Revolution in South Asia

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Archive for August, 2009

Nepal’s Binod: We Have to Accomplish Insurrection

Posted by n3wday on August 31, 2009

NEPAL_MAOISTSMembers of World People’s Resistance Movement from Britain and Ireland conducted this interview  in Nepal.

At this moment when there is no experience of revolution in the 21st century, when there is no advanced proletarian revolutionary movement in the world, when this country is encircled and governed by Indian expansionism, at this moment against imperialism and expansionism, we have come to the decision that we have to accomplish insurrection. This is the important outcome of this meeting.”

WPRM: Can you introduce yourself please?

Com. Binod: My name is Comrade Binod. I am a Central Committee member and secretary of the state council for Mahakali state, which comprises seven districts in the far west of Nepal.

WPRM: Can you tell us about the recent Central Committee meeting and its implications for the coming weeks and months?

Com. Binod: In the life of the party, this Central Committee meeting has been unusual from the point of view of ideology and debate. We have received an opportunity, and we are proud that this meeting has been very unusual because it has taken place amid the deep curiosity of the proletariat in Nepal as well as the world over. This curiosity is positive. At the same time, the imperialists and reactionaries also have an expectation. Amid this we have carried out a great meeting, and made decisions which have made us proud to talk about this meeting.

WPRM: And what are these decisions?

Com. Binod: At this moment when there is no experience of revolution in the 21st century, when there is no advanced proletarian revolutionary movement in the world, when this country is encircled and governed by Indian expansionism, at this moment against imperialism and expansionism, we have come to the decision that we have to accomplish insurrection. This is the important outcome of this meeting. Read the rest of this entry »

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Posted in Maoist Theory, Nepal Background, Nepal News | 5 Comments »

Nepal: UCPN (Maoist) uses seized land for oppressed people and cadre

Posted by n3wday on August 26, 2009

Nepal_UCPN_Maoist_troops_marching_PLAThis article was published on eKantipur.com. Thanks to Comrade Alastair for posting it on RevLeft.

Seized land yet to be returned

GANESH CHAUDHARY TIKAPUR, Aug 20 – Supporters of the UCPN (Maoist) are yet to return to the rightful owners the land and houses they seized in Kailali district during the decade-long insurgency, despite the Maoist leadership’s oft-repeated commitment to the handover of the captured assets. Statistics of the District Administration Office, Kailali, show that Maoist activists captured land and houses of 430 individuals in the district during the insurgency.

Poor people and families of Maoist fighters killed during the insurgency have been making use of the assets.

The rightful owners say they have not been able to get back their land and houses because of district-level Maoist leaders. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Interview with Kiran on recent events

Posted by n3wday on August 25, 2009

kiran_mohan_vaidya_UCPN_Maoist_NepalThis interview was published in Telegraph Nepal.

Opinion: Mohan Vaidya Kiran, Unified Maoist Nepal

Mohan Vaidya Pokhrel-Kiran
Senior Maoist Ideologue, Nepal


What are the conclusions of the freshly concluded Central Committee meeting? Could you throw some light on that?

Comrade Kiran: We are now a part of the ongoing peace process. Our prime objectives are the conclusion of the peace process with a positive note, to successfully accomplish the task of PLA-Nepal Army merger and drafting of the constitution on time.
In the process of accomplishing the tasks mentioned above, freshly our central committee meeting has decided to expose the moves of the reactionaries who are conspiring to derail the peace process and hinder the constitution drafting process. We will strongly come forward in our struggle to achieve the objectives above and in the process foil the conspiracies of the reactionaries. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 2 Comments »

UCPN threatens to form parallel government if demands are not met

Posted by n3wday on August 24, 2009

Nepal_UCPN_Maoist_Flag_demonstrationThis article was published in Telegraph Nepal. The original title of this article is obviously speculative and should be viewed with care. Thanks to Comrade Alastair for posting this on RevLeft.

