This article is from The Red Star (Vol-2, No-6, March. 16 – 31, 2009). It is posted at Banned Thought.
by a Red Star reporter
Constitution Advisory Committee of Unified CPN-Maoist has publicized its pro-people constitution; the “Constitution of Republic Nepal -2009”. The model draft has been publicized by the chief of the Constitution Advisory building Committee, Dr. Baburam Bhattarai, the senior leader of Unified CPN-Maoist and Finance Minister.
In the preliminary outline of would be new constitution, CPN Maoist has given emphasis on the content and aspiration of the historic People’s Movements Since 1951 to the 12-point understanding and the declaration of Republic in its preamble. The preamble of the constitution further reads, “The historic responsibility is to end the semi-feudal and semi-colonial structure and to institutionalize the socialism-oriented People’s Federal Democratic National Republic of Nepal.”
The party fully commits for the protection of national sovereignty, territorial integrity, independency, freedom and national unity with the objective to build prosperous and dignified new Nepal. The constitution accepts the value that the people: peasants, workers toiling people: are the only motive force of the society. The preamble gives emphasis on ‘the necessity of addressing the majority of the oppressed and exploited caste, region, gender and community strtegiclly.’
The constitution has adapted the necessity of the policies and programs of the right of self-determination of oppressed caste/nationalities and regions of Himalaya, hill, valley and Terai Region.
The constitution clearly states that Unified CPN Maoist party is committed to follow competitive multiparty democratic state power, Civil Freedom, fundamental right, human right, voting right, periodical election, press freedom, independent and efficient judiciary and rule of law. The party guarantees the proportional and inclusive representation of all the class, caste, region, gender and community.
The abovementioned are the main salient features of the constitution. The system will be presidential and Prime Minister will have limit rights including administrative. The fame of the People’s Republic will be federal with the right of self-determination on the basis of caste and regional autonomy.
The pro-imperialism and pro-feudalism political parties will not be allowed to contest under the people’s federal state power. To guarantee the security and protecting of state and its people, the youth over 18 years will be given compulsory training.