at it with pickaxes, it remains the richest, and one of the largest, iron deposits on the planet.

Essar Steel Ltd. built a plant near the hills in 2005 to turn the ore into a liquid. The Mumbai-based company, controlled by billionaire brothers Ravi and Shashi Ruia, added a 267-kilometer pipeline to pump the slurry to the east coast, where Essar makes steel.

Yet on this quiet June day , cobwebs hang on rusted pipes in the all-but-abandoned facility, Bloomberg Markets magazine reports in its September 2010 issue. Caretakers prepare to switch truck-size rock crushers out of their coma, rousing the machines for five minutes a month to ensure they still work.

Maoist rebels from the surrounding Dandakaranya forest armed with guns and explosives — and some wielding axes and bows and arrows — attacked the facility four times in little more than a year, officials at the now-mothballed plant say. They burned 54 trucks waiting at factory gates in April 2008 and damaged part of the slurry pipeline, the world’s second longest, in June 2009. Essar idled the plant that month.

‘Sucked Into the Conflict’ “‘The Maoists are gaining ground, and India’s resource crunch will only get deeper,” says Suhas Chakma, director of the New Delhi-based Asian Centre for Human Rights. “The entire economic development of the country is being sucked into the conflict. ”

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Posted in India News | 1 Comment »

Evidence Mounts: Indian Maoist Leader Azad Executed at Close Range

Posted by hetty7 on September 10, 2010

* * * * * * * * * *

Azad

This article  is   thanks  to  Democracy and Class Struggle.  The source is Rediff.

Post-Mortem Indicates Azad Was Shot From Close Range.

Posted by Rajeesh on Indian Vanguard August 24, 2010.

Top Maoist leader Azad, who the Andhra Pradesh police claimed to have killed in an encounter on July 1, was shot from very close range,  according to his post-mortem report accessed by Rediff.com’s  Krishnakumar Padamanbhan.

Top Maoist leader Azad, alias Cherukuri Rajkumar, who the Andhra Pradesh  police claimed to have killed in an encounter in the forests of Adilabad district in Andhra Pradesh, was shot at very close range, probably from less than one foot, according to his post mortem report,  accessed by Rediff.com

The post-mortem report stands in contradiction with the police version that Azad was killed in a gun- battle between 11 pm and 11.30 pm on July 1 in Sarkepally village,  Wankedi,  in Adilabad district.

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Posted in India Background, India News | 1 Comment »

Philippine Maoists Order Their Army to Intensify Attacks

Posted by celticfire84 on September 7, 2010

From the Philippine Daily Inquirer

NPA Woman

NPA Woman

GENERAL SANTOS CITY, Philippines – The Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) has ordered its armed wing, the New People’s Army (NPA), to step up offensives in Mindanao.

Jorge Madlos, spokesperson of the National Democratic Front (NDF), said in a statement that the NPA was told to attack “legitimate military targets” as a form of “resisting renewed [military] offensive activities.”

Madlos said the call for increased offensive action was meant “to meet head-on” increased military operations under the extended counter-insurgency campaign, Oplan Bantay Laya (OBL).

“[The CPP] is moving to thwart government’s goal of crushing the Maoist revolutionary movement in three years as laid out by the new administration of President Benigno Aquino III,” he said.

Madlos said a similar order was also relayed to NPA units in other parts of the country.

“It is very clear that the brisk military activities in Mindanao are a direct result of the extension of the OBL campaign,” he said.

The OBL campaign was originally set to end June 2010 but Aquino sought to extend its implementation until the end of this year, Madlos said.

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Posted in philippines news | Tagged: , , , | 1 Comment »

Nepal – Line Struggle Is Part of Making Revolution

Posted by hetty7 on September 6, 2010

This article was published by myrepublica.com

Maoist CC Meeting:
Maoist Leaders Differ on Next Strategic Move

Post B Basnet

Kathmandu, Aug 25: In his supplementary political paper, Maoist Senior Vice-chairman Mohan Baidya has demanded a thorough review of the party’s tactical line adopted since the signing of  the 12-point agreement with the parliamentary political parties, and chart  out a new course to achieve communist political goals.

Baidya,  who leads the hard-line camp in the Maoist party, also expressed dissatisfaction over the leadership’s reluctance to prepare grounds for an immediate revolt,  as decided by the Kharipati national conclave, to seize state power.

Along with Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal,  Baidya and another Vice-chairman Dr. Baburam Bhattarai presented separate political papers in the Central Committee (CC) meeting that began at party headquarters  Paris Danda, Kathmandu,  on Wednesday.

“We should review the party’s  course since the signing of the 12-point pact, and go for a new one.  Otherwise, we will end up becoming another parliamentary party,” a  central committee member quoted Baidya as saying at the meeting.

According to party leaders, Baidya attacked both Dahal and Bhattarai in his political document.  “He indirectly dubbed the views of both as deviations from communist ideology.  For him Dahai is a centrist and Bhattarai a revisionist,  said a Maoist source.

Baidya was jailed in India when the historic 12-point agreement was signed between then underground CPN (Maoist) and the seven-party alliance, and he is not happy with the deal.

However,  Dahal stated that the party should move ahead with the agenda of peace and constitution while preparing grounds for a revolt.

On the other hand,  Bhattarai argued  that the party should rather institutionalize the current achievements and zero in on peace process and constitution drafting rather than go for an immediate revolt.

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Posted in Nepal News | 2 Comments »