Maoists’ may form parallel government in Kathmandu

TGW
The Unified Maoists’ Party Led ‘United Revolutionary Front’ (URF) has vowed to further intensify its sadan and sadak (Street and parliament) centric protests aimed at restoring civilian supremacy and also form a parallel government.
Currently, Dr. Babu Ram Bhattarai, the Maoists’ Party vice president is heading the 175 member Revolutionary Front.

The Maoists party on Wednesday, August 19, 2009, formed a Sub-committee ‘Samyukta Rastriya Janaandolan Nepal’ to carry out its objectives.

Addressing the first convention of the said committee, said the Unified Maoist Party Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal that the Front has set the objectives among others as restoring Civilian Supremacy, pressurize the president to reverse his earlier unconstitutional moves and holding discussions at the CA over the Resolution proposal submitted by the Maoists. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 1 Comment »

Nepal: Cadre on alert for revolt

Posted by n3wday on August 24, 2009

UCPN_ycl_training_Nepal_Maoism_MaoistThis article was published in Telegraph Nepal.

Nepal Maoist CA member claims PLA on High Alert, revolt imminent

TGW

“Revolt is not for pleasure however, the situation is such that we are forced to take on to the path for yet another revolt”.

Kula Prasad K.C. alias Sonam, the Unified Maoists Central Committee member and the YCL Central in charge, made this grand disclosure while addressing a program in Tamghas of Gulmi district and stated that the Maoists’ Peoples’ Liberation Army was kept on high alert.

Mr. K.C. was inaugurating the YCL Gulmi First District Convention wherein he made this tantalizing disclosure.

He also told the Maoists’ cadres that the Party was preparing for revolt and that the new revolt will ensure rights of the people that is long overdue.

“The YCL should play a decisive role in the next revolt”, he added further. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »

Banned Thought: Extensive Resources on India’s Lalgarh Uprising

Posted by n3wday on August 20, 2009

adivasi-maoists-cpm-communist-party-of-india-marxist-west-bengal-lalgarhThis this was written by Banned Thought and is an introduction to a series of articles collected and posted on the site.  Many thanks to those folks for taking the time to put this great resource together.

The Great Lalgarh Revolt

Starting in November 2008, the tribal people (or adivasis) of the Lalgarh village area of the Midnapore district of West Bengal, India, rose up against decades of oppression and abuse by the police and armed thugs of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). This party is usually known by its initials as the “CPM”. Despite its name, this is by no means a revolutionary Marxist party; it is instead a revisionist or phony “communist” party, which represents not the workers, peasants and the poor, but actually the ruling alliance of exploiting classes (capitalists and landlords). The CPM has been in power in West Bengal for decades, and has come to demonstrate that old revolutionary Marxist addage that revisionism in power is nothing other than outright fascism as far as the masses of people are concerned.

Naturally the people of West Bengal are more and more resisting this state oppression, but when a revolt like that in Lalgarh occurs, the CPM police and armed goons become all the more ferocious in their attempts to suppress the people’s upsurge and drive them back into submission. There are now huge numbers of state police and paramilitary forces in the Lalgarh area attempting to put down the people’s revolt. But the mass struggle is continuing!

In recent years hundreds of adivasis in the Lalgarh area have been imprisoned on false charges of having ties with the widespread and ongoing Maoist insurgency in large parts of India, and many of them have been murdered. But it is a fact that the Communist Party of India (Maoist) has become more and more influential in the area, and has proven to be the only significant party which actually sides with the people in their fight against the oppressive CPM state machine. It has helped the adivasis set up People’s Committees, and start to take control over their own lives. Activists of the CPI(Maoist) have played a leading role in promoting these People’s Committees and in expanding the struggle to new areas. There are, in addition, a number of special people’s organizations with a broad range of support and participation, such as the People’s Committee Against Police Atrocities, which are playing very positive roles in defense of the masses. This is the overall situation at present in the Lalgarh area and beyond. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News, Maoist Theory | 8 Comments »

People’s Truth: Tamil Eelam Struggle and its Lessons, Part 2

Posted by n3wday on August 20, 2009

tamil_tigers_sri_lanka_revolutionThis article was published in People’s Truth #7. Thanks to Banned Thought for making it available. Part 1 appeared here yesterday.

Tamil Eelam Struggle and its Lessons: Part 2

Ravindran

The role of Indian Expansionists

Since the beginning, the Indian government always intervened in Sri Lanka keeping its expansionist interests in mind. While paying lip service to the plight of Tamils the Indian government extended tacit support to the Sinhala-Buddhist chauvinist ruling classes.

In 1949, after the Sinhalese ruling classes assumed power, it colluded with them in disenfranchising the plantation workers of Indian origin and agreed to promulgate the Citizenship Act 1949 that made more than a million Tamil plantation workers stateless. In 1971, when the Sirimao Bandaranaike government was in imminent threat from the JVP uprising, the Indian government provided all help to quell that rebellion because it did not want to lose its prominent status to China in Sri Lanka. Again in 1974, for the same reason, it ceded Katchattivu, a fishing island port of Tamil nadu from time immemorial, to Sri Lanka, brushing aside opposition from the people of TN and the state government. Today, as a result of this, more than four hundred fishermen from TN were killed and thousands were arrested and tortured and their fishing boats, nets and other equipments worth millions of rupees were destroyed by the Sri Lankan navy. Hundreds of protests and strikes by the Tamil fishing community and appeals from different sections of the people and all political parties to take necessary steps to protect the fishermen were simply ignored by the Indian government on the pretext that these fishermen are conduits for the LTTE.

In order to serve its expansionist interests the Indian government sought either to appease the Sri Lankan chauvinists or to pressurize them through the Tamil issue. In 1983, when anti-Tamil riots broke out in Sri Lanka, the Indian government, which was waiting for an opportunity to intervene, immediately stepped into the scene and provided arms to the LTTE and set up training camps in India. In 1985, on the pretext of opposing the bombing of Tamils in northern Sri Lanka, Indian Air Force jets entered Sri Lankan territory and dropped food and medicines violating all international law and norms. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Background, Tamil Tigers | 7 Comments »

People’s Truth: Tamil Eelam Struggle and its Lessons

Posted by n3wday on August 19, 2009

ltte_guerrilla_sri_lanka_revolutionThis article is part 1 of a 2 part series. This article was originally published in People’s Truth #7. Thanks to Banned Thought for making it available.

Tamil Eelam Struggle and its Lessons

Ravindran

On 18th May 2009, the president of Sri Lanka Mahinda Rajapakshe declared that the three decades of war against the LTTE has come to an end. He declared that the Sri Lankan army won a final victory against the Tigers.   The Sri Lankan army and the government also claimed that the LTTE leader Prabhakaran and many of his lieutenants were killed in the battle and showed the photographs of the dead body of Prabhakaran in the electronic and print media. On 20th, the Sri Lankan government declared a national holiday to ‘celebrate’ this ‘victory’.

The timing of this declaration created suspicion amongst the people who are closely watching the developments in Sri Lanka, in India and all over the world. It appears that the Sri Lankan government deliberately spread this news after the announcement of parliament election results in India. While the Sri Lankan government and the UPA government led by the Congress party celebrated this, millions of sympathizers/supporters of Tigers and Eelam struggle all over the world were shocked in disbelief that the struggle for a separate Tamil Eelam would come to such an end. Within 24 hours, the Tigers rubbished the Sri Lankan government’s claim and published that the Tiger’s chief and many leaders of the LTTE are safe and the struggle for Tamil Eelam would continue until realizing its goal of achieving a separate homeland for the Eelam people.

Tamils all over the world held protest demonstrations, and in Tamil Nadu (TN), some violent incidents also took place. Although the claim by the Sri Lankan government that they have achieved a conclusive victory over the LTTE and the armed struggle for a separate homeland for Eelam can be disputed, at least for the present, there is no doubt that the Sri Lankan army achieved a major military victory over the LTTE.

How could one of the most powerful guerrilla forces, the LTTE, have faced such a defeat and how was the Sri Lankan army able to inflict such a defeat? With this defeat, whether the three and half decades of armed struggle for self-determination come to an end? Whether the Sri Lankan government will fulfill the genuine national aspirations of the Eelam people? Whether the Tamil people in Sri Lanka can live as equal citizens along with the Sinhalese? What will be the future of Tamils in Sri Lanka? These are the important questions for all those who fight for freedom, national liberation and for people’s democracy and those who genuinely support the cause of Tamil Eelam. To understand the struggle for Tamil Eelam it is necessary to look into its origin and its growth.
Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka Background, Tamil Tigers | 8 Comments »

TV report on Maoist “Extremism” in India

Posted by Mike E on August 18, 2009

FromAl-jazeera.. a reactionary, pro-government, anti-Maoist report. But interesting nonetheless. It includes a call for the Indian state to reassert power in the growing liberated zones within India.

Posted in India News | 4 Comments »

India’s Flames of People’s Anger: Lagarh Update #2 part 3

Posted by n3wday on August 18, 2009

adivasi-maoists-cpm-communist-party-of-india-marxist-west-bengal-lalgarhThanks to D for making us aware of this. The previous articles leading up to this one are available here and here. We are breaking this post into three parts because of its length. This is part 3. Part 1 and part 2 are available here and here.

Singur to Lalgarh via Nandi gram: Rising Flames of People’s Anger against Displacement, Destitution and State Terror

Lalgarh Update 2

Amit Bhattacharyya

Maoist Leader Kishanji Speaks on the Significance of the Lalgarh Movement and the Passive Attitude of Kolkata Intellectuals

This piece is based on an interview which was published in the Biplabi Gana Pratirodh, the mouthpiece of Gana Pratirodh Mancha (Forum for People’s Resistance) in its June 2009 1st year no.3 issue. It was taken, as we learn from the editorial note, before the results of the Lok Sabha elections were declared. The interview covered many aspects of which we have taken only those which are relevant for our purpose. This is the only piece available at hand till now where we could get an idea of how the Maoist leadership has assessed this historic struggle. Some portions of the text, I feel, need clarification. However, in view of the overall present situation, it is next to impossible to get any direct access to him. So we are keeping the text exactly as it was published in the periodical. This is a free translation from the Bengali original.

Lalgarh is second Naxalbari: The Naxalbari movement has brought forward an alternative to parliamentary politics. After Telangana, Naxalbari brought armed struggle to the political agenda. When Naxalbari received a setback, the Communist Party, though in existence, was a very weak and ordinary force. The Lalgarh movement started in November and its historical context is the success of the November revolution. In the state of West Bengal, revisionist social fascists have been in power for more than three decades. Lalgarh got rid of this politics. In none of the other states was the CPI (M) in power for long. They came to power in Kerala earlier, but were unable to remain in power for long. During the thirty years the CPI (M) was in power in West Bengal, they converted it into an experimental ground of how revisionism could strike root throughout the world. Thus West Bengal became the real testing ground for the genuine revolutionary force. Here one thing should be kept in mind. The area which is weak from their point of view will crumble first. In this state, they are comparatively weak and revolutionary forces are strong in Jangalmahal. For this reason, the Lalgarh movement could be built up here. In no other part of the country, not to speak even of Naxalbari, could a movement with such a powerful mass base be built up. For this reason, we are considering the Lalgarh movement as the second Naxalbari. There is also another observation here. At present, under the leadership of our party, in Dandakaranya, Andhra, Bihar, Orissa and Jharkhand, resistance movement has been advancing. This advance is developing towards positional war. It was at such a moment that the Lalgarh movement was born. The movement spread and people of 1100 villages got themselves associated with it. In the areas blockaded, thousands of people sat down on the road—this developed into a rebellion. Why did the revolt continue so long? The discontent and anger that had been accumulating over the years burst forth as a rebellion like Naxalbari uprising. It stormed the gates of the revisionists. Lalgarh has showed how to carry out the boycott of administration by combining military activity and mass movement. See the election, there was a massive boycott of votes after Naxalbari. In some areas, polling was very low. See what happened during the 2008 election in Dandakaranya. Boycott was nearly total. Dandakaranya advanced towards mobile warfare. Lalgarh movement is not a mobile war; it is a preparatory stage towards that direction. In those areas like West Bengal as also other states, where class struggle is weak, the Lalgarh movement will act as the torch-bearer. For these reasons, we consider Lalgarh to be second Naxalbari. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: PLA Preparing for Revolution?

Posted by n3wday on August 18, 2009

PLA_Nepal_UCPN_army_integration_Maoist_MaoismThis article was published on eKantipur.com.

Uncertainty at PLA cantonments

MOHAN BUDAIR

KAILALI, Aug 17 – Maoist combatants cantoned inside the seven camps across the country are losing hope of joining the natio-nal army since the government led by their party UCPN (Maoist) stepped down.

This is especially true among Maoist fighters inside Lokesh Smriti Brigade of Badaipur under the seventh division camp of People’s Liberation Army (PLA).

They have been asked to wait for transformation and peace, and at the same time remain alert against regressive forces. The soldiers are being told of the possibility of both war and integration at the internal training for PLA fighters inside the camp.  Of late, guerrilla warfare has dominated the regular exercise session inside the camp.

Aakash, a PLA combatant of Lokesh Smriti Brigade says “The peace process is connected with our integration. There won’t be any peace if the PLA is not integrated.” Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | 1 Comment »

India’s Flames of People’s Anger: Lagarh Update #2 part 2

Posted by n3wday on August 18, 2009

lalgarh_uprising_India_CPI_MaoistThanks to D for making us aware of this. The previous articles leading up to this one are available here and here. We are breaking this post into three parts because of its length. This is part 2. Part 1  is here and 3 will be available soon.

Singur to Lalgarh via Nandi gram: Rising Flames of People’s Anger against Displacement, Destitution and State Terror

Lalgarh Update 2

Amit Bhattacharyya

Schools and Colleges Forced to Bid Goodbye to Teaching and Admission as Troops Set up their Camps in their Buildings

With central and state police forces engaged in this totally unjust war against the people, occupying about 14 school buildings. About 20,000 students have been affected as the schools have been shut down. Nobody knows for how long this situation will continue. Of these, five schools are situated in Midinipur Kotwali police station area while the rest are in Lalgarh, Jhargram, Salboni and Goaltore areas. The occupation of schools by occupation forces has resulted in strong resentment among students, their guardians and teachers. The students of Mohandas Vidyapith in Medinipur even staged a demonstration. A group of students and their guardians also demonstrated outside the district inspector (DI) of schools’ office demanding that the police camps be shifted to other places. But the DI expressed his helplessness as the acquisition of the schools is an administrative decision. Leaders of the Medinipur Suraksha Committee staged a dharma outside the office of the district magistrate on 26 June over the same issue. Students of Class V to IX of these schools could not appear for the unit tests which were to begin on 26 June. In all, they have to undergo five such unit tests before the annual examination and three before the pujas (annual social/religious festival of the Hindus) which had been pre-poned this year. Besides, the academic session in the state has also been advanced by two months. Thus this loss of time would give them lesser time for preparation.

However, the problems of the students of Gargaria Subhas High School and Bejdanga high School in Sarenga, Bankura, bordering Lalgarh, seem to be more acute, particularly for those who stay in school hostels. They have been asked by the school authorities to vacate the hostels to make room for police accommodation. But some of them who hail from Lalgarh are in dire straits as they do not know where to go. Most of them have fled home fearing police atrocities and are now finding it difficult to go back home (The Statesman, 28 June 2009). Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | Leave a Comment »

India’s Flames of People’s Anger: Lagarh Update #2 part 1

Posted by n3wday on August 16, 2009

Lalgarh_adivasis_India_bow_arrow_CPI_Maoist_Peoples_Committee_against_police_atrocitiesThanks to D for making us aware of this. The previous articles leading up to this one are available here and here. We are breaking this post into three parts because of its length. This is part 1. Part 2 and 3 will be available soon.

Singur to Lalgarh via Nandi gram: Rising Flames of People’s Anger against Displacement, Destitution and State Terror

Lalgarh Update 2

Amit Bhattacharyya

Preface

We are bringing out this Update 2 which is in continuity with our earlier Update 1 (published in June 2009) to the original booklet: Singur to Lalgarh via Nandigram Rising Flames of People’s Anger against Displacement, Destitution and State Terror by Prof. Amit Bhattacharyya. He has quickly put together these two updates as the people’s struggle in the Lalgarh-Jangalmahal region of West Bengal is unfolding into a historical uprising with very many new creative forms of dissent.

Encouraged by a great response from various sections of people from all over India in receiving these booklets, we are publishing the Update 2 quickly. We are also encouraged to see the translation of these booklets into various languages like Oriya, Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, Hindi, Punjabi etc.

What started as a struggle in November 2008 against displacement and police atrocities in Lalgarh has now acquired manifold dimensions of a larger people’s struggle. Keeping in view the significance of this people’s struggle, we are placing these updates before the people in struggles or those who are interested in people’s struggles at a time when media coverage of the developments in Lalgarh has dwindled to two-line news items or literally no coverage outside West Bengal. We hope this Update 2 will give an idea of what is going on in Lalgarh-Jangalmahal, though by no means it is a comprehensive report as no outsider is allowed by the West Bengal and Central Governments to go to the area of struggle to have a firsthand knowledge.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News | Leave a Comment »

People’s Truth: The Lalgarh Revolt a ‘Festival of the Masses’

Posted by n3wday on August 15, 2009

lalgarh_uprising_adivasis_women_india_CPI_MaoistThis article comes from People’s Truth #7 posted on Banned Thought. Thanks to D for bringing this to our attention.

The Lalgarh Revolt a ‘Festival of the Masses’

Cherag

What has been taking place in Lalgarh during the mid-June period was a festival of the masses. It is a festival the like of which was not seen anywhere else in our country for a long time. People who had been oppressed and humiliated for a long time have stood up with arms, with their heads held high like a mighty storm and are attacking their enemies, and destroying their property, annihilating the most hated among them. The CPI (M) leaders and cadres–the most trusted stooges of the ruling classes, the revisionists and most notorious of the reactionary elements have been rightly identified as the main enemies of the people and they are being dealt crushing blows with ferocity. Never in the wildest of dreams could these enemies of the people think that they would be reduced to such a fate in a state where they had been lording over for more than three decades with sky-kissing arrogance. The heroic people of Lalgarh have targeted those symbols of power—the most hated CPM leaders and goons, those social fascists, their party offices and property. It was a scene worth beholding.

Locals describe the CPM cadre as the government’s rampaging bull. Thirty-two years of CPM has brought about no change in their way of living they say. The dirty primary health centre is in abysmal condition, there is not even drinking water, people have to travel a long distance to get basic medical care, the public distribution system has collapsed, wages are low, there is no infrastructure and acute poverty stalks the land. The chief occupation is agriculture; but there is no irrigation. The pent up anger of the masses has now burst forth. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in India Background, India News, Maoist Theory | Leave a Comment »

Nepal: Using feudal land to serve the people

Posted by n3wday on August 15, 2009

feudalism_nepal_UCPN_Maoist_Land_reformThanks to Comrade Alastair for bringing this to our attention. This article was published on Nepal News.

Properties of 30,000 families still under Maoist control

Sunday, 09 August 2009

Even after three years of joining the mainstream politics by renouncing war, the Unified CPN (Maoist) has not returned properties of about 30,000 families in 72 districts, a parliamentary committee formed to monitor the implementation of Maoist commitments has concluded.

The tenure of the committee itself has ended on July 22. The committee had published public notices seeking information on confiscation of property. It received thousands of applications in the District Administration Offices of 72 districts, according to the committee. No applications were received in Manang, Mustang and Dolpa.

The Maoists have only returned properties belonging to Rastriya Janashakti Party chairman Surya Bahadur Thapa, UML leader Amrit Kumar Bohara and former Chief of Amry Staff Sachit Shumsher Rana.

Nepali Congress headquarter has informed the committee that properties of 28000 families including 2253 NC cadres, mostly in the mid-western and far-western Terai districts, is still under the control of Maoists. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Nepal News | Leave a Comment